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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: September 2016

Chapter 2 - Complications in endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms: prevention and bailout techniques

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12.Qureshi, AI, Suri, MF, Khan, J, et al. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms by using Guglielmi detachable coils in awake patients: safety and feasibility. Journal of Neurosurgery 2001;94:880–5.
13.Cronqvist, M, Wirestam, R, Ramgren, B, et al. Diffusion and perfusion MRI in patients with ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms treated by endovascular coiling: complications, procedural results, MR findings and clinical outcome. Neuroradiology 2005;47:855–73.
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16.White, JB, Ken, CG, Cloft, HJ, Kallmes, DF. Coils in a nutshell: a review of coil physical properties. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2008;29:1242–6.
17.Cloft, HJ, Kallmes, DF. Cerebral aneurysm perforations complicating therapy with Guglielmi detachable coils: a meta-analysis. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2002;23:1706–9.
18.Tummala, RP, Chu, RM, Madison, MT, et al. Outcomes after aneurysm rupture during endovascular coil embolization. Neurosurgery 2001;49:1059–66; discussion 66–7.
19.Khatri, R, Chaudhry, SA, Rodriguez, GJ, et al. Frequency and factors associated with unsuccessful lead (first) coil placement in patients undergoing coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery 2013;72:452–8; discussion 8.
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21.Luo, CB, Chang, FC, Teng, MM, Guo, WY, Chang, CY. Stent management of coil herniation in embolization of internal carotid aneurysms. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2008;29:1951–5.
22.Abdihalim, M, Kim, SH, Maud, A et al. Short- and intermediate-term angiographic and clinical outcomes of patients with various grades of coil protrusions following embolization of intracranial aneurysms. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2011;32:1392–8.
23.Pelz, DM, Lownie, SP, Fox, AJ. Thromboembolic events associated with the treatment of cerebral aneurysms with Guglielmi detachable coils. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 1998;19:1541–7.
24.Lanzino, G, Wakhloo, AK, Fessler, RD, et al. Efficacy and current limitations of intravascular stents for intracranial internal carotid, vertebral, and basilar artery aneurysms. Journal of Neurosurgery 1999;91:538–46.
25.Fessler, RD, Ringer, AJ, Qureshi, AI, Guterman, LR, Hopkins, LN. Intracranial stent placement to trap an extruded coil during endovascular aneurysm treatment: technical note. Neurosurgery 2000;46:248–51; discussion 51–3.
26.Dinc, H, Kuzeyli, K, Kosucu, P, Sari, A, Cekirge, S. Retrieval of prolapsed coils during endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms. Neuroradiology 2006;48:269–72.
27.Kwon, OK, Kim, SH, Kwon, BJ, et al. Endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms by using two microcatheters: techniques and outcomes in 25 patients. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2005;26:894900.
28.Fourie, P, Duncan, IC. Microsnare-assisted mechanical removal of intraprocedural distal middle cerebral arterial thromboembolism. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2003;24:630–2.
29.Khatri, R, Cordina, SM, Hassan, AE, Grigoryan, M, Rodriguez, GJ. Sequential sidelong balloon remodeling technique in coil embolization of a wide-necked basilar tip aneurysm. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology 2013;6:79.
30.Sugiu, K, Martin, JB, Jean, B, Rufenacht, DA. Rescue balloon procedure for an emergency situation during coil embolization for cerebral aneurysms. Technical note. Journal of Neurosurgery 2002;96:373–6.
31.Tong, FC, Cloft, HJ, Dion, JE. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with Guglielmi Detachable Coils: emphasis on new techniques. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2000;7:244–53.
32.Liu, KC, Ding, D, Starke, RM, Geraghty, SR, Jensen, ME. Intraprocedural retrieval of migrated coils during endovascular aneurysm treatment with the Trevo Stentriever device. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2014;21:503–6.
33.Henkes, H, Lowens, S, Preiss, H, et al. A new device for endovascular coil retrieval from intracranial vessels: alligator retrieval device. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2006;27:327–9.
34.Fiorella, D, Kelly, ME, Moskowitz, S, Masaryk, TJ. Delayed symptomatic coil migration after initially successful balloon-assisted aneurysm coiling: technical case report. Neurosurgery 2009;64:E391–2; discussion E2.
