Skip to main content Accessibility help
The Cave of Fontéchevade

Book description

Summary of the discoveries made during the course of excavations at the Paleolithic cave site of Fontéchevade, France, between 1994 and 1998. The excavation team address major problems raised by earlier excavations at the site from 1937 to 1954. These earlier excavations produced two sets of problematic data : first, the Lower Paleolithic stone tool industry, the Tayacian, that differs in fundamental ways from other contemporary industries, second, the human skull fragment that has been interpreted as modern in nature but that apparently dates from the last interglacial, long before there is any evidence for humans from any other site in Europe. By applying modern stratigraphic, lithic, faunal, geological, geophysical, and radiometric analyses, the interdisciplinary team demonstrates that the Tayacian 'industry' is a product of site formation processes and that the actual age of the Fontéchevade I fossil is compatible with other evidence for the arrival of modern humans in Europe.


'The publication of [The Cave of] Fontechevade is a chronicle of both the value and the difficulty of reanalyzing material from early excavations. This study makes clear the importance of pairing studies of museum collections with renewed fieldwork, even if this fieldwork is on a modest scale. The results have removed the Fontechevade fossils from their position as early evidence of modern human morphology in Europe and delivered a serious blow to the concept of the Tayacian. At the same time, the study presents Fontechevade as a significant site for understanding site formation processes and hominin behaviour in the Middle Paleolithic and makes it clear that the research potential of the site is far from exhausted.'

Michael Chazan Source: Geoarchaeology: An International Journal

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Abbazzi, L., Fanfani, F., Ferretti, M. P., Rook, L., Cattani, L., Masini, F., Mellegni, F., Negrino, F., and Tozzi, C.. 2000. New human remains of archaic Homo sapiens and Lower Palaeolithic industries from Visogliano (Duino Aurisina, Trieste, Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science 27: 1173–1186.
Alimen, H. 1958. Les formations quaternaire autour de Fontéchevade. Archives de l'Institut de Paléontologie Humaine Mémoire 29: 164–184.
Amick, D. and Mauldin, R., (eds.). 1989. Experiments in Lithic Technology. British Archaeological Reports, Oxford.
Arambourg, C. 1958. Les gros mammifères des couches tayaciennes. Archives de l'Institut de Paléontologie HumaineMémoire 29: 185–229.
Ballesio, R. 1979. Le gisement pléistocène supérieur de la grotte de Jaurens à Nespouls, Corrèze, France: Les carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora). 1. Canidae et Hyenidae. Nouvelles Archives du Museum d'Histoire naturelle de Lyon 17: 56–65.
Banerjee, S. K. 1996. Sediment reveals early Holocene climate change in China. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 77: 3 and 5.
Bastin, B. 1976. Etude palynologique des couches E2, D et Bs de la grotte de Fontéchevade (Charente, France). Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Anthropologie et de Préhistoire de Bruxelles 87: 15–27.
Baumler, M. 1988. Core reduction, flake production, and the Middle Paleolithic industry of Zobiste (Yugoslavia). In Upper Pleistocene Prehistory of Western Eurasia, edited by Dibble, H. L. and Montet-White, A., pp. 255–274. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Behm, J. A. 1983. Flake concentrations: Distinguishing between flintworking activity areas and secondary deposits. Lithics Technology 12: 9–16.
Behrensmeyer, A. K. and Hill, A. P.. 1980. Fossils in the Making: Vertebrate Taphonomy and Paleoecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Benn, D. I. 1994. Fabric shape and the interpretation of sedimentary fabric data. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 64: 910–915.
Biberson, P. 1961. Le Paleolithique Inferieur du Maroc Atlantique. Public Service des Antiquites du Maroc 17, Rabat.
Bon, F. and Bodu, P.. 2002. Analyse technologique du débitage aurignacien. In L'Aurignacien de la Grotte du Renne: Les fouilles d'André Leroi-Gourhan à Arcy sur Cure (Yonne), edited by Schmider, B., pp. 115–133. Gallia Préhistoire, XXXIVe Supplément, Paris.
Bonatti, E. 1966. North Mediterranean climate during the last Würm glaciation. Nature 209: 984–985.
Bonifay, M. F. 1971. Carnivores quaternaires du Sud-Est de la France. Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, Mémoires, série C 21: 43–377.
Bonnichsen, R. and Sorg, M. H., (eds.). 1989. Bone Modification. Center for the Study of the First Americans, Institute of Quaternary Studies, University of Maine, Orono.
Bordes, F. 1947. Étude comparative des différentes techniques de taille du silex et des roches dures. L'Anthropologie 51: 1–29.
Bordes, F.. 1952. Stratigraphie du loess et évolution des industries paléolithiques dans l'ouest du bassin de Paris. II. Évolution des industries Paléolithiques. L'Anthropologie 56: 405–452.
Bordes, F.. 1953. Essai de classification des industries ‘moustériennes’. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 50: 457–466.
Bordes, F.. 1961. Typologie du Paléolithique Ancien et Moyen. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
Bordes, F.. 1984. Leçons sur le Paléolithique, Tome I. Notions de Géologie Quaternaire. Cahiers du Qaternaire No. 7 (CNRS), Paris.
Bordes, F. and Bourgon, M.. 1951. Le complexe Mousterien: Mousterien, Levalloisien et Tayacien. L'Anthropologie 55: 1–23.
Bordes, J.-G. 2005. La séquence aurignacienne du nord de l'Aquitaine: Variabilité des productions lamellaires à Camindade-Est, Robib-89844-Combe, Le Piage et Corbiac-Vignoble II. In Productions lamellaires attribuées à l'Aurignacien: Chaînes opératoires et perspectives technoculturelles. XIVe Congrès de l'UISPP, Liège, 2–8 septembre 2001, pp. 123–154. Archéologiques 1, Luxembourg.
