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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: May 2010

Section 1 - Fundamentals of transesophageal echocardiography

References

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7. SugengL, ShernanSK, SalgoIS, et al. Live 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography initial experience using the fully-sampled matrix array probe. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008; 52: 446–9.
8. FlachskampfFA, DecoodtP, FraserAG, et al. Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology. Guidelines from the Working Group. Recommendations for performing transesophageal echocardiography. Eur J Echocardiogr 2001; 2: 8–21.
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13. MishraM, ChauhanR, SharmaKK, et al. Real-time intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography – how useful? Experience of 5,016 cases. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1998; 12: 625–32.
14. ClickR, AbelM, SchaffHV. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: 5-year prospective review of impact on surgical management. Mayo Clin Proc 2000; 75: 241–7.
15. SchmidlinD, BettexD, BernardE, et al. Transoesophageal echocardiography in cardiac and vascular surgery: implications and observer variability. Br J Anaesth 2001; 86: 497–505.
16. NowrangiSK, ConnollyHM, FreemanWK, ClickRL. Impact of intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography among patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2001; 14: 863–6.
17. IonescuAA, WestRR, ProudmanC, ButchartEG, FraserAG. Prospective study of routine perioperative transesophageal echocardiography for elective valve replacement: clinical impact and cost saving implications. J Am Soc Echocardiog 2001; 14: 659–67.
18. MoreheadAJ, FirstenbergMS, ShiotaT, et al. Intraoperative echocardiographic detection of regurgitant jets after valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69: 135–9.
19. O’RourkeDJ, PalacRT, MalenkaDJ, et al. Outcome of mild periprosthetic regurgitation detected by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 38: 163–6.
20. KawanoH, MizoguchiT, AoyagiS. Intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography for evaluation of mitral valve repair. J Heart Valve Dis 1999; 8: 287–93.
21. SaikiY, KasegawaH, KawaseM, OsadaH, OotakiE. Intraoperative TEE during mitral valve repair: does it predict early and late postoperative mitral valve dysfunction?Ann Thorac Surg 1998; 66: 1277–81.
22. GrewalKS, MalkowskiMJ, PirachaARet al. Effect of general anesthesia on the severity of mitral regurgitation by transesophageal echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 2000; 85: 199–203.
23. TingleffJ, JoyceFS, PetterssonG. Intraoperative echocardiographic study of air embolism during cardiac operations. Ann Thorac Surg 1995; 60: 673–7.
24. ChoudharySK, BhanA, SharmaR, et al. Aortic atherosclerosis and perioperative stroke in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass: role of intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography. Int J Cardiol 1997; 67: 31–8.
25. BonowRO, CarabelloBA, ChatterjeeK, et al. 2008 Focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2008; 118: e523–661.
26. QuiñonesMA, DouglasPS, FosterE, et al. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association clinical competence statement on echocardiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians–American Society of Internal Medicine Task Force on Clinical Competence. Circulation 2003; 107: 1068–89.
27. NihoyannopoulosP, FoxK, FraserA, PintoF. EAE laboratory standards and accreditation. Eur J Echocardiogr 2007; 8: 80–7.
28. EvangelistaA, FlachskampfF, LancellottiP, et al. European Association of Echocardiography. European Association of Echocardiography recommendations for standardization of performance, digital storage and reporting of echocardiographic studies. Eur J Echocardiogr 2008; 9: 438–48.
29. CahalanMK, FosterE. Training in transesophageal echocardiography: in the lab or in the job?Anesth Analg 1995; 81: 217–18.
30. SavageRM, LicinaMG, KochCG, et al. Educational program for intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 1995; 81: 399–403.
31. ShanewiseJS, CheungAT, AronsonS, et al. ASE/SCA guidelines for performing a comprehensive intraoperative multiplane transesophageal echocardiography examination: recommendations of the ASE Council for intraoperative echocardiography and the SCA Task Force for certification in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 1999; 89: 870–84.
32. CahalanMK, AbelM, GoldmanM, et al. American Society of Echocardiography and Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists task force guidelines for training in perioperative echocardiography. Anesth Analg 2002; 94: 1384–8.
33. FoxK, PopescuBA, JaniszewskiS, et al. Report on the European Association of Echocardiography Accreditations in Echocardiography: December 2003–September 2006. Eur J Echocardiogr 2007; 8: 74–9.

