1970. History of Human Life Span and Mortality. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. and
1978. The retreat from migrationism. Annual Review of Anthropology 7: 483–532., and
1969. Counting People: the Census in History. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Ammerman, A. J. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1973. A population model for the diffusion of early farming in Europe. In (ed.) The Explanation of Culture Change. London: Duckworth, pp. 343–357.
1970. The age of menopause in classical Greece and Rome. Human Biology 42: 79–86. and
1973. The age of menopause in medieval Europe. Human Biology 45: 605–612. and
2000. Paleoindian artefact distributions: evidence and implications. Antiquity 74: 507–513. and
2000. Paleoindian colonization of the Americas: implications from an examination of physiography, demography and artefact distribution. American Antiquity 65: 43–66. and
1991. Infectious Diseases of Humans. Oxford: Oxford University Press. and
Anderson, T. 2000. Congenital conditions and neoplastic disease in British palaeopathology. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 199–226.
1969. The bases of paleodemography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 30: 427–438.
1990. Migration in archaeology: the baby and the bathwater. American Anthropologist 92: 895–914.
1962. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. New York: Vintage Books.
1997. Deaths and injuries due to the earthquake in Armenia: a cohort approach. International Journal of Epidemiology 26: 806–813., , and
2003. Trepanation: History, Discovery and Theory. Lisee: Swets and Zeitlinger., and (eds.)
2002. Deserted Britain: declining populations in the British Late Middle Pleistocene. Antiquity 76: 388–396. and
1998. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Palaeopathology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and
1994. The Demography of Roman Egypt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and
Ball, W. 1996. The first census. Geographical Magazine, January: 16–18.
2005. Was there a population replacement during the Late mid-Holocene in the southeastern Pampas of Argentina? Archaeological evidence and palaeoecological bias. Quaternary International 132: 95–105. and
2005. A late Neandertal femur from Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve, France. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 102: 7085–7090., , et al.
1987. Morbidity in historical plague epidemics. Population Studies 41: 401–431.
1993. Is the fertility of agriculturalists higher than that of nonagriculturalists?Current Anthropology 34: 778–785., and
1980. Estimating fertility on the basis of birth traumatic changes in the pubic bone. Journal of Human Evolution 9: 611–613. and
1995. Middle Pleistocene mortality pattern and fertility: the case of the Atapuerca hominids (Sima de los Huesos, Burgos, Spain). Revista Espanola de Paleontologia 10: 259–272. and
1997. Palaeodemography of the Atapuerca-SH Middle Pleistocene hominid sample. Journal of Human Evolution 33: 333–355. and
2004. Palaeodemography of the Atapuerca-SH hominin sample: a revision and new approaches to the palaeodemography of the European Middle Pleistocene population. Journal of Anthropological Research 60: 5–26., , , and
1988. Distinct dental development patterns in early fossil hominids. Nature 335: 509–514. and
Binford, L. R. 1968. Post-Pleistocene adaptations. In and (eds.) New Perspectives in Archeology. Chicago: Aldine, pp. 313–341.
Binford, L. R. and Chasko, W. J. 1976. Nunamiut demographic history: a provocative case. In (ed.) Demographic Anthropology, Quantitative Approaches. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 63–143.
Bishop, N. A. and Knüsel, C. J. 2005. A palaeodemographic investigation of warfare in prehistory. In and (eds.) Warfare, Violence and Slavery in Prehistory. British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 1374: 201–216.
2005. Two hiatuses in human bone radiocarbon dates in Britain (17000 to 5000 cal BP). Antiquity 79: 505–513.
1992. Demography of the Hadza, an increasing and high density population of savanna foragers. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 89: 159–181., , , and
2002. Antiquity of postreproductive life: are there modern impacts on hunter-gatherer postreproductive life spans?American Journal of Human Biology 14: 184–205., and
1986. Once upon a time: paleodemography. Mitteil. Berlin Gesell. Anthropol. Ethnol. Urges. 7: 127–133.
1999. Age distributions of hominid samples at Atapuerca (SH) and Krapina could indicate accumulation by catastrophe. Journal of Archaeological Science 26: 327–338. and
1997. Brief communication: estimates of some demographic parameters in a Neolithic rock-cut chamber (approximately 2000 BC) using iterative techniques for ageing and demographic estimators. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 102: 569–575. and
2000. Neanderthal contraction and modern human colonization of Europe. Antiquity 74: 544–552. and
1982. Farewell to paleodemography. Journal of Human Evolution 11: 321–333. and
1983. Paleodemography: resurrection or ghost?Journal of Human Evolution 14: 107–111. and
Boddington, A. 1987. From bones to population: the problem of numbers. In , and (eds.) Death Decay and Reconstruction: Approaches to Archaeology and Forensic Science. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 179–197.
1988. Mortality rates of moose in New Brunswick: a life table analysis. Journal of Wildlife Management 52: 21–25.
Boldsen, J. L., Milner, G. R., Konigsberg, L. W. and Wood, J. W. 2002. Transition analysis: a new method for estimating age from skeletons. In and (eds.) Paleodemography. Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 73–106.
1965. The Conditions of Agricultural Growth. Chicago: Aldine.
1957. Sex differences in the foetal pelvis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 15: 581–600.
Bourgeois-Pichat, J. 1965. The general development of the population of France since the eighteenth century. In and (eds.) Population in History. London: Arnold, pp. 474–506.
1980. L'hypogée chalcolithique de Roaix apport a l'étude de la démographie en Provence. Bulletin et Mémoire de la Societé d'Anthropologie de Paris 7: 85–89.
2005. The limits of biomolecular palaeopathology: ancient DNA cannot be used to study venereal syphilis. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 703–713. and
Boylston, A., Holst, M. and Coughlan, J. 2000. Physical anthropology. In , and (eds.) Blood Red Roses. The Archaeology of a Mass Grave from the Battle of Towton AD 1461. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp. 45–59.
1981. The Hunters or the Hunted. An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brickley, M. 2000. The diagnosis of metabolic disease in archaeological bone. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 183–198.
1985. Re-evaluation of the age at death of immature fossil hominids. Nature 317: 525–527. and
Bronson, B. 1975. The earliest farming: demography as cause and consequence. In (ed.) Population, Ecology and Social Evolution. The Hague: Mouton, pp. 53–78.
