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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: January 2012

Chapter 40 - Perioperativepulmonary aspiration prophylaxis

from Part 6 - IntravenousAnesthetics and Adjunct Drugs

Suggested readings

American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preoperative Fasting. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacological agents for the prevention of pulmonary aspiration: application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures. Anesthesiology 1999; 90:896–905.
BlittCD, GutmanHL, CohenDD, et al. ‘Silent’ regurgitation and aspiration during general anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1970; 49:707–713.
CohenMM, DuncanPG, PopeWDP, WolkensteinC. A survey of 112,000 anaesthetics at one teaching hospital (1975–83). Can Anaesth Soc J 1986; 33:22–31.
CoriatP, LabrousseJ, VildeF, et al. Diffuse interstitial pneumonitis due to aspiration of gastric contents. Anaesthesia 1984; 39:703–705.
EngelhardtT, WebsterNR. Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1999; 83:453–460.
EzriT, SzmukP, SteinA, et al. Peripartum general anaesthesia without tracheal intubation: incidence of aspiration pneumonia. Anaesthesia 2000; 55:421–426.
HarknessGA, BentleyDW, RoghmannKJ. Risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia in the elderly. Am J Med 1990; 89:457–463.
HarrisonGG. Death attributable to anaesthesia. A ten year survey (1967–1976). Br J Anaesth 1978; 50:1041–1046.
Hovi-VianderM. Death associated with anaesthesia in Finland. Br J Anaesth 1980; 52:483–489.
IshiharaH, SinghH, GieseckeAH. Relationship between diabetic autonomic neuropathy and gastric contents. Anesth Analg 1994; 78:943–947.
KnightPR, RutterT, TaitAR, et al. Pathogenesis of gastric particulate lung injury: a comparison and interaction with acidic pneumonitis. Anesth Analg 1993; 77:745–760.
KulkarniPN, BatraYK, WigJ. Effects of different combinations of H2 receptor antagonist with gastrokinetic drugs on gastric fluid pH and volume in children – a comparative study. Int J Pharmacol Ther 1997; 35:561–564.
La RosaM, PivaL, RavanelliA, et al. Aspiration syndrome in cesarean section. Our experience from 1980 to 1990. Minerva Anestesiol 1992; 58:1213–1220.
LeighJM, TytlerJA. Admissions to the intensive care unit after complications of anaesthetic techniques over 10 years. Anaesthesia 1990; 45:814–820.
ManchikantiL, ColliverJA, MarreroTC, RoushJR. Assessment of age-related acid aspiration risk factors in pediatric, adult, and geriatric patients. Anesth Analg 1985; 64:11–17.
NgA, SmithG. Gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration of gastric contents in anesthetic practice. Anesth Analg 2001; 93:494–513.
NishinaK, MikawaK, TakaoY, et al. A comparison of rabeprazole, lansoprazole and ranitidine for improving preoperative gastric fluid property in adults undergoing elective surgery. Anesth Analg 2000; 90:717–721.
OlssonGL, HallenB, Hambraeus-JonzonK. Aspiration during anaesthesia: a computer-aided study of 185–358 anaesthetics. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1986; 30:84–92.
PhillipsS, DabornAK, HatchDJ. Preoperative fasting for paediatric anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1994; 73:529–536.
TiretL, HattonF. Complications associated with anaesthesia – a prospective survey in France. Can Anaesth Soc J 1986; 33:336–344.
WarnerMA, WarnerME, WeberJG. Clinical significance of pulmonary aspiration during the perioperative period. Anesthesiology 1993; 78:56–62.
WongCA, McCarthyRJ, FitzgeraldPC, et al. Gastric emptying of water in obese pregnant women at term. Anesth Analg 2007; 105:751–755.