Bordes, J.-G. and Bon, F.. Unpublished. Analyse techno-typologique de l'industrie lithique de la grotte Dufour (Corrèze, France): Anciennes fouilles, nouvelles données. Paper presented at the international colloquiumEl Centenario de la Cueva de El Castillo: El Ocaso de los Neandertales, Santoña, September, 18–20 2003.
Bottema, S. 1994. The prehistoric environment of Greece: A review of the palynological record. In Beyond the Site: Regional Studies in the Aegean Area, edited by Kardulias, P. N., pp. 45–68. University Press of America, Lanham, Maryland.
Bourdier, F. 1967. Préhistoire de France. Flammarion, Paris.
Bourgon, M. 1957. Les industries mousteriennes et pre-mousterniennes du Perigord. Archives de l'Institut de Paleontologie Humaine Memoire 27. Masson, Paris.
Bouvier, J.-M., Cremades, M., and Duport, L.. 1987. L'abri Paignon à Montgaudier (Montbron, Charente). Art et industrie, analogies et relations. Préhistoire de Poitou-Charentes. Problèmes actuels. Editions du CTHS, Paris.
Brace, C. L. 1964. The fate of the ‘Classic’ Neanderthals: A consideration of hominid catastrophism. Current Anthropology 5: 3–43.
Brain, C. K. 1967. Hottentot food remains and their meaning in the interpretation of fossil bone assemblages. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station 32: 1–11.
Brain, C. K.. 1969. The Contribution of the Namib Desert Hottentots to an Understanding of Australopithecine Bone Accumulations. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station39.
Brain, C. K.. 1981. The Hunters or the Hunted?University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Brain, C. K.. 1985. Interpreting early hominid death assemblages: The rise of taphonomy since 1925. In Hominid Evolution: Past, Present, and Future, edited by Tobias, P. V., pp. 41–46. Alan R. Liss, New York.
Brennan, B. J., Schwarcz, H. P., and Rink, W. J.. 1997. Simulation of the gamma radiation field in lumpy environments. Radiation Measurements 27: 299–306.
Breuil, H. 1932. Les industries à éclat du Paléolithique ancien, I: Le Clactonien. Préhistoire 1: 125–190.
Breuil, H. and Lantier, R.. 1959. Les Hommes de la Pierre Ancienne. Payout, Paris.
Bunn, H. T. 1983. Comparative analysis of modern bone assemblages from a San hunter-gatherer camp in the Kalahari Desert, Botswana, and from a spotted hyena den near Nairobi, Kenya. In Animals and Archaeology 1. Hunters and their Prey, edited by Clutton-Brock, J. and Grigson, C., pp. 143–148. B.A.R. International Series S163, Oxford.
Byers, A. M. 1994. Symboling and the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition: A theoretical and methodological critique. Current Anthropology 35: 369–400.
Byers, A. M.. 1999. Communication and material culture: Pleistocene tools as action cues. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 9: 23–41.
Chaline, J. 1972. Le Quaternaire: L'Histoire humaine dans son environnement. Doin, Paris.
Chase, P. G. 1991. Symbols and Paleolithic artifacts: Style, standardization, and the imposition of arbitrary form. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 10: 193–214.
Chase, P. G.. 2006. The Emergence of Culture: Evolution of a Uniquely Human Way of Life. Springer, New York.
Chase, P. G., Debénath, A., Dibble, H. L., McPherron, S. P., Schwarcz, H. P., and Stafford, T. W. J.. 2007. New dates for the Fontéchevade (Charente, France) Homo remains. Journal of Human Evolution 52: 217–221.
Chase, P. G. and Dibble, H. L.. 1987. Middle Paleolithic symbolism: A review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6: 263–296.
Chiotti, L. 2000. Lamelles Dufour et grattoirs aurignaciens (carénés et à museau) de la couche 8 de l'abri Pataud, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne. L'Anthropologie 104: 239–263.
Chiotti, L.. 2003. Les productions lamellaires dans l'Aurignacien de l'abri Pataud, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne. Gallia Préhistoire 45: 113–156.
Chiotti, L.. 2006. La production d'éclats dans l'Aurignacien ancien de l'abri Pataud, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne. In Actes de la Table ronde ‘Autour des concepts de Protoaurignacien, d'Aurignacien initial et ancien: Unité et variabilité des comportements techniques des premiers groupes d'hommes modernes dans le Sud de la France et le Nord de l'Espagne’, Toulouse, 27 février-1er mars 2003. Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie I, Prehistoria y Arqueología, Madrid 15: 195–214.
Clark, G. A. 1988. Some thoughts on the Black Skull: An archaeologist's assessment of WT-17000 (A. boisei) and systematics in human paleontology. American Anthropologist 90: 357–371.
Clot, A. 1980. La grotte de la Carrière (Gerde, Hautes-Pyrénées). Stratigraphie, et paléontologie des carnivores. Thèse, 3ème cycle, Université Paul Sabatier.
Commont, V. 1910. Les différents niveaux de l'industrie de l'Age du Renne dans les limons du Nord de la France. Congrès Préhistorique de France, Tours.
Commont, V.. 1913. Les hommes contemporains du renne dans la vallée de la Somme. Memoire de la Societe des Antiquaires de Picardie 7: 207–646.
Corruccini, R. S. 1975. Metrical analysis of Fontéchevade II. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 42: 95–98.
Cruz-Uribe, K. 1991. Distinguishing hyena from hominid bone alterations. Journal of Field Archaeology 18: 467–486.