1990. Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: a comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods. Human Evolution 5: 227–238. and
2002. A new evolutionary scenario for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99: 3684–3689., , et al.
Brothwell, D. 1967. Major congenital anomalies of the skeleton: evidence from earlier populations. In and (eds.) Diseases in Antiquity. Springfield: Thomas, pp. 423–443.
1987. Population estimation from floor area: a re-study of ‘Naroll's Constant’. Behavior Science Research 21: 1–49.
1998. Gender and sex – what can ancient DNA tell us?Ancient Biomolecules 2: 3–15.
Brown, K. A. 2000. Ancient DNA applications in human osteoarchaeology: achievements, problems and potential. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 455–473.
2003. Accounting for genocide: how many were killed in Srebrenica?European Journal of Population 19: 229–248., and
1996. Bayesian Approach to Interpreting Archaeological Data. Chichester: Wiley., and
2002. Age estimation from the auricular surface of the ilium: a revised method. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119: 231–239. and
1985. Paleodemography: critiques and controversies. American Anthropologist 87: 316–333. and
2000. Archaeology and migration. Approaches to an archaeological proof of migration. Current Anthropology 41: 539–567.
1994. Europeans on the Move. Studies on European Migration, 1500–1800. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (ed.)
2003. A Y chromosome census of the British Isles. Current Biology 13: 979–984., , et al.
1999. Ancient Warfare: Archaeological Perspectives. Stroud: Sutton. and (eds.)
1970. A theory of the origin of the state. Science 169: 733–738.
2004. Older age becomes common late in human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101: 10895–10900. and
1974. Further refinement of formulae for determining population from floor area. World Archaeology 6: 117–122.
1966. Mortality patterns in mammals. Ecology 47: 906–918.
1994. The History and Geography of Human Genes. Princeton: Princeton University Press., and
Chamberlain, A. T. 2000. Problems and prospects in palaeodemography. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 101–115.
2003. A population-based study on the immediate and prolonged effects of the 1999 Taiwan earthquake on mortality. Annals of Epidemiology 13: 502–508., , , , and
1993. Life History Invariants. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
1936. Man Makes Himself. London: Watts.
1957. How the age distribution of a human population is determined. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 22: 83–88.
1983. Regional Model Life Tables and Stable Populations. 2nd edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press. and
1974. Model fertility schedules: variations in the age structure of childbearing in human populations. Population Index 40: 185–258. and
1986. The Decline of Fertility in Europe. Princeton. and
2003. Epidemiology for the Uninitiated. London: BMJ Books., and
1977. The Food Crisis in Prehistory: Overpopulation and the Origin of Agriculture. New Haven: Yale University Press.
1954. The population consequences of life history phenomena. Quarterly Review of Biology 29: 103–137.
2003. Grades and transitions in human evolution. Proceedings of the British Academy 106: 6–100.
1976. Get them young? Age and sex inferences of animal domestication in archaeology. American Antiquity 41: 96–102. and
2000. Ancient DNA: do it right or not at all. Science 289: 1139. and
Cox, M. 2000. Assessment of parturition. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 131–142.
1992. Evaluation of the obstetric significance of some pelvic characters in an 18th Century British sample of known parity status. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 89: 431–440. and
1999. Childhood in Anglo-Saxon England. Stroud: Sutton.
1976. Virgin soil epidemics as a factor in the aboriginal depopulation in America. William and Mary Quarterly 33: 289–299.
1998. Identification of Mycobacterium DNA in an Egyptian Pott's disease of 5400 years old. Comptes Rendu d' Academie des Sciences, Paris. Life Sciences 321: 941–951., , , , and
1998. New formulae for estimating prehistoric populations for lowland South America and the Caribbean. Antiquity 72: 359–375.
Daly, M. and Wilson, M. 1984. A sociobiological analysis of human infanticide. In and (eds.) Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives. New York: Aldine, pp. 487–502.
1992. The Indian population of North America in 1492. William and Mary Quarterly 49: 298–320.
1988. Dwarfism in Egypt and Classical Antiquity: iconography and medical history. Medical History 32: 253–276.
1995. An Introduction to Population, 2nd edition. New York: The Guilford Press. and
1991. Histological reconstruction of crown formation times and initial root formation times in a modern human child. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 86: 215–228. and
1993. A longitudinal study of tooth growth in a single individual based on long and short period incremental markings in dentine and enamel. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 3: 249–264., , and
2001. Growth processes in teeth distinguish modern humans from Homo erectus and earlier hominins. Nature 414: 628–631., , , , , and
1947. Life tables for natural populations of animals. The Quarterly Review of Biology 22: 283–314.
Dennell, R. 1980. The use, abuse and potential of site catchment analysis. In and (eds.) Catchment Analysis. Essays on Prehistoric Resource Space. Los Angeles: Department of Anthropology, University of California, pp. 1–20.
1983. Population estimates from settlement area and number of residences. Journal of Field Archaeology 10: 187–192.
1991. Can paleopathology provide evidence for ‘compassion’?American Journal of Physical Anthropology 84: 375–384.
1990. A discriminant function analysis of deciduous teeth to determine sex. Journal of Forensic Sciences 35: 845–858. and
1989. Famine mortality: a case study of Darfur, Sudan 1984–5. Population Studies 43: 5–24.
1975. Demographic consequences of infanticide in man. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 6: 107–137.
1995. Coalescents and genealogical structure under neutrality. Annual Review of Genetics 29: 401–421. and
1969. Population and Society in Norway, 1735–1865. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1998. Detection of 400-year-old Yersinia pestis DNA in human dental pulp: an approach to the diagnosis of ancient septicemia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 95: 12637–12640., , and
1991. Root dentine transparency: age determination of human teeth using computerized densitometric analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 85: 25–30., and
1965. Population growth and cultural change. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 21: 302–324.
Dunbar, R. I. M. 1987. Demography and reproduction. In , , et al. (eds.) Primate Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 240–249.
Dutour, O., Ardagna, Y., Maczel, M. and Signoli, M. 2003. Epidemiology of infectious diseases in the past. In and (eds.) Emerging Pathogens: the Archaeology, Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Disease. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 151–165.
1995. Model life tables for captive chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 37: 25–37., , , and
1998. Population Dynamics of a Philippine Rain Forest People. The San Ildefonso Agta. Gainesville: University of Florida Press. and
1953. The social biology of very high fertility among the Hutterites: the demography of a unique population. Human Biology 25: 206–264. and
1968. The Population Bomb. New York: Ballantine Books.
1989. Three days in October of 1630: detailed examination of mortality during an early modern plague epidemic in Venice. Reviews of the Infectious Diseases 11: 128–139.