References

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Further reading

FeigenbaumH, ArmstrongWF, RyanT. Feigenbaum’s Echocardiography, 6th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2004.
HedrickWR, HykesDL, StarchmanDE. Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation, 4th edn. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby, 2005.
OttoCM. Textbook of Clinical Echocardiography, 3rd edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2004.

References

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3. PoterackKA. Who uses transesophageal echocardiography in the operating room?Anesth Analg 1995; 80: 454–8.
4. DanielWG, ErbelR, KasperW, et al. Safety of transesophageal echocardiography: a multicenter survey of 10,419 examinations. Circulation 1991; 83: 817–21.
5. ShernanSK. Safety of intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. In: KonstadtSN, ShernanS, OkaY, eds., Clinical Transesophageal Echocardiography: a Problem-Oriented Approach, 2nd edn. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003: 25–36.
6. KallmeyerIJ, CollardCD, FoxJA, et al. The safety of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: a case series of 7200 cardiac surgical patients. Anesth Analg 2001; 92: 1126–30.
7. GendreauMA, TrinerWR, BartfieldJ. Complications of transesophageal echocardiography in the ED. Am J Emerg Med 1999; 17: 248–51.
8. BlondheimDS, LeviD, MarmorAT. Mild sedation before transesophageal echo induces significant hemodynamic respiratory depression. Echocardiography 2004; 21: 241–5.
9. FlachskampfFA, DecoodtP, FraserAG, et al. Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology. Guidelines from the Working Group. Recommendations for performing transesophageal echocardiography. Eur J Echocardiogr 2001; 2: 8–21.
10. StewartWJ. Willie Sutton and the completeness and priorities of the Ideal Transoesophageal Echo Study in the year 2001. Eur J Echocardiogr 2001; 2: 6–7.
11. NihoyannopoulosP, FoxK, FraserA, PintoF. EAE laboratory standards and accreditation. Eur J Echocardiogr 2007; 8: 80–7.
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20. St-PierreJ, FortierLP, CoutureP, HébertY. Massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage after transoesophageal echocardiography probe insertion. Can J Anaesth 1998; 54: 1196–9.
21. KiharaS, MizutaniT, ShimizuT, ToyookaH. Bleeding from a tear in the gastric mucosa caused by transoesophageal echocardiography during cardiac surgery: effective haemostasis by endoscopic argon plasma coagulation. Br J Anaesth 1999; 82: 948–50.
22. OlenchockSA, LukaszczykJJ, ReedJ, ThemanTE. Splenic injury after intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 72: 2141–3.
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30. JanelleGM, LobatoEB, TangY. An unusual complication of transesophageal echocardiography. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1999; 13: 233–4.
31. BenskyA, O’BrienW, HammonJ. Transesophageal echo probe compression of an aberrant right subclavian artery. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1995; 8: 964–6.
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References

1. DanielWG, ErbelR, KasperW, et al. Safety of transesophageal echocardiography: a multicenter survey of 10,419 examinations. Circulation 1991; 83: 817–21.
2. ShanewiseJS, CheungAT, AronsonS, et al. ASE/SCA guidelines for performing a comprehensive intraoperative multiplane transesophageal echocardiography examination: recommendations of the ASE Council for intraoperative echocardiography and the SCA Task Force for certification in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 1999; 89: 870–84.
3. CerqueiraMD, WeissmanNJ, DilsizianV, et al. Standardized myocardial segmentation and nomenclature for tomographic imaging of the heart: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Cardiac Imaging Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology of the American Heart Association. Circulation 2002; 105: 539–42
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10. StewartWJ. Willie Sutton and the completeness and priorities of the Ideal Transoesophageal Echo Study in the year 2001. Eur J Echocardiogr 2001; 2: 6–7.

References

1. ShanewiseJS, CheungAT, AronsonS, et al. ASE/SCA guidelines for performing a comprehensive intraoperative multiplane transesophageal echocardiography examination: recommendations of the ASE Council for intraoperative echocardiography and the SCA Task Force for certification in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 1999; 89: 870–84.
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3. LambertAS, MillerJP, MerrickSH, et al. Improved evaluation of the location and mechanism of mitral valve regurgitation with a systematic TEE examination. Anesth Analg 1999; 88: 1205–12.

Further reading

1. SavageRM, AronsonS, eds. Comprehensive Textbook of Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005: 65–93.
2. ZoghbiWA, Enriquez-SaranoM, FosterE, et al. Recommendations for evaluation of the severity of native valvular regurgitation with two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2003; 16: 777–802.

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