Dart, R. A. 1957. The Osteodontokeratic Culture of Australopithecus prometheus. Transvaal Museum Memoirs, no. 10, Pretoria.
Darwin, R. L., Ferring, C. R., and Ellwood, B. B.. 1990, Geoelectric stratigraphy and subsurface evaluation of Quaternary deposits at Cooper Basin, northeast Texas, Geoarchaeology 5: 53–79.
David, P. 1933. Communication. Bulletin et mémoires de la Société Archéologique et Historique de la Charente 23: 84–86.
Debénath, A. 1969. Le gisement prehistorique de La-Chaise-de-Vouthon (Charente). In Livret guide excursion A4, VIIIeme Congres INQUA, pp. 66–71, Paris.
Debénath, A.. 1974. Recherches sur les terrains quaternaires charentais et les industries qui leur sont associées. Docteur ès Sciences, Université de Borde-aux I.
Debénath, A.. 1976. Les gisements préhistoriques de la Chaise de Vouthon, commune de Vouthon. In L'excursion A 4, Sud-Ouest (Aquitaine et Charente), IXe Congrès de l'UISPP, Nice 13–18/O9/1976, edited by Rigaud, J.-P. and Vandermeersch, B., pp. 141–144.
Debénath, A. and Dibble, H. L. 1994. The Handbook of Paleolithic Typology. Vol. I. The Lower and Middle Paleolithic of Europe. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Debénath, A. and L. Duport. 1986. Le Mousterien de la grotte de Montgaudier (Charente), note préliminaire. Bulletin de la Société Anthropologique du Sud-Ouest 21: 5–9.
Delagnes, A., Tournepiche, J.-F., Armand, D., Desclaux, E., Diot, M.-F., Ferrier, C., Fillâtre, V., and Vandermeersch, B.. 1999. Le gisement Pléistocène moyen et supérieur d'Artenac (Saint-Mary, Charente): Premier bilan interdisciplinaire. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 96: 469–496.
Demars, P.-Y.L'industrie aurignacienne de la couche 2 de la grotte Bou rgeois-Delaunay. In Les gisements paléolithiques de La Chaise-de-Vouthon (Charente), edited by Debénath, A.. Forthcoming.
Demars, P.-Y. and Laurent, P.. 1989. Types d'outils du paléolithique supérieur en Europe. Cahiers du Quaternaire 14. Editions du CNRS, Bordeaux.
Denton, G. H. and Karlén, W.. 1973. Holocene climatic variations – their pattern and possible cause. Quaternary Research 3: 155–205.
Dibble, H. L. 1984. Interpreting typological variation of Middle Paleolithic scrapers: Function, style, or sequence of reduction?Journal of Field Archaeology 11: 431–436.
Dibble, H. L.. 1987a. The interpretation of Middle Paleolithic scraper morphology. American Antiquity 52: 109–117.
Dibble, H. L.. 1987b. Measurement of artifact provenience with an electronic theodolite. Journal of Field Archaeology 14: 249–254.
Dibble, H. L.. 1988. Typological aspects of reduction and intensity of utilization of lithic resources in the French Mousterian. In Upper Pleistocene Prehistory of Western Eurasia, edited by Dibble, H. L. and Monte-White, A., pp. 181–187. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Dibble, H. L.. 1995. An assessment of the integrity of the archaeological assemblages. In The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe-Capelle Bas (France), edited by Dibble, H. L. and Lenoir, M., pp. 245–258. University Museum Monograph 91.
Dibble, H. L., Chase, P. G., Debénath, A., Farrand, W. R., and McPherron, S. P.. 2006. Taphonomy and the concept of Paleolithic cultures: The case of the Tayacian from Fontéchevade. PaleoAnthropology 2006: 1–21.
Dibble, H. L., Chase, P. G., McPherron, S. P., and Tuffreau, A.. 1997. Testing the reality of a “living floor” with archaeological data. American Antiquity 62: 629–651.
Dibble, H. L. and Holdaway, S.. 1993. The Middle Paleolithic of Warwasi Rockshelter. In The Paleolithic Prehistory of the Zagros, edited by Olszewski, D. and Dibble, H. L., pp. 75–99. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Dibble, H. L., Holdaway, S., Lenoir, M., McPherron, S. P., Roth, B. J., and Sanders-Gray, H.. 1995. Techniques of excavation and analysis. In The Middle Paleolithic Site of Combe-Capelle Bas (France), edited by Dibble, H. L. and Lenoir, M., pp. 27–40. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Dibble, H. L. and McPherron, S. P.. 1989. On the computerization of archaeological projects. Journal of Field Archaeology 15: 431–440.
Dibble, H. L. and McPherron, S. P.. 2006 The missing Mousterian. Current Anthropology 47: 777–803.
Dibble, H. L. and McPherron, S. P. 2007. Truncated-faceted pieces: Hafting modification, retouch, or cores? In Tools versus Cores Alternative Approaches to Stone Tool Analysis, S. McPherron, editor, pp. 75–90. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle.
Dibble, H. L., McPherron, S. P., Chase, P. G., Farrand, W. R., and Debénath, A., 2006. Taphonomy and the concept of Paleolithic cultures: The case of the Tayacian from Fontéchevade. Paleoanthropology 4: 1–21.
Dibble, H. L. and Rolland, N.. 1992. On assemblage variability in the Middle Paleolithic of Western Europe: History, perspectives, and a new synthesis. In The Middle Paleolithic: Adaptation, Behavior, and Variability, edited by Dibble, H. L. and Mellars, P., pp. 1–20. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Drennan, R. 1956. Note on the morphological status of the Swanscombe and Fontéchevade remains. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 14: 73–83.