2002. Button osteoma: its etiology and pathophysiology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 118: 217–230., , et al.
1990. Worldwide Variation in Human Growth. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and
1998. Determining the sex of infanticide victims from the late Roman era through ancient DNA analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science 25: 861–865., , et al.
2000. From a dry bone to a genetic portrait: a case study of sickle cell anemia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 111: 153–163., , , , , , and
1978. Forensic Fetal Osteology. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. and
Fletcher, R. 1990. Residential densities, group sizes and social stress in Australian aboriginal settlements. In and (eds.) Hunter-Gatherer Demography. Oceania Monographs 39. Sydney: University of Sydney, pp. 81–95.
2004. Ice ages and the mitochondrial DNA chronology of human dispersals: a review. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359: 255–264.
2004. Palaeolithic populations and waves of advance. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 14: 53–61., and
1987. Dwarfism in an adolescent from the Italian late Upper Palaeolithic. Nature 330: 60–62., , and
1989. Bio-mathematical approaches to the study of human variation in mortality. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 32: 185–214.
1990. Variation and classification of human age patterns of mortality: analysis using competing hazards models. Human Biology 62: 589–617.
1998. The comparative demography of primates: with some comments on the evolution of life histories. Annual Review of Anthropology 27: 197–221.
1988. Model life tables for the larger Old World monkeys. American Journal of Primatology 16: 305–320. and
1993. Model life tables for the larger Old World monkeys: a revision. American Journal of Primatology 29: 287–290. and
1984. Estimating mortality from two censuses: an application to the Trio of Surinam. Human Biology 56: 489–501., and
2002. Measuring sedentariness and settlement population: accumulations research in the Middle Atlantic region. American Antiquity 67: 535–557.
2004. Climate change and evolving human diversity in Europe during the last glacial. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 359: 243–254., , and
2001. Mycolic acids and ancient DNA confirm an osteological diagnosis of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis 81: 259–265., , , , and
2003. The Social Commemoration of Warfare. World Archaeology 35(1). (ed.)
2002. Human migrations and population structure: what we know and why it matters. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 3: 129–152. and
1953. Some vital statistics based on skeletal material. Human Biology 25: 3–12.
Goodman, A. H. and Rose, J. C. 1991. Dental enamel hypoplasias as indicators of nutritional status. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental Anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 279–293.
1997. Osteology, DNA and sex identification: morphological and molecular sex identifications of five Neolithic individuals from Ajvide, Gotland. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 7: 71–81., , , and
2002. A Bayesian approach to ageing perinatal skeletal material from archaeological sites: implications for infanticide in Roman Britain. Journal of Archaeological Science 29: 677–685. and
Gowland, R. L. and Chamberlain, A. T. 2003. A new method for estimating gestational age from skeletal long bone length. In (ed.) Archaeological Sciences 1999. Oxford, British Archaeological Reports, British Series 1111: 42–58.
2005. Detecting plague: palaeodemographic characterisation of a catastrophic death assemblage. Antiquity 79: 146–157. and
1990. Donner party deaths: a demographic assessment. Journal of Anthropological Research 46: 223–242.
1996. Human mortality in a natural disaster: the Willie Handcart Company. Journal of Anthropological Research 52: 185–205.
1986. Life and death in ancient populations: bones of contention in paleodemography. Human Evolution 1: 193–207., and
Grine, F. E. 1993. Description and preliminary analysis of new hominid craniodental fossils from the Swartkrans Formation. In (ed.) Swartkrans: a Cave's Chronicle of Early Man. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum, pp. 75–116.
1997. Mobility of Bell Beaker people revealed by strontium isotope ratios of tooth and bone: a study of southern Bavarian skeletal remains. Applied Geochemistry 12: 517–525., , , , and
2003. The importance of conflict-related mortality in civilian populations. The Lancet 361: 2126–2128. and
1999. Isolation of Trypanosoma cruzi DNA in 4,000-year-old mummified human tissue from Northern Chile. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 108: 401–407., , , , , , and
1950. Age determinations on teeth. Journal of the American Dental Association 41: 45–54.
2002. Growing Up and Growing Old in Ancient Rome. London: Routledge. and
1994. Infertility and forager demography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 93: 385–390.
1993. The genetic structure of ancient human populations. Current Anthropology 34: 483–496., , and
1998. Genetic traces of ancient demography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 1998; 95: 1961–1967., , , , and
1995. The Human Biology of the English Village. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harvey, P., Martin, R. D. and Clutton-Brock, T. H. 1987. Life histories in comparative perspective. In , , et al. (eds.) Primate Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 181–196.
1973. On mechanisms of population growth during the Neolithic. Current Anthropology 14: 535–540.
Hassan, F. A. 1978. Demographic archaeology. In (ed.) Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory Vol. I. New York: Academic, pp. 49–103.
Hassan, F. A. 1981. Demographic Archaeology. New York: Academic.
1997. Hadza women's time allocation, offspring provisioning, and the evolution of long postmenopausal life spans. CurrentAnthropology 38: 551–577., and
2004. Spatial dynamics of human dispersals. Constraints on modelling and archaeological validation. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 669–679. and
1989. Population decline in a Philippine Negrito hunter-gatherer society. American Journal of Human Biology 1: 59–72.
2000. Estimating Scandinavian and Gaelic ancestry in the male settlers of Iceland. American Journal of Human Genetics 67: 697–717., , , , , , , , and
1959. L'âge du décès d'après les inscriptions funéraires. Population 14: 327–329.
2002. US bombing and Afghan civilian deaths: the official neglect of ‘unworthy’ bodies. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26: 626–634.
1998. Investigating the weaning process in past populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 105: 425–439., and
1991. Demography and childcare in preindustrial societies. Journal of Anthropological Research 47: 1–37.
Hildebolt, C. F. and Molnar, S. 1991. Measurement and description of periodontal disease in anthropological studies. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental AnthropologyNew York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 225–240.
2001. Mortality rates among wild chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution 40: 437–450., , , , , and
1995. Ache Life History. The Ecology and Demography of a Foraging People. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. and
1999. Life history traits in humans: theory and empirical study. Annual Review of Anthropology 28: 397–430. and
1996. Dental Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hillson, S. 2000. Dental pathology. In and (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 249–286.
