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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: December 2010

23 - Hydromorphone (oral and parenteral)

from Section 2 - Oral and Parenteral Opioid Analgesics

References

2. InturrisiC, PortenoyR, StillmanM, et al. Hydromorphone bioavailability and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships. Clin Pharm Ther 1988;43:162–169.
3. RitschelWA. Absolute bioavailability of hydromorphone after oral and rectal administration in humans. J Clin Pharmacol 1987;27:647–653.
4. BabulN, DarkeAC, HagenN. Hydromorphone metabolite accumulation in renal failure. J Pain Sympt Management 1995;10(3):184–186.
5. BrodskyJB, ChaplanSR, BroseWG, MarkJBD. Continuous epidural hydromorphone for postthoracotomy pain relief. Ann Thorac Surg 1990;50:888–893.
6. SinatraRS, LevinS, OcampoCA. Neuroaxial hydromorphone for control of postsurgical, obstetric, and chronic pain. Semin Anesth Periop Med Pain 2000;19:108–131.