35.Haraguchi, K, Houkin, K, Nonaka, T, Baba, T. Delayed thromboembolic infarction associated with reconfiguration of Guglielmi detachable coils–case report. Neurologia Medico-chirurgica (Tokyo) 2007;47:7982.
36.Banerjee, AD, Guimaraens, L, Cuellar, H. Asymptomatic delayed coil migration from an intracranial aneurysm: a case report. Case Reports in Vascular Medicine 2011;2011:901925.
37.Gao, BL, Li, MH, Wang, YL, Fang, C. Delayed coil migration from a small wide-necked aneurysm after stent-assisted embolization: case report and literature review. Neuroradiology 2006;48:333–7.
38.Hopf-Jensen, S, Hensler, HM, Preiss, M, Muller-Hulsbeck, S. Solitaire(R) stent for endovascular coil retrieval. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2013;20:884–6.
39.Wang, C, Xie, X. Treatment of an unraveled intracerebral coil. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions: Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions 2010;76:746–50.
40.Qureshi, AI, Luft, AR, Sharma, M, Guterman, LR, Hopkins, LN. Prevention and treatment of thromboembolic and ischemic complications associated with endovascular procedures: Part II–Clinical aspects and recommendations. Neurosurgery 2000;46:1360–75; discussion 75–6.
41.Raschke, RA, Reilly, BM, Guidry, JR, Fontana, JR, Srinivas, S. The weight-based heparin dosing nomogram compared with a “standard care” nomogram. A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 1993;119:874–81.
42.Jeong, HW, Jin, SC. Intra-arterial infusion of a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist for the treatment of thromboembolism during coil embolization of intracranial aneurysm: a comparison of Abciximab and tirofiban. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2013;34:1621–5.
43.Aggour, M, Pierot, L, Kadziolka, K, Gomis, P, Graftieaux, JP. Abciximab treatment modalities for thromboembolic events related to aneurysm coiling. Neurosurgery 2010;67:503–8.
44.Ries, T, Siemonsen, S, Grzyska, U, Zeumer, H, Fiehler, J. Abciximab is a safe rescue therapy in thromboembolic events complicating cerebral aneurysm coil embolization: single center experience in 42 cases and review of the literature. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2009;40:1750–7.
45.Moret, J, Cognard, C, Weill, A, Castaings, L, Rey, A. The “Remodelling Technique” in the treatment of wide neck intracranial aneurysms. angiographic results and clinical follow-up in 56 cases. Interventional Neuroradiology: Journal of Peritherapeutic Neuroradiology, Surgical Procedures and Related Neurosciences 1997;3:2135.
46.Sluzewski, M, van Rooij, WJ, Beute, GN, Nijssen, PC. Balloon-assisted coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms: incidence, complications, and angiography results. Journal of Neurosurgery 2006;105:396–9.
47.Pierot, L, Spelle, L, Vitry, F, Investigators, A. Immediate clinical outcome of patients harboring unruptured intracranial aneurysms treated by endovascular approach: results of the ATENA study. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2008;39:2497–504.
48.Baldi, S, Mounayer, C, Piotin, M, Spelle, L, Moret, J. Balloon-assisted coil placement in wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms by use of a new, compliant balloon microcatheter. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2003;24:1222–5.
49.Higashida, RT, Smith, W, Gress, D, et al. Intravascular stent and endovascular coil placement for a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of the basilar artery. Case report and review of the literature. Journal of Neurosurgery 1997;87:944–9.
50.Kim, BM, Kim, DJ, Kim, DI. Stent application for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. Neurointervention 2011;6:5370.
51.Krischek, O, Miloslavski, E, Fischer, S, Shrivastava, S, Henkes, H. A comparison of functional and physical properties of self-expanding intracranial stents [Neuroform3, Wingspan, Solitaire, Leo+, Enterprise]. Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery: MIN 2011;54:21–8.
52.Biondi, A, Janardhan, V, Katz, JM, et al. Neuroform stent-assisted coil embolization of wide-neck intracranial aneurysms: strategies in stent deployment and midterm follow-up. Neurosurgery 2007;61:460–8; discussion 8–9.