Duport, L. 1969. Le gisement préhistorique de Montgaudier (Charente). In Livret-Guide de l'Excursion A4, VIIIe Cong. d'INQUA.
Duport, L.. 1976. La grotte de Montgaudier, commune de Montbron, Cahrente. In Livret-Guide de l'Excursion A4,. IXe Congrès de l'UISPP, Nice, pp. 151–158.
Efremov, I. 1940. Taphonomy: A new branch of paleontology. Pan-American Geologist 74: 81–93.
Eisenmann, V. 1991. Les chevaux quaternaires européens (Mammalia, Perissodactyla). Taille, typologie, biostratigraphie et taxonomie. Geobios 24: 747–759.
Ellwood, B. B. and Gose, W. A.. 2006. Heinrich H1 and 8,200 year B.P. climate events recorded in Hall's Cave, Texas. Geology 34: 753–756.
Ellwood, B. B. and Harrold, F. B. J.. 1993. Unusual electrical resistivity effects associated with fast-growing trees, Rio Maior, Portugal. Geoarchaeology 8: 157–162.
Ellwood, B. B., Harrold, F. B., Benoist, S. L., Straus, L. G., Gonzalez-Morales, M., Petruso, K., Bicho, N. F., Zilhão, Z., and Soler, N. 2001. Paleoclimate and intersite correlations from Late Pleistocene/Holocene cave sites: Results from Southern Europe. Geoarchaeology 16: 433–463.
Ellwood, B. B., Harrold, F. B., Benoist, S. L., Thacker, P., Otte, M., Bonjean, D., Long, G. L., Shahin, A. M., Hermann, R. P., and Grandjean, F.. 2004. Magnetic susceptibility applied as an age-depth-climate relative dating technique using sediments from Scladina Cave, a Late Pleistocene cave site in Belgium. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 283–293.
Ellwood, B. B., Harrold, F. B., and Marks, A. E. 1994. Site identification and correlation using geoarchaeological methods at the Cabeço do Porto Marinho (CPM) locality, Rio Maior, Portugal. Journal of Archaeological Science 21: 779–784.
Ellwood, B. B., Harrold, F. B. J., Petruso, K. M., and Korkuti, M.. 1993. Electrical resistivity surveys as indicators of site potential: Examples from a rock shelter in southwestern France and a cave in southern Albania. Geoarchaeology 52: 137–150.
Ellwood, B. B., Peter, D. E., Balsam, W., and Schieber, J. 1995. Magnetic and geochemical variations as indicators of paleoclimate and archaeological site evolution: Examples from 41TR68, Fort Worth, Texas. Journal of Archaeological Science 22: 409–415.
Ellwood, B. B., Petruso, K. M., and Harrold, F. B.. 1996. The utility of magnetic susceptibility for detecting paleoclimatic trends and as a stratigraphic correlation tool: An example from Konispol Cave sediments, SW Albania. Journal of Field Archaeology 23: 263–271.
Ellwood, B. B., Petruso, K. M., Harrold, F. B., and Schuldenrein, J.. 1997. High-resolution paleoclimatic trends for the Holocene identified using magnetic susceptibility data from archaeological excavations in caves. Journal of Archaeological Science 24: 569–573.
Ellwood, B. B., Zilhão, J., Harrold, F. B., Balsam, W., Burkart, B., Long, G. J., Debénath, A., and Bouzouggar, A.. 1998. Identification of the Last Glacial Maximum in the Upper Paleolithic of Portugal using magnetic susceptibility measurements of Caldeirão Cave sediments. Geoarchaeology 13: 55–71.
Fassbinder, J. W. E., Stanjek, H., and Vali, H.. 1990. Occurrence of magnetic bacteria in soil. Nature 343: 161–163.
Fitte, P. 1948. Note sur le Tayacien. Bulletin de la Société Historique Naturelle du Vaucluse 1: 3–7.
Flenniken, J. and Haggerty, J.. 1979. Trampling as an agency in the formation of edge damage: An experiment in lithic technology. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 13: 208–214.
Fosse, P. 1995. Le role de l'hyène dans la formation des assemblages osseux: 150 ans de controverses. Paléo 7: 49–84.
Fosse, P.. 1997. Variabilité des assemblages osseux créés par l'Hyène des cavernes. Paléo 9: 15–54.
Garrod, D. and Bate, D. M. A.. 1937. The Stone Age of Mount Carmel. Volume I. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Genty, D., Dauphin, Y., Deflandre, G., Quinif, Y., and Miskovsky, C.. 1997. Exemples de particules d'origine anthropique piegees dans les lamines de croissance de stalagmites; interet pour la reconstitution des environnements humains anciens. In Karst et archéologie, pp. 149–157, 341–342. Colloque de l'UMR 5590 du CNRS et de l'Association Française pour l'Etude du Quaternaire 8.
Giaccio, B., Hajdas, I., Peresani, M., Fedele, F. G.. and Isaia, R. 2006. The Campanian ignimbrite tephra and its relevance for the timing of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic shift. In When wNeanderthals and Modern Humans Met, edited by Conard, N. J., pp. 343–378. Tübingen Publications in Prehistory, Tübingen.
Giacobini, G. 1990–1991. Hyenas or cannibals: Fifty years of debate on the Guattari Cave Neandertal cranium. In The Fossil Man of Monte Circeo. Fifty Years of Studies on the Neandertals in Latium, edited by Bietti, A. and Manzi, G., pp. 593–604. Quaternaria Nova, Rome. I.
Gifford, D. P. and Crader, D. C.. 1977. A computer coding system for archaeological faunal remains. American Antiquity 42: 225–238.