1995. Statistical study of sexual dimorphism in the human fetal sciatic notch. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 97: 113–125. and
1971. Plague mortality rates by age and sex in the Parish of St. Botolph's Without Bishopgate, London, 1603. Population Studies 25: 131–146. and
1969. Historical Demography. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Holman, D. J., Wood, J. W. and O'Connor, K. A. 2002. Estimating age-at-death distributions from skeletal samples: multivariate latent-trait approach. In and (eds.) Paleodemography. Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 193–221.
1930. The Indians of Pecos Pueblo. A Study of their Skeletal Remains. New Haven: Yale University Press.
1966. On the probable age structure of the Roman population. Population Studies 20: 245–264.
1992. Evaluating human skeletal growth: an Anglo-Saxon example. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 2: 275–288.
2002. Paleodemography. Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and (eds.)
1997. Radiocarbon evidence for the Lateglacial human recolonisation of Northern Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 63: 25–54., , and
1979. Demography of the Dobe!Kung. New York: Academic Press.
1982. Village composition implied by a paleodemographic life table: the Libben site. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 59: 263–270.
Howells, W. W. 1960. Estimating population numbers through archaeological and skeletal remains. In and (eds.) The Application of Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Chicago: Quadrangle, pp. 158–185.
1995. Age determination from dental microstructure in juveniles. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 97: 135–150. and
1999. Proving the authenticity of ancient DNA by comparative genomic hybridization. Naturwissenschaften 86: 500–503., , , , , and
Humphrey, L. 2000. Growth studies of past populations: an overview and an example. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 23–38.
1990. Sex determination in the subadult ilia: an indirect test of Weaver's nonmetric sexing method. Journal of Forensic Sciences 35: 881–885.
Iraq Body Count. 2004. Available at www.iraqbodycount.net/bodycount.htm
1985. Pubic symphysis age distributions. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 281–299.
1991. Two centuries of mortality change in central Japan: the evidence from a temple death register. Population Studies 45: 417–436. and
1993. Qualitative and quantitative aspects of scurvy in ancient bones. Journal of Paleopathology 5: 25–36., , and
2001. Variation among early North American crania. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 114: 146–155. and
1982. Dental remains from the Hadar Formation, Ethiopia: 1974–1977 collections. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 57: 545–603., and
1988. Plantation slave mortality in Trinidad. Population Studies 42: 161–182.
1990. Population Geography. 2nd edition. London: Chapman.
1999. Stories from the Skeleton: Behavioral Reconstruction in Human Osteology. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach.
1992. Estimating population size at ancient military sites: the use of historical and contemporary analogy. American Antiquity 57: 276–287.
Katzenberg, M. A. 2000. Stable isotope analysis: a tool for studying past diet, demography and life history. In and (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 305–327.
1996. Weaning and infant mortality: evaluating the skeletal evidence. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 39: 177–199., and
1996. War Before Civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2003. An unreduced dislocated mandible in an Alaskan eskimo: a case of altrusim or adaptation?International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13: 384–389.
1965. The microscopic determination of age in human bone. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 23: 149–163.
1989. Demographic consequences of the 1984–1985 Ethiopian famine. Demography 26: 515–522.
1982. Pliocene hominid cranial remains from the Hadar Formation, Ethiopia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 57: 453–499., and
1994. The first skull and other new discoveries of Australopithecus afarensis at Hadar, Ethiopia. Nature 368: 449–451., and
1996. Demographic transition theory. Population Studies 50: 361–387.
Kitch, M. 1992. Population movement and migration in pre-industrial rural England. In (ed.) The English Rural Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 62–84.
1984. The Analysis of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. and
1978. Natural fertility in pre-industrial Germany. Population Studies 32: 481–510.
1985. Demographic estimates in archaeology: contributions from ethnoarchaeology on Mesoamerican peasants. Current Anthropology 26: 581–599.
1999. Identification of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum in a 200-year old skeletal specimen. Journal of Infectious Diseases 180: 2060–2063., , , and
2003. Lessons from Srebrenica: the contributions and limitations of physical anthropology in identifying victims of war crimes. Journal of Forensic Sciences 48: 713–716.
1992. Estimation of age structure in anthropological demography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 89: 235–256. and
2002. Deconstructing death in paleodemography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 117: 297–309. and
Konigsberg, L. W., Frankenberg, S. R. and Walker, R. B. 1997. Regress what on what? Paleodemographic age estimation as a calibration problem. In (ed.) Integrating Archaeological Demography: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Prehistoric Population. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University, pp. 64–88.
Konigsberg, L. W. and Herrmann, N. P. 2002. Markov chain Monte Carlo estimation of hazard model parameters in paleodemography. In and (eds.) Paleodemography. Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 222–242.
2002. Detection of mycobacterial DNA in Andean mummies. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40: 4738–4740., , , and
Kósa, F. 1989. Age estimation from the fetal skeleton. In (ed.) Age Markers in the Human Skeleton. Springfield: Thomas, pp. 21–54.
1982. Village Ethnoarchaeology. Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective. New York: Academic Press.
2002. Why intensive agriculturalists have higher fertility: a household energy budget approach. Current Anthropology 43: 511–517. and
Kreager, P. 1997. Population and identity. In and (eds.) Anthropological Demography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 139–174.
1997. Neandertal DNA sequences and the origin of modern humans. Cell 90: 19–30., , , , and
2000. A view of Neandertal genetic diversity. Nature Genetics 26: 144–146., , , , , , , , and
1986. The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine. 2nd edition. Springfield: Thomas. and
2005. Neandertal evolutionary genetics: mitochondrial DNA data from the Iberian peninsula. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22: 1077–1081., , , , , , , , , , and
2002. The age pattern of mortality in the 1918–19 influenza pandemic: an attempted explanation based on data for England and Wales. Medical History 46: 1–20.
1997. Bioarchaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
In the Wake of Contact: Biological Responses to Conquest. New York: Wiley-Liss. and (eds.) 1994.
Larsen, C. S., Shavit, R. and Griffin, M. C. 1991. Dental caries evidence for dietary change: an archaeological context. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental Anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 179–202.
1969. Size and structure of the household in England over three centuries. Population Studies 23: 199–223.
Laslett, P. 1972. Mean household size in England since the sixteenth century. In (ed.) Household and the Family in Past Time: Comparative Studies in the Size and Structure of the Domestic Group. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 125–158.
1996. PCR based sex identification of ancient human bones by amplification of X- and Y-chromosomal sequences: a comparison. Ancient Biomolecules 1: 25–33., and
1988. Reindeer on South Georgia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1971. An addition to Naroll's suggested floor area and settlement population relationship. American Antiquity 36: 210–211.
