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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: December 2010

18 - Codeine and codeine compounds

from Section 2 - Oral and Parenteral Opioid Analgesics


1. BruntonLL. Goodman and Gilmore’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006, pp. 563–580.
2. SindrupSH, BrosenK. The pharmacogenetics of codeine hypoalgesia. Pharmacogenetics 1995;5:335–346.
3. YueQY, HasselstromJ, SvenssonJO, SaweJ. Pharmacokinetics of codeine and its metabolites in Caucasian healthy volunteers: comparisons between extensive and poor hydroxylators of debrisoquine. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1991;31:635–642.