Gifford-Gonzalez, D., Damrosch, D. B., Damrosch, D. R., Pryor, J. and Thunenl, R. L.. 1985. The third dimension in site structure: An experiment in trampling and vertical dispersal. American Antiquity 50: 803–818.
Gilot, E. 1984 Datations radiométriques. In Peuples chasseurs de la Belgique préhistorique dans leur cadre naturel, edited by Cahen, D. and Haesaerts, P., pp. 115–125. Institut royal des science naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles.
Goldberg, P., Weiner, S., Yosef, O. Bar, Xu, Q., and Liu, J.. 2001. Site formation processes at Zhoukoudian, China. Journal of Human Evolution 41: 483–530.
Gradstein, F., , J. Ogg, and Smith, A. G.. 2004. A Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Grimaud, D. 1982. Evolution du pariétal de l'Homme fossile. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Mémoire 15, Paris.
Guadelli, J.-L. 1987. Contribution à l'étude des zoocénoses préhistoriques en Aquitaine (Würm ancien et interstade würmien). Thèse de doctorat, Université de Bordeaux I.
Guérin, C. 1980. Les Rhinocerotidae (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) du Miocène supérieur au Pléistocène terminal en Europe occidentale. Comparaisons avec les espèces actuelles. Doctorat d'Etat ès Sciences, Université de Lyon I.
Hahn, J. 1988. Fiche sagaie à base fendue. Fiches typologiques de l'industrie osseuse préhistorique 1.Cahier I : Sagaies, Commission de nomenclature sur l'industrie osseuse de l'os préhistorique de l'UISPP, Publication de l'Université de Provence, Aix-en-Provence, pp. 1–21.
Harrold, F., Ellwood, B. P., Thacker, P., and Benoist, S.. 2004. Magnetic susceptibility analysis of sediments at the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition for two cave sites in northern Spain. In The Chronology of the Aurignacian and of the Transitional Technocomplexes. Dating, Stratigraphies, Cultural Implications, edited by Zilhão, J. and D'Errico, F., pp. 301–310. Trabahos de Arqueologia 33. Instituto Português de Arqueologia, Lisboa.
Heberer, G. 1951. Grundlinien in der pliestocänen Entfaltungsgeschichte der Euhomininen. Quartär 5: 58–78.
Heberer, G.. 1955. Die geographische Verbreitung der fossilen Hominiden (auszer Eusapiens) nach neuerer Gruppierung. Die Naturwissenschaften 42: 85–90.
Heller, F. and Evans, M. E.. 1995. Loess magnetism. Reviews of Geophysics 33: 211–240.
Henri-Martin, G. 1951. Remarques sur la stratigraphie de la grotte de Fontéchevade (Charente) et les conditions dans lesquelles les échantillons des ossements fossiles de Fontéchevade ont été prélevés, afin d'être soumis au “test” de la fluorine. L'Anthropologie 55: 242–247.
Henri-Martin, G.. 1953. Un niveau de Châtelperron de la grotte de Fontéchevade (Charente). Bulletin de la Société d'Etudes et de Recherches Préhistoriques des Eyzies 2: 35–36.
Henri-Martin, G.. 1957. La Grotte de Fontéchevade. Première Partie: Historique, Fouilles, Stratigraphie, Archéologie. Archives de l'Institut de Paléontologie Humaine 28. Masson et Compagnie, Paris.
Henri-Martin, G.. 1965. La Basse-Tardoire grottes et abris paléolithiques. A. Fontéchevade. Bulletin de l'Association Française pour l'Etude du Quaternaire 2: 211–216.
Herberer, G. 1951. Grundlinien in der pliestocänen Entfaltungsgeschichte der Euhomininen. Quartär 5: 58–78.
Hervet, S. 2000. Tortues quaternaires de France: Critères de détermination, repartitions chronologique et géographique. Mésogée 58: 9–47.
Hill, A. P. 1978. Taphonomical background to fossil man. In Geological Background to Fossil Man, edited by Bishop, W. W., pp. 87–101. Geological Society of London, Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh.
Hill, C. A. 1982. Origin of black deposits in caves. NSS Bulletin 44: 15–19.
Howell, F. C. 1951. Place of Neanderthal man in human evolution. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 9: 379–416.
Howell, F. C.. 1957. The evolutionary significance of variation and varieties of Neanderthal man. Quarterly Review of Biology 32: 330–347.
Howell, F. C.. 1958. Upper Pleistocene men of the Southwest Asian Mousterian. In Hundert Jahre Neanderthaler, 1856–1956, edited by Koenigswald, G. H. R., pp. 185–198. Kemink en Zoon, Utrecht.
Howell, F. C.. 1959. Upper Pleistocene stratigraphy and early man in the Levant. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103: 1–65.
Imai, T., Kanemori, T., and Sakayama, T.. 1987. Use of ground probing radar and resistivity surveys for archaeological investigation. Geophysics 52: 137–150.
James, S. 1989. Hominid use of fire in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene: A review of the evidence. Current Anthropology 30: 1–26.
Jéquier, J.-P. 1975. Le Moustérien alpin. Eburodunum II. Institut d'Archéologie Yverdonoise, Yverdon.
Joussaume, R., Joffroy, B., Henri-Martin, G., and Heim, J.-L.. 1975. Sépulture collective de l'Age du Bronze de la Grotte de Fontéchevade (Charente). Bulletin et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris 2, ser XIII(61–86):62–86.
Keller, G. and Frischknecht, F.. 1966. Electrical Methods in Geophysical Prospecting. Pergamon Press, New York.
Klien, R. G. 1986. Carnivore size and Quaternary climatic change in southern Africa. Quaternary Research 26: 153–170.