LeBras, H. and Wachter, K. W. 1978. Living forbears in stable populations. In , and (eds.) Statistical Studies of Historical Social Structure. New York, Academic Press, pp. 163–188.
Lee, R. B. 1972. Population growth and the beginnings of sedentary life among the!Kung Bushmen. In (ed.) Population Growth: Anthropological Implications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 329–342.
Lee, R. B. 1979. The!Kung San. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1945. On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics. Biometrika 33: 183–212.
1948. Some further notes on the use of matrices in population mathematics. Biometrika 35: 213–245.
1942. On the generation and growth of a population. Sankhya 6: 93–96.
1994. The biological basis for seasonal increments in dental cementum and their application to archaeological research. Journal of Archaeological Science 21: 525–539.
1997. Leprosy and tuberculosis: the epidemiological consequences of cross-immunity. American Journal of Public Health 87: 1923–1927., and
1999. Diet and the aetiology of dental calculus. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 9: 219–232.
1999. Developing permanent tooth length as an estimate of age. Journal of Forensic Sciences 44: 917–920. and
1993. Increasing human tooth length between birth and 5.4 years. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 90: 307–313., and
2002. Morphology and affinities of new hominin cranial remains from Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Formation, Gauteng Province, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 42: 389–450. and
1977. Paleodemography of the Libben Site, Ottawa, Ohio. Science 198: 291–293., , , , and
1985. Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 15–28., , and
1975. The Geography of Movement. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. and
1996. A Bayesian approach to adult human age estimation from dental observations by Johanson's age changes. Journal of Forensic Sciences 41: 189–194., , and
2003. Impact of the AD 79 explosive eruption on Pompeii, II. Causes of death of the inhabitants inferred by stratigraphic analysis and areal distribution of the human casualties. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 126: 169–200., , , , and
1987. On the analysis of vertebrate mortality profiles: sample size, mortality type, and hunting pressure. American Antiquity 52: 125–142.
1998. The Greenland Norse: a Biological-Anthropological Study. Meddelelser om Gr⊘nland, Man and Society 24. Copenhagen: The Commission for Scientific Research in Greenland.
1992. Extreme mortality in nineteenth century Africa: the case of Liberian immigrants. Demography 29: 581–594.
1996. Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective. Boulder: Westview Press. and
1976. The Modern Rise of Population. New York: Academic Press.
1957. Skeletal Age Changes in Young American Males. Natick: Quartermaster Research and Development Command. and
1971. Survivorship in gracile and robust australopithecines: a demographic comparison and a proposed birth model. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 34: 417–426.
1979. Plagues and Peoples. London: Penguin.
1996. The Demography of Famines. An Indian Historical Perspective. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
1975. Some Paleodemographic Aspects of the South African Australopithecines. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
1988. Divining the unprovable: simulating the demography of African slavery. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 19: 177–201. and
1955. Linear growth of long bones of extremities from infancy through adolescence. American Journal of Diseases of Children 89: 725–742.
1939. The growth of long bones in 80 infants. Child Development 10: 91–100. and
2002. Paleodemographic comparison of a catastrophic and attritional death assemblage. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119: 134–143. and
1992. Population change in Roman London. Britannia 23: 133–140. and
1997. Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach. and (eds.)
1973. The discovery of America. Science 179: 969–974.
1976. Sur la mortalité chez les anciens Indiens de l'Illinois. Current Anthropology 17: 128–132.
1993. Infanticide in Roman Britain. Antiquity 67: 883–888.
1996. Healed limb amputations in human osteoarchaeology and their causes: a case study from Ipswich, U.K. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 6: 101–113.
2003. Comment on ‘A Bayesian approach to ageing perinatal skeletal material from archaeological sites: implications for the evidence for infanticide in Roman Britain’ by R. L. Gowland and A. T. Chamberlain. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 1695–1700.
Mays, S. and Cox, M. 2000. Sex determination in skeletal remains. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 117–130.
2004. Recovery time after a disaster and the ancient Maya. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 1311–1324. and
1985. Ectocranial suture closure: a revised method for the determination of skeletal age at death based on the lateral-anterior sutures. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 57–66. and
1998. Recent advances in method and theory in paleodemography. Annual Review of Anthropology 27: 375–399. and
1983. Skeletal age at death: accuracy of determination and implications for paleodemography. Human Biology 55: 73–87., and
1985a. A revised method of age determination using the os pubis, with a review and tests of accuracy of other current methods of pubic symphyseal aging. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 29–45., , and
1985b. Accuracy and direction of error in the sexing of the skeleton: implications for paleodemography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 79–85., , and
1995. Clocking the first Americans. Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 21–45.
1985. Anatomical, physiological, and epidemiological correlates of the aging process: a confirmation of multifactorial age determination in the Libben skeletal population. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 87–106. and
Miles, A. E. W. 1963. The dentition in the assessment of individual age in skeletal material. In (ed.) Dental Anthropology. Oxford: Pergamon, pp. 191–209.
Miles, A. E. W. 1989. An Early Christian Chapel and Burial Ground on the Isle of Ensay, Outer Hebrides, Scotland with a Study of the Skeletal Remains. Oxford. British Archaeological Reports, British Series 212.
2001. The Miles method for assessing age from tooth wear revisited. Journal of Archaeological Science 28: 973–982.
Milner, G. R. and Larsen, C. S. 1991. Teeth as artifacts of human behavior: intentional mutilation and accidental modification. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental Anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 357–378.
1989. Pattern matching of age at death distributions in paleodemographic analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 80: 49–58., and
1979. Mormon demographic history II: the family cycle and natural fertility. Population Studies 33: 429–446., and
1992. Moving Europeans: Migration in Western Europe since 1650. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
1998. Some sexually dimorphic features of the human juvenile skull and their value in sex determination in immature skeletal remains. Journal of Archaeological Science 25: 719–728., and
1993. Mortality rates in displaced and resident populations of central Somalia during 1992 famine. The Lancet 341: 935–938., , , , , , and
1963a. Formation and resorption of three deciduous teeth in children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 21: 205–213., and
1963b. Age variation of formation stages for ten permanent teeth. Journal of Dental Research 42: 1490–1502., and
1962. Floor area and settlement population. American Antiquity 27: 587–589.
1960. Methoden zur diagnose des lebensalters von skelettfunden. Anthropologischer Anzeiger 24: 70–95., and
1999. Linguistic diversity of the Americas can be reconciled with a recent colonization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96: 3325–3329.
