This chapter presents and discusses some of the most comprehensive data on workplaces (establishments) and jobs on federally recognized American Indian reservations. Although the distribution of workplaces across industries is similar for reservations and nearby county areas, the number of reservation workplaces per resident is about 30 percent lower. Nonetheless, the overall number of jobs located within reservations is roughly on par with or even somewhat higher than in the county comparison areas, largely due to high job counts in the gaming industry and government sector. Outcomes can vary significantly from one reservation to another within the overall group of reservations. Nonetheless, the overall pattern suggests an opportunity to expand tribal economies by diversifying their private sectors beyond the gaming and government workplaces that dominate reservation job numbers today.