Klien, R. G. and Scott, K.. 1989. Glacial/interglacial size variation in fossil spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) from Britain. Quaternary Research 32: 88–95.
Knowles, F. 1911. The correlation between the interorbital width and the other measures and indices of the human skull. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 41: 318–349.
Kolfschoten, T. V., Gifford, D. P. and Crader, D. C.. 1977. A computer coding system for archaeological faunal remains. American Antiquity 42: 225–238.
Kolfschoten, T. V. and Roebroeks, W.. 1985. Maastricht-Belvédère: Stratigraphy, palaeoenvironment and archaeology of the Middle and Late Pleistocene deposits. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 39: 1–121.
Kurtén, B. 1957. The bears and hyenas of the interglacials. Quaternaria 4: 69–81.
Lartet, E. 1861. Nouvelles recherches sur la coexistence de l'homme et des grands mammifères fossiles réputés caractéristiques de la dernière période géologique. Annales des Sciences naturelles. II. Zoologie, 4ème série XV: 177–253.
Lartet, E. and Christy, H.. 1865–1875. Reliquiae Aquitanicae, Being Contributions to the Archaeology and Palaeontology of Périgord and the Adjoining Provinces of Southern France. Williams & Norgate, London.
Laville, H. 1982. On the transition from ‘lower’ to ‘middle’ palaeolithic in south-west France. In The Transition from Lower to Middle Palaeolithic and the Origin of Modern Man, edited by Ronen, A., pp. 131–135. BAR International Series 151. BAR, Oxford.
Laville, H.. 1988. Recent developments on the chronostratigraphy of the Paleolithic in the Perigord. In Upper Pleistocene Prehistory of Western Eurasia, edited by Dibble, H. L. and Montet-White, A., pp. 147–160. University Museum Symposium Series, Vol. I. The University Museum. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Laville, H., Rigaud, J.-P., and Sackett, J. R.. 1980. Rock Shelters of the Perigord: Geological Stratigraphy and Archaeological Succession. Academic Press, New York.
Laville, H., Turon, J. L., Texier, J.-P., Raynal, J.-P., Delpech, F., Paquereau, M., Prat, F., and Debénath, A.. 1983. Histoire paléoclimatique de l'Aquitaine et du Golfe de Gascogne au Pléistocène supérieur depuis le dernier interglaciaire. Bulletin de l'Institut Géologique du Bassin de l'Aquitaine, Bordeaux 34: 219–241.
Grand, Y. 1994. Approche méthodologique et technologique d'un site d'habitat du Pléistocène moyen: La grotte no. 1 du Mas des Caves (Lunel-Viel, Hérault). Préhistoire Anthropologie Méditerranéennes 3: 205–207.
Lenoble, A. and Bertran, P.. 2004. Fabric of Palaeolithic levels: Methods and implications for site formation processes. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 457–469.
Leroi-Gourhan, A. 1964. Les Religions de la Prehistoire. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.
Lumley, H. d. 1960. Clactonien et Tayacien dans la région méditerranéenne française. Compte-Rendu Académie des Sciences de Paris 250: 1887–1888.
Lyman, R. L. 1987. Archaeofaunas and butchery studies: A taphonomic perspective. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 10: 249–337.
Lyman, R. L.. 1994. Vertebrate Taphonomy. Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology. Cambridge University Press, London.
Marseiller, E. 1937. Les dents humaines, morphologie. Gauthier-Villars, Paris.
McBrearty, S., Bishop, L. C., Plummer, T., Dewar, R., and Conard, N. J.. 1998. Tools underfoot: Human trampling as an agent of lithic artifact edge modification. American Antiquity 63: 108–129.
McPherron, S. J. P. 2005. Artifact orientations and site formation processes from total station proveniences. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1003–1014.
McPherron, S. P. and Dibble, H. L.. 1987. Hardware and software complexity in computerizing archaeological projects. Advances in Computer Archaeology 4: 25–40.
McPherron, S. P. and Dibble, H. L.. 2000. The lithic assemblages of Pech de L'Aze IV (Dordogne, France). Préhistoire Européene 15: 9–43.
McPherron, S. P. and Dibble, H. L.. 2002. Using Computers in Archaeology: A Practical Guide. McGraw-Hill, New York.
McPherron, S. P., Soressi, M., and Dibble, H. L.. 2001. Deux nouveaux projets de recherche á Pech de l'Azé (Dordogne, France). Préhistoire du Sud-Ouest 8: 11–30.
Mortillet, G. d. 1869. Essai d'une classification des cavernes et des stations sous abri, fondée sur les produits de l'industrie humaine. Matériaux pour servir à l'histoire primitive de l'homme V: 172–179.
Mortillet, G. d.. 1883. Le Préhistorique: Antiquité de l'Homme. C. Reinwald, Paris.
Mullins, C. E. 1977. Magnetic susceptibility of the soil and its significance in soil science – a review. Journal of Soil Science 28: 223–246.
Nash, D. and Petraglia, M.. 1987. Natural Formation Processes and the Archaeological Record. British Archaeological Reports, International Series, Oxford, 352, Oxford.
Neuville, R. 1951. Le site Clacto-Abbevillien, Tayacien, Acheuléen et Micoquien de Sidi-Abderrahman (Maroc); histoire d'un classement. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 48: 101–108.
Newcomer, M. 1971. Some quantitative experiments in handaxe manufacture. World Archaeology 3: 85–94.
Nielson, A. 1991. Trampling the archaeological record: An experimental study. American Antiquity 56: 483–503.
Nishiaki, Y. 1985. Truncated-faceted flakes from Levantine Mousterian assemblages. Bulletin, Department of Anthropology, University of Tokyo 4: 215–226.