1988. Methods and Models in Demography. London: Belhaven.
Nolan, J. 1998. The Newcastle Infirmary at the Forth, Newcastle upon Tyne. Volume I: The Archaeology and History. Unpublished report by Northern Counties Archaeological Services for Tyne and Wear Development Corporation.
1963. Biometrical notes: the information on ancient Christian inscriptions from Rome concerning the duration of life and the dates of birth and death. Helsinki.
Notestein, F. 1945. Population – the long view. In (ed.) Food for the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 36–57.
1990. In search of Methuselah: estimating the upper limits to human longevity. Science 250: 634–640., and
2001. Evidence of probable scurvy in subadults from archaeological sites in North America. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 114: 343–351., , and
1997. Bone changes in the human skull probably resulting from scurvy in infancy and childhood. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 7: 212–220. and
1999. Probable evidence of scurvy in subadults from archaeological sites. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 108: 321–331., and
1998. Dry bone manifestations of rickets in infancy and early childhood. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 8: 45–55. and
1985. Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. and
2000. Sampling in Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2000. Killing of captured enemies: a cross-cultural study. Current Anthropology 41: 439–443.
2000. Molecular analysis of Neandertal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature 404: 490–493., , , , and
1985. Long bone lengths and gestational age distributions of post-contact Arikara Indian perinatal infant skeletons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68: 321–328. and
1989. Model life tables as a measure of bias in the Grasshopper Pueblo skeletal series. American Antiquity 54: 820–824.
1972. The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road, 1567–1659. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Parker Pearson, M. and Thorpe, I. J. N. (eds.) 2005. Warfare, Violence and Slavery in Prehistory. British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 1374.
1991. Menopause: a comparative life history perspective. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 34: 13–38. and
1988. Fitness and fertility among Kalahari!Kung. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 77: 303–319. and
1999. Disappearing from the world: an archaeological perspective on Neanderthal extinction. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 18: 217–240.
1969. A newly developed visual method of sexing the os pubis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 30: 297–301.
1978. Evolutionary Ecology, 2nd edition. New York: Harper and Row.
2001. Long bones growth variation among prehistoric agricultural and pastoral populations from Ukraine (Bronze Era to Iron Age). Variability and Evolution 9: 61–73., and
1994. The Geographical Analysis of Population, With Applications to Planning and Business. New York: Wiley. and
1971. Ages at menarche and menopause: some mediaeval authorities. Population Studies 25: 83–87.
1994. How many Sumerians per hectare? Probing the anatomy of an early city. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 4: 47–65.
1985. The Dictionary of Demography. Oxford: Blackwell.
1983. An integrated system for demographic estimation from two age distributions. Demography 20: 213–226.
2001. Prehistoric human migration in the Linearbandkeramik of Central Europe. Antiquity 75: 593–603., , , and
2004. PCR-induced sequence alterations hamper the typing of prehistoric bone samples for diagnostic achondroplasia mutation. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21: 2005–2011., , , , , , and
Radlauer, D. 2002. An engineered tragedy: statistical analysis of casualities in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, September 2000 – September 2002. Available at: www.ict.org.il/articles/articledet.cfm?articleid=439
1994. DNA of Mycobacterium leprae detected by PCR in ancient bone. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 4: 287–290., , , , and
2001. Independent forensic autopsies in an armed conflict: investigation of the victims from Racak, Kosovo. Forensic Science International 116: 171–185., and
2004. Surprisingly rapid growth in Neanderthals. Nature 428: 936–939. and
1994. Craniometric variation among modern human populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 95: 53–62.
1973. Before Civilisation. London: Cape.
2002. Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Diseases. 4th edition. London: Saunders.
1983. Estimation of the coancestry coefficient: basis for a short-term genetic distance. Genetics 105: 767–779., and
1991. Relationship between age and dental attrition in Australian aboriginals. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 84: 159–164. and
1996. Paleolithic and Neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene pool. American Journal of Human Genetics 59: 185–203., , et al.
2000. The numerical basis of Roman camps. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 19: 425–437.
1987. Dates as data: an examination of the Peruvian preceramic radiocarbon record. American Antiquity 52: 55–73.
1986. Leprosy and leprosaria in Medieval Britain. MASCA Journal 4: 15–21.
Roberts, C. 2000a. Trauma in biocultural perspective: past, present and future work in Britain. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 337–356.
Roberts, C. 2000b. Did they take sugar? The use of skeletal evidence in the study of past disability in past populations. In (ed.) Madness, disability and social exclusion. The archaeology and anthropology of ‘difference’. London: Routledge, pp. 46–59.
2003. Health and Disease in Britain from Prehistory to the Present Day. Stroud: Sutton. and
1995. The Archaeology of Disease. Stroud: Sutton. and
1952. A life table for a West Indian slave population. Population Studies 5: 238–242.
2004. Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey. The Lancet 364: 1857–1864., , , and
Robling, A. G. and Stout, S. D. 2000. Histomorphometry of human cortical bone: applications to age estimation. In and (eds.) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 187–213.
1992. The Evolution of Life Histories. Theory and Analysis. New York: Chapman and Hall.
1988. Age patterns of elderly migration: an international comparison. Demography 25: 355–370.
1995. Genetic evidence for a Pleistocene population explosion. Evolution 49: 608–615.
2005. Determining the sex of human remains through cranial morphology. Journal of Forensic Sciences 50: 493–500.
Roper, D. C. 1979. The method and theory of site catchment analysis: a review. In (ed.) Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory Vol. II. New York:Academic, pp. 119–140.
1983. Sexing immature human skeletons. Journal of Human Evolution 12: 149–155.
1981. A reassessment of demographic estimates for Pecos Pueblo. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 54: 147–151.
1994. Patriarchy, Property and Death in the Roman Family. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1951. A note on abridged life tables for Ceylon, 1900–1947. Population Studies 4: 439–443.
1983. Stable populations and skeletal age. American Antiquity 48: 489–498. and
1993. Growth deficit in survivors and non-survivors: biological mortality bias in subadult skeletal samples. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 36: 127–151. and
1993. Diaphyseal growth in a nineteenth century skeletal sample of subadults from St Thomas' Church, Belleville, Ontario. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 3: 265–281., and
1981. Estimating past population trends. Annual Review of Anthropology 10: 119–140.
1996. Measuring sex, age and death in the Roman Empire. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 21: 1–184.
Scheuer, [J.]L. and Black, S. 2000a. Development and ageing of the juvenile skeleton. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 9–21.