53.Tahtinen, OI, Vanninen, RL, Manninen, HI, et al. Wide-necked intracranial aneurysms: treatment with stent-assisted coil embolization during acute (<72 hours) subarachnoid hemorrhage–experience in 61 consecutive patients. Radiology 2009;253:199208.
54.Piotin, M, Blanc, R, Spelle, L, et al. Stent-assisted coiling of intracranial aneurysms: clinical and angiographic results in 216 consecutive aneurysms. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2010;41:110–5.
55.Connolly, ES Jr., Rabinstein, AA, Carhuapoma, JR, et al. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2012;43:1711–37.
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57.Piske, RL, Kanashiro, LH, Paschoal, E, et al. Evaluation of Onyx HD-500 embolic system in the treatment of 84 wide-neck intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery 2009;64:E865–75; discussion E75.
58.Simon, SD, Lopes, DK, Mericle, RA. Use of intracranial stenting to secure unstable liquid embolic casts in wide-neck sidewall intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery 2010;66:92–7; discussion 7–8.
59.Colby, GP, Lin, LM, Huang, J, Tamargo, RJ, Coon, AL. Utilization of the Navien distal intracranial catheter in 78 cases of anterior circulation aneurysm treatment with the Pipeline embolization device. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery 2013;5 Suppl 3:iii1621.
60.Crowley, RW, Abla, AA, Ducruet, AF, McDougall, CG, Albuquerque, FC. Novel application of a balloon-anchoring technique for the realignment of a prolapsed Pipeline Embolization Device: a technical report. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery 2014;6:439–44.
61.Hauck, EF, Natarajan, SK, Langer, DJ, et al. Retrograde trans-posterior communicating artery snare-assisted rescue of lost access to a foreshortened pipeline embolization device: complication management. Neurosurgery 2010;67:495502.
62.Murthy, SB, Shah, S, Shastri, A, et al. The SILK flow diverter in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2014;21:203–6.
63.Briganti, F, Napoli, M, Tortora, F, et al. Italian multicenter experience with flow-diverter devices for intracranial unruptured aneurysm treatment with periprocedural complications–a retrospective data analysis. Neuroradiology 2012;54:1145–52.
64.Kan, P, Siddiqui, AH, Veznedaroglu, E, et al. Early postmarket results after treatment of intracranial aneurysms with the pipeline embolization device: a U.S. multicenter experience. Neurosurgery 2012;71:1080–7; discussion 7–8.
65.Becske, T, Kallmes, DF, Saatci, I, et al. Pipeline for uncoilable or failed aneurysms: results from a multicenter clinical trial. Radiology 2013;267:858–68.
66.Cohen, JE, Gomori, JM, Moscovici, S, Leker, RR, Itshayek, E. Delayed complications after flow-diverter stenting: Reactive in-stent stenosis and creeping stents. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2014;21:1116–22.
67.Ioannidis, I, Lalloo, S, Corkill, R, Kuker, W, Byrne, JV. Endovascular treatment of very small intracranial aneurysms. Journal of Neurosurgery 2010;112:551–6.
68.Brinjikji, W, Lanzino, G, Cloft, HJ, Rabinstein, A, Kallmes, DF. Endovascular treatment of very small (3 mm or smaller) intracranial aneurysms: report of a consecutive series and a meta-analysis. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2010;41:116–21.
69.Nguyen, TN, Raymond, J, Guilbert, F, et al. Association of endovascular therapy of very small ruptured aneurysms with higher rates of procedure-related rupture. Journal of Neurosurgery 2008;108:1088–92.
70.Lim, YC, Kim, BM, Shin, YS, Kim, SY, Chung, J. Structural limitations of currently available microcatheters and coils for endovascular coiling of very small aneurysms. Neuroradiology 2008;50:423–7.
71.Greving, JP, Wermer, MJH, Brown, RD, et al. Development of the PHASES score for prediction of risk of rupture of intracranial aneurysms: a pooled analysis of six prospective cohort studies. The Lancet Neurology 2014;13:5966.
72.Saito, A, Fujimura, M, Inoue, T, Shimizu, H, Tominaga, T. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 and matrix metalloproteinase expression in ruptured and unruptured multiple dissections of distal middle cerebral artery: case report. Acta Neurochirurgica 2010;152:1235–40.
73.Bradac, GB, Bergui, M. Endovascular treatment of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms. Neuroradiology 2004;46:1006–11.