O'Brien, S. R., Mayewski, P. A., Meeker, L. D., Meese, D. A., Twickler, M. S., and Whitlow, S. I.. 1995. Complexity of Holocene climate as reconstructed from a Greenland ice core. Science 270: 1962–1964.
Oakley, K. P. and Hoskins, C. R.. 1951. Application du test de la fluorine aux crânes de Fontéchevade (Charente) avec remarques sur la stratigraphie de Fontéchevade. L'Anthropologie 55: 239–247.
Olivier, G. 1960. Pratique anthropologique. Vigot Frères, Paris.
Palacky, G. 1988. Resistivity characteristics of geologic targets. In Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics – Theory Volume 1, edited by Nabighian, M. and Corbett, J., pp. 53–129. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa.
Paletta, C. 2005. L'Evolution des comportements de subsistance des hommes du moustérien au solutréen dans la région Poitou-Charentes (France). Ph.D. thesis, Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle.
Perpère, M. and Schmider, B.. 2002. L'outillage lithique. In L'Aurignacien de la grotte du Renne, edited by Schmider, B., pp. 143–195. Supplément à Gallia-Préhistoire. Vol. 34. Editions du CNRS, Paris.
Perrot, J. 1968. La préhistoire palestinienne. Supplément au dictionnaire de la Bible VIII 43: 286–446.
Pettitt, P. B. 1997. High resolution Neanderthals? Interpreting Middle Paleolithic intrasite spatial data. World Archaeology 29: 208–224.
Peyrony, D. 1938. La Micoque, les fouilles recentes, leurs significations. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 6: 257–288.
Peyrony, D.. 1950. Qu'est-ce que le Tayacien?Bulletin Société Préhistoire Française 47: 102.
Pickering, T. R. 2002. Reconsideration of criteria for differentiating faunal assemblages accumulated by hyenas and hominids. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 12: 127–141.
Potts, R. 1988. Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai. Aldine de Gruyter, New York.
Prat, F. 1968. Recherches sur les équidés pléistocènes de France. Thèse de sciences naturelles, Université de Bordeaux I.
Quiles, G. 2003. Les Ursidae du Pléistocène moyen et supérieur en Midi médi-terranéen: Apports paléontologiques, biochronologiques et archéozoologiques. Thèse de doctorat, Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle.
Rink, W. J. 1997. Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating and ESR applications in Quaternary science and archaeometry. Radiation Measurements 27: 975–1025.
Rolland, N. 1981. The interpretation of Middle Paleolithic variability. Man 16: 15–42.
Rolland, N.. 1986. Recent findings from La Micoque and other sites in southwestern and Mediterranean France: Their bearing on the “Tayacian” problem and Middle Paleolithic emergence. In Stone Age Prehistory, edited by Bailey, G. N. and Callow, P., pp. 121–151. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Ruddiman, W. F. and Mix, A. C.. 1993. The North and Equatorial Atlantic at 9000 and 6000 yr B.P. In Global Climates since the Last Glacial Maximum, edited by Wright, J., Kutzbach, H.E., J. E., Webb, T. I., Ruddiman, W. F., Street-Perrott, F. A., and Bartlein, P. J., pp. 94–124. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
Sackett, J. R. 1973. Style, function, and artifact variability in Palaeolithic assemblages. In The Explanation of Culture Change: Models in Prehistory, edited by Renfrew, C., pp. 317–325. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh.
Sackett, J. R.. 1982. Approaches to style in lithic archaeology. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 1: 59–112.
Sackett, J. R.. 1985. Style, ethnicity, and stone tools. In Status, Structure and Stratification: Current Archaeological Reconstructions, edited by Thompson, M., Garcia, M. T., and Kense, F. J., pp. 277–282. University of Calgary, Calgary.
Schick, K. D. 1986. Stone Age Sites in the Making: Experiments in the Formation and Transformation of Archaeological Occurrences. British Archaeological Reports International Series 319, Oxford.
Schiffer, M. B. 1987. Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Schwarcz, H. P. and Blackwell, B.. 1983. 230Th/234U age of a Mousterian site in France. Nature 301: 236–237.
Schwarcz, H. P., Blackwell, B., and Debénath, A.. 1983. Absolute dating of hominids and Paleolithic artifacts of the Cave of La Chaise de Vouthon (Charente), France. Journal of Archaeological Science 10: 493–513.
Sergi, G. 1967. Morphological position of the “Prophaneranthropi (Swanscombe and Fontéchevade).” In Ideas on Human Evolution 1949–1961, edited by Howells, W. W., pp. 507–520. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Sergi, S. 1953a. I profaneratntropi di Swanscombe e di Fontéchevade. Rendiconti dell'Accademia Nazionale dei Linei ser. 8, 15: 601–608.
Sergi, S.. 1953b. Morphological position of the “Prophaneranthropi” (Swanscombe and Fontéchevade). In Actes du Congrès International du Quaternaire INQUA, pp. 651–665.
Shahack-Gross, R., Bar-Yosef, O., and Weiner, S.. 1997. Black-coloured bone in Hayonim Cave, Israel: Differentiating between burning and oxide staining. Journal of Archaeological Science 24: 439–446.
Sheriff, R. E. 1980. Seismic Stratigraphy. International Human Resources Development Corporation, Boston.
Shipman, P. 1981. Life History of a Fossil. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Shott, M. J. 1994. Size and form in the analysis of flake debris: Review and recent approaches. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 1: 69–110.
Simonet, P. 1991. Contribution à la connaissance des grands mammifères du Pléistocène supérieur de Belgique et de Bretagne. Thèse, Université de Liège.
Singer, M. J. and Fine, P.. 1989. Pedogenic factors affecting magnetic susceptibility of northern California soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53: 1119–1127.