Scheuer, [J.]L. and Black, S. 2000b. Juvenile Developmental Osteology. London: Academic Press.
1980. The estimation of late fetal and perinatal age from limb bone length by linear and logarithmic regression. Annals of Human Biology 7: 257–265., , and
1976. Behavioral Archeology. New York: Academic Press.
2001. Paleohistopathology of bone: a new approach to the study of ancient diseases. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 44: 106–147.
1993. Sex determination of infant and juvenile skeletons. I. Morphognostic features. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 90: 199–205.
1990. Chambers English Dictionary. Edinburgh: W. and R. Chambers Ltd., , and (eds.)
1998. Human Demography and Disease. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and
1996. The plague in Penrith, Cumbria, 1597/8: its causes, biology and consequences. Annals of Human Biology 23: 1–21., and
1987. The phenomenon of famine. Annual Reviews of Nutrition 7: 1–21.
Scrimshaw, S. C. M. 1984. Infanticide in human populations: societal and individual concerns. In and (eds.) Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives. New York: Aldine, pp. 439–462.
Sealy, J. 2001. Body tissue chemistry and palaeodiet. In and (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Sciences. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 269–279.
1984. Epidemiology of Natural Disasters. Basel: Karger., and
1998. Genetic evidence for a higher female migration rate. Nature Genetics 20: 278–280., and
1997. Fertility and mode of subsistence: a phylogenetic analysis. Current Anthropology 38: 878–888. and
2004. No evidence of Neandertal mtDNA contribution to early modern humans. PLoS Biology 2: 0313–0317., , , , , , , and
1993. Who were old in the Middle Ages?Social History of Medicine 6: 313–341.
1911. A problem in age distribution. Philosophical Magazine 6: 435–438. and
1996. Seasons of death: aspects of mortality in Imperial Rome. Journal of Roman Studies 86: 100–138.
2000. Population, culture history, and the dynamics of culture change. Current Anthropology 41: 811–835.
2001. Demography and cultural innovation: a model and its implications for the emergence of modern human culture. Cambridge Journal of Archaeology 11: 5–16.
Shennan, S. 2002. Genes, Memes and Human History. Darwinian Archaeology and Cultural Evolution. London: Thames and Hudson.
1985. Doctors and Slaves: a Medical and Demographic History of Slavery in the British West Indies 1680–1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2000. Fetal age: methods of estimation and effects of pathology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 113: 305–315., , and
1994. The Differences Between the Sexes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and (eds.)
1990. Explaining biased sex ratios in human populations. Current Anthropology 31: 25–48.
2002. Paleodemography and historical demography in the context of an epidemic: plague in Provence in the eighteenth century. Population 57: 829–854., , and
1979. A competing-risk model for animal mortality. Ecology 60: 750–757.
1983. Parameters of mortality in human populations with widely varying life spans. Statistics in Medicine 2: 373–380.
Skinner, G. W. 1997. Family systems and demographic processes. In and (eds.) Anthropological Demography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 53–95.
1989. Dental development as a measure of life history in primates. Evolution 43: 683–688.
Smith, B. H. 1991. Standards of human tooth formation and dental age assessment. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental Anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 143–168.
1995. Toward a life history of the hominidae. Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 257–279. and
1994. Ages of eruption of primate teeth: a compendium for ageing individuals and comparing life histories. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 37: 177–232., and
1992. Identification of infanticide in archaeological sites: a case study from the late Roman-early Byzantine periods at Ashkelon, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science 19: 667–675. and
1960. The Cocos-Keeling Islands: a demographic laboratory. Population Studies 14: 94–130.
1996. Mohawk demography and the effects of exogenous epidemics on American Indian populations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 15: 160–182.
1991. Genetic evidence for the spread of agriculture in Europe by demic diffusion. Nature 351: 143–145., and
1989. Dental root translucency as an indicator of ageScandinavian Journal of Dental Research 97: 189–197.
Sorg, M. H., Andrews, R. P. and İsçan, M. Y. 1989. Radiographic ageing of the adult. In (ed.) Age Markers in the Human Skeleton. Springfield: Thomas, pp. 169–193.
2000. War and mortality in Kosovo, 1998–99: an epidemiological testimony. The Lancet 355: 2204–2209. and
1992. The Evolution of Life Histories. New York: Oxford University Press.
1998. Modelling paleoindian dispersals. World Archaeology 30: 286–305., and
Stewart, T. D. 1970. Identification of the scars of parturition in the skeletal remains of females. In (ed.) Personal Identification in Mass Disasters. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, pp. 127–135.
Stiner, M. C. 1991. An interspecific perspective on the emergence of the modern human predatory niche. In (ed.) Human Predators and Prey Mortality. Boulder: Westview Press, pp. 150–185.
1996. Sex determination of ancient human skeletons using DNA. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 99: 231–238., , and
1999. Analysis of ancient DNA from a prehistoric Amerindian cemetery. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 354: 143–149. and
1997. The population of ancient Rome. Antiquity 71: 966–978.
1985. An estimate of mortality in a Pre-Columbian urban population. American Anthropologist 87: 519–535.
Stringer, C. B., Dean, M. C. and Martin, R. D. 1990. A comparative study of cranial and dental development within a recent British sample and among Neandertals. In (ed.) Primate Life History and Evolution. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 115–152.
Stuart-Macadam, P. L. 1989. Nutritional deficiency diseases: a survey of scurvy, rickets and iron-deficiency anemia. In and . (eds.) Reconstructing Life from the Skeleton. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 210–222.
1992. Diet, Demography and Disease: Changing Perspectives on Anemia. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. and (eds.)
1979. Analysis of dorsal pitting in the os pubis in an extensive sample of modern American females. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 51: 517–540., , and
Suchey, J. M., Wisely, D. V. and Katz, D. 1986. Evaluation of the Todd and McKern-Stewart methods for aging the male os pubis. In (ed.) Forensic Osteology: Advances in the Identification of Human Remains. Springfield: Thomas, pp. 33–67.
