Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2017

25 - Emergency Surgical Airway

from Section 4 - The Unanticipated Difficult Airway
1.Davies, S, Ananthanarayan, C, Castro, C. Asymptomatic lingual tonsillar hypertrophy and difficult airway management: a report of three cases. Can J Anesth 2001; 48: 1020–4.
2.Schroeder, K, Becker, A, Guite, C, Arndt, G. Severe lingual tonsillar hypertrophy and the rationale supporting early use of wire-guided retrograde intubation. Saudi J Anaesth 2010; 4: 102–4.
3.Henderson, JJ, Popat, MT, Latto, IP, et al. Difficult Airway Society guidelines for management of the unanticipated difficult intubation. Anaesthesia 2004; 59: 675–94.
4.Law, JA, Broemling, N, Cooper, RM, et al. The difficult airway with recommendations for management – Part 1 – Difficult tracheal intubation encountered in an unconscious/induced patient. Can J Anesth 2013; 60: 1089–18.
5.Apfelbaum, JL, Hagberg, CA, Caplan, RA, et al. Practice guidelines for the management of the difficult airway: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway. Anesthesiology 2013; 118:251–70.
6.Cook, TM, Woondall, N, Frerk, C. Fourth National Audit Project. Major complications of airway management in the UK: results of the Fourth National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and the Difficult Airway Society. Part 1: Anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 2011; 106: 617–31.
7.Peterson, GN, Domino, KB, Caplan, RA, et al. Management of the difficult airway – A closed claims analysis. Anesthesiology 2005; 103: 33–9.
8.Kheterpal, S, Martin, L, Shanks, AM, et al. Prediction and outcomes of impossible mask ventilation. Anesthesiology 2009; 110: 891–7.
9.McClelland, RM. Complications of tracheostomy. BMJ 1965; 2: 567–9.
10.Hamaekers, AE, Henderson, JJ. Equipment and strategies for emergency tracheal access in the adult patient. Anaesthesia 2011; 66(2): 6580.
11.Mace, SE. Cricothyrotomy. J Emerg Med 1988; 6: 309–19.
12.Dover, K, Howdieshell, TR, Colborn, GL. The dimensions and vascular anatomy of the cricothyroid membrane: relevance to emergent surgical airway access. Clin Anatomy 1996; 9: 291–5.
13.Heard, AMB, Green, RJ, Eakins, P. The formulations and introduction of a “can't intubate, can't ventilate” algorithm into clinical practice. Anaesthesia 2009; 64: 601–8.
14.Wong, DT, Lai, K, Chung, FF, et al. Cannot intubate – cannot ventilate and difficult intubation strategies: results of a Canadian national survey. Anesth Analg 2005; 100:1439–46.
15.Latif, R, Chhabra, N, Ziegler, C, et al. Teaching the surgical airway using fresh cadavers and confirming placement nonsurgically. J Clin Anesth 2010; 22: 598602.
16.Wong, DT, Prabhu, AJ, Coloma, M, et al. What is the minimum training required for successful cricothyroidotomy? A study in mannequins. Anesthesiology 2003; 98: 349–53.
17.Kuduvalli, PM, Jervis, A, Tighe, SQ, et al. Unanticipated difficult airway management in anaesthetized patients: a prospective study of the effect of mannequin training on management strategies and skill retention. Anaesthesia 2008; 63: 364–9.
18.Elliott, DS, Baker, PA, Scott, MR, et al. Accuracy of surface landmark indentification for cricothyrodotomy. Anaesthesia 2010; 65: 889–94.
19.Aslani, A, Ng, SC, Hurley, M, et al. Accuracy of identification of the cricothyroid membrane in female subjects using palpation: an observational study. Anesth Analg 2012; 114: 987–92.