74.Isokangas, JM, Siniluoto, T, Tikkakoski, T, Kumpulainen, T. Endovascular treatment of peripheral aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2008;29:1783–8.
75.Baltacioglu, F, Cekirge, S, Saatci, I, et al. Distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Endovascular treatment results with literature review. Interventional Neuroradiology: Journal of Peritherapeutic Neuroradiology, Surgical Procedures and Related Neurosciences 2002;8:399407.
76.Zhao, PC, Li, J, He, M, You, C. Infectious intracranial aneurysm: endovascular treatment with onyx case report and review of the literature. Neurology India 2010;58:131–4.
77.Albuquerque, FC, Gonzalez, LF, Hu, YC, Newman, CB, McDougall, CG. Transcirculation endovascular treatment of complex cerebral aneurysms: technical considerations and preliminary results. Neurosurgery 2011;68:820–9; discussion 9–30.
78.Arat, A, Cil, B. Double-balloon remodeling of wide-necked aneurysms distal to the circle of Willis. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2005;26:1768–71.
79.Kim, BM, Kim, DI, Park, SI, et al. Coil embolization of unruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery 2011;68:346–53; discussion 53–4.
80.Saatci, I, Geyik, S, Yavuz, K, Cekirge, S. X-configured stent-assisted coiling in the endovascular treatment of complex anterior communicating artery aneurysms: a novel reconstructive technique. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2011;32:E113–7.
81.Khatri, R, Rodriguez, GJ, Siddiq, F, Tummala, RP. Early migration of a self-expanding intracranial stent after the treatment of a basilar trunk aneurysm: report of a second case. Neurosurgery 2011;69:E513–5; author reply E5–7.
82.Rodriguez, GJ, Maud, A, Taylor, RA. Another delayed migration of an enterprise stent. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2009;30:E57.
83.Raymond, J, Guilbert, F, Weill, A, et al. Long-term angiographic recurrences after selective endovascular treatment of aneurysms with detachable coils. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2003;34:1398–403.
84.Naggara, ON, White, PM, Guilbert, F, et al. Endovascular treatment of intracranial unruptured aneurysms: systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on safety and efficacy. Radiology 2010;256:887–97.
85.Li, MH, Gao, BL, Fang, C, et al. Angiographic follow-up of cerebral aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils: an analysis of 162 cases with 173 aneurysms. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 2006;27:1107–12.
86.Sluzewski, M, van Rooij, WJ, Rinkel, GJ, Wijnalda, D. Endovascular treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms with detachable coils: long-term clinical and serial angiographic results. Radiology 2003;227:720–4.
87.Sluzewski, M, van Rooij, WJ, Slob, MJ, et al. Relation between aneurysm volume, packing, and compaction in 145 cerebral aneurysms treated with coils. Radiology 2004;231:653–8.
88.Abdihalim, M, Watanabe, M, Chaudhry, SA, et al. Are coil compaction and aneurysmal growth two distinct etiologies leading to recurrence following endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysm? Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 2013;24:171–5.
89.Wakhloo, AK, Gounis, MJ, Sandhu, JS, et al. Complex-shaped platinum coils for brain aneurysms: higher packing density, improved biomechanical stability, and midterm angiographic outcome. American Journal of Neuroradiology 2007;28:1395–400.
90.Plowman, RS, Clarke, A, Clarke, M, Byrne, JV. Sixteen-year single-surgeon experience with coil embolization for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: recurrence rates and incidence of late rebleeding. Clinical article. Journal of Neurosurgery 2011;114:863–74.
91.Byrne, JV, Sohn, MJ, Molyneux, AJ, Chir, B. Five-year experience in using coil embolization for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: outcomes and incidence of late rebleeding. Journal of Neurosurgery 1999;90:656–63.
92.Sluzewski, M, van Rooij, WJ. Early rebleeding after coiling of ruptured cerebral aneurysms: incidence, morbidity, and risk factors. American Journal of Neuroradiology 2005;26:1739–43.
93.Ferns, SP, Sprengers, ME, van Rooij, WJ, et al. Late reopening of adequately coiled intracranial aneurysms: frequency and risk factors in 400 patients with 440 aneurysms. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2011;42:1331–7.