1989. Population and settlement area: an example from Iran. American Anthropologist 91: 631–641.
1987. A histological study of the chronology of initial mineralization in the human deciduous dentition. Archives of Oral Biology 32: 167–174., and
1972. Child transport, family size, and increase in human population in the Neolithic. Current Anthropology 13: 258–259.
1991. Use of the ventral arc in pubic sex determination. Journal of Forensic Sciences 36: 501–511. and
1957. The dynamics of three natural populations of the deer Odocoileus hemionus columbianus. Ecology 38: 233–246. and
1997. A sensitive polymerase chain reaction method for the detection of Plasmodium species DNA in ancient human remains. Ancient Biomolecules 1: 193–203., and
2004. Absence of Yersinia pestis-specific DNA in human teeth from five European excavations of putative plague victims. Microbiology 150: 341–354., , , , , , and
1997. Aboriginal North American population and rates of decline, ca. 1500–1900. Current Anthropology 38: 310–315.
Tilly, C. 1978. Migration in modern European history. In and (eds.) Human Migration: Patterns and Policies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 48–72.
1991. Olduvai Gorge Volume IV. The Skulls, Endocasts and Teeth of Homo habilis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1920. Age changes in the pubic bone. I. The white male pubis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 3: 285–334.
1924. Cranial suture closure: its progress and age relationship. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 7: 325–384.
1977. A millennium of misery: the demography of the Icelanders. Population Studies 31: 405–427.
1994. Mitochondrial DNA ‘clock’ for the Amerinds and its implications for timing their entry into North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 91: 1158–1162., , , and
1995. Neanderthal mortality patterns. Journal of Archaeological Science 22: 121–142.
1973. Natural selection of parental ability to vary the sex ratio of offspring. Science 179: 90–92. and
1984. The Black Death: a Biological Reappraisal. London: Batsford.
1998. Non-metric trait evidence for modern human affinities and the distinctiveness of Neanderthals. Journal of Human Evolution 34: 549–554. and
1974. Reconstruction of demographic profiles from ossuary skeletal samples. A case study from the Tidewater Potomac. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology 18: 1–79.
Ubelaker, D. H. 1992. North American Indian population size: changing perspectives. In and (eds.) Disease and Demography in the Americas. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. 169–195.
2004. General and Systematic Pathology. 4th edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. (ed.)
1937. La durée de la vie chez l'homme fossile. L' Anthropologie 47: 499–532.
1983. ‘Farewell to paleodemography?’ Rumors of its death have been greatly exaggerated. Journal of Human Evolution 12: 353–360. and
1992. Disease and Demography in the Americas. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. and (eds.)
1970. Prehistoric economy in the Mount Carmel area: site catchment analysis. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 36: 1–37. and
1994. Counting the Dead: The Epidemiology of Skeletal Populations. New York: Wiley-Liss.
Walker, P. L. 1997. Wife beating, boxing and broken noses: skeletal evidence for cultural patterning of interpersonal violence. In and (eds.) Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach, pp. 145–179.
1998. Brief communication: gender and sex: vive la différence. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 106: 255–259. and
Walker, P. L., Dean, G. and Shapiro, P. 1991. Estimating age from tooth wear in archaeological populations. In and (eds.) Advances in Dental Anthropology, New York: Wiley, pp. 169–178.
1988. Age and sex biases in the preservation of human skeletal remains. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 76: 183–188., and
2003. European infectious disease and depopulation of the Wendat-Tionontate (Huron-Petun). World Archaeology 35: 258–275.
1985. Famines in historical perspective. Population and Development Review 11: 647–675. and
Watts, E. S. 1990. Evolutionary trends in primate growth and development. In (ed.) Primate Life History and Evolution. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 89–104.
2002. Y chromosome evidence for Anglo-Saxon mass migration. Molecular Biology and Evolution 19: 1008–1021., , , and
1980. Sex differences in the ilia of a known age and sex sample of fetal and infant skeletons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 52: 191–195.
1939. The duration of life of fossil man of China and the pathological lesions found in his skeleton. Chinese Medical Journal 55: 34–44.
1972. On the systematic bias in skeletal sexing. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 37: 239–250.
1973. Demographic models for anthropology. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 27 (American Antiquity 38(2): 1–186).
1982. Pliocene hominid mandibles from the Hadar Formation, Ethiopia: 1974–1977 collections. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 57: 501–544. and
Whittaker, D. 2000. Ageing from the dentition. In and (eds.) Human Osteology in Archaeology and Forensic Science. London: Greenwich Medical Media, pp. 83–99.
2000. Migration and Society in Britain 1550–1830. London: Macmillan.
2004. Life history of wild Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii). Journal of Human Evolution 47: 385–398., , , , , and
1974. A functional estimator of population from floor area. American Antiquity 39: 343–349.
1993. Origin and population structure of the Icelanders. Human Biology 65: 167–191.
1984. Natural fertility in pre-industrial England. Population Studies 38: 225–240.
1969. The census in the first century B.C. Journal of Roman Studies 59: 59–75.
2004. Tooth cementum annulation for age estimation: results from a large known-age validation study. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 123: 119–129., and
1991. Koobi Fora Research Project. Vol. IV. Hominid Cranial Remains. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
1996. The King's Army. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1994. Dynamics of Human Reproduction. Biology, Biometry, Demography. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
2003. Was the Black Death yersinial plague?The Lancet Infectious Diseases 3: 327–328. and
1992a. Hazards models for human population biology. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 35: 43–87., , , and
1992b. The osteological paradox: problems of inferring prehistoric health from skeletal remains. Current Anthropology 33: 343–370., , and
Wood, J. W., Holman, D. J., O'Connor, K. A. and Ferrell, R. J. 2002. Mortality models for paleodemography. In and Paleodemography. Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 129–168.
1966. An Introduction to English Historical Demography. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. (ed.)
1982. The anthropologies of illness and sickness. Annual Review of Anthropology 11: 257–283.
1995. Simulating the global human expansion in the Late Pleistocene. Journal of Archaeological Science 22: 89–92. and
1999. Biostatistical Analysis. 4th edition. London: Prentice Hall.
1991. The Black Death. Stroud: Sutton.
2001. Corynebacterium in ancient Egypt. Medical History 45: 267–272., , , and
2002. Molecular analysis of ancient microbial infections. FEMS Microbiology Letters 213: 141–147., , and
2004. Molecular characterisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in ancient Egyptian mummies. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14: 404–413., , , , , and
1975. Prehistoric Carrying Capacity: a Model. Menlo Park: Cummings Publishing Company.
Zubrow, E. 1989. The demographic modelling of Neanderthal extinction. In and (eds.) The Human Revolution: Behavioural and Biological Perspectives on the Origin of Modern Humans. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 212–231.