Solecki, R. S. 1968. The Shamsi industry, a Tayacian related industry at Yabroud, Syria. Preliminary report. In La Préhistoire: Problèmes et tendances, pp. 401–410. Eds du CNRS, Paris.
Solecki, R. S.. 1970. A new secondary flaking technique at the Nahr Ibrahim Cave site, Lebanon. Bulletin du Musée de Beyrought 23: 137–142.
Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. 1972. Environnement et culture de l'homme du Périgordien ancien dans le sud-ouest de la France: Données récentes. In The Origin of Homo sapiens. Proceedings of the Paris Symposium, 2–5 September, edited by Bordes, F., pp. 141–146. UNESCO, Paris.
Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. and Perrot, J.. 1954. Lexique typologique du Paléolithique supérieur, I. II. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 51: 327–333.
Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. and Perrot, J.. 1955. Lexique typologique du Palolithique supérieur III. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 52: 76–79.
Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. and Perrot, J.. 1956a. Lexique typologique du Paléolithique supérieur V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 53: 547–558.
Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. and Perrot, J.. 1956b. Lexique typologique du Paléolithique supérieur. IV. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 53: 408–412.
Stafford, T. W., Hare, P. E., Currie, L., Jull, A. J. T., and Donahue, D. J.. 1991. Accelerator radiocarbon dating at the molecular level. Journal of Archaeological Science 18: 35–72.
Stanjek, H., Fassbinder, J. W. E., Vali, H., Wägele, H., and Graf, W.. 1994. Evidence of biogenic greigite (ferrimagnetic Fe3S4) in soil. European Journal of Soil Science 45: 97–103.
Stein, J. K. and Teltser, P. A.. 1989. Size distributions of artifact classes: Combining macro- and micro-fractions. Geoarchaeology 41: 1–30.
Stern, N. 1991 The Scatters between the Patches: A Study of Early Hominid Land-Use Patterns in the Turkana Basin, Kenya. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
Stern, N.. 1993. The structure of the Lower Pleistocene archaeological record: A case study from the Koobi Fora formation. Current Anthropology 34: 201–226.
Stiner, M. C. 1991. The faunal remains from Grotta Guattari: A taphonomic perspective. Current Anthropology 32: 103–117.
Sullivan, A. and Rosen, K.. 1985. Debitage analysis and archaeological interpretation. American Antiquity 50: 755–779.
Sutcliffe, A. J. 1970. Spotted hyena: Crusher, gnawer, digester and collector of bones. Nature 227: 1110–1113.
Tite, M. S. and Linington, R. E.. 1975. Effect of climate on the magnetic susceptibility of soils. Nature 256: 565–566.
Tournepiche, J.-F. 1996. Les grands mammifères pléistocènes de Poitou-Charentes. Paléo 8: 109–141.
Trinkaus, E. 1973. A reconsideration of the Fontéchevade fossils. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 39: 25–36.
Trinkaus, E., Moldavan, O., S. Milota, B. A., Sarcina, L., Athreya, S., Bailey, S., Rodrigo, R., Mircea, G., Higham, T., Ramsey, C. B., and Plicht, J.. 2003. An early modern human from the Peştera Oase, Romania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100: 11231–11236.
Tuffreau, A. 1982. The transition Lower/Middle Palaeolithic in Northern France. In The Transition from Lower to Middle Palaeolithic and the Origin of Modern Man, edited by Ronen, A., pp. 137–149. BAR International Series. BAR, Oxford.
Tuffreau, A. and Sommé, J.. 1988. Le Gisement paléolithique moyen de Biache-Saint-Vaast (Pas-de-Calais). Stratigraphie, environnement, Etudes archéolo-giques. Mémoires de la Société Préhistorique de France, t. 21, Paris.
Vail, P. R., Mitchum, R. M., and Thompson, S.. 1977. Chrono-stratigraphic significance of seismic reflections. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoirs 26: 99–116.
Valladas, H., Mercier, N., Joron, J. L., McPherron, S. P., Dibble, H. L., and Lenoir, M.. 2003. TL dates for the Middle Paleolithic site of Combe-Capelle Bas, France. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 1443–1450.
Vallois, H. 1949. The Fontechevade fossil man. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 7: 339–362.
Vallois, H.. 1958. La Grotte de Fontéchevade. II: Anthropologie. Archives de l'Instut de Paléontologie Humaine 29, Paris.
Valoch, K. 1968. Le remplissage et les industries du Paléolithique moyen de la Grotte Külna en Moravie. L'Anthropolgie 72: 453–466.
Verosub, K. L., Fine, P., Singer, M. J., and TenPas, J.. 1993. Pedogenesis and paleoclimate: Interpretation of the magnetic susceptibility record of Chinese loess-paleosol sequences. Geology 21: 1011–1014.
Villa, P. 1982. Conjoinable pieces and site formation processes. American Antiquity 47: 276–290.
Weiner, J. and Campbell, B.. 1964. The taxonomic status of the Swanscombe skull. In The Swanscombe Skull, edited by C. D. Ovey, pp. 175–209. Occasional Papers 20. Royal Anthropological Institute, London.
Wendorf, F. and Schild, R.. 1974. A Middle Stone Age Sequence from the Central Rift Valley, Ethiopia. Zaklad Narodowy Im. Ossolinskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Wroclaw, Poland.
Weymouth, J. W. 1986. Geophysical method of archaeological site surveying. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 9: 311–396.
Williams, J. M. 1984. A new resistivity device. Journal of Field Archaeology 11: 110–114.
Wolliard, G. 1978. Grande Pile peat bog: A continuous pollen record for the last 140,000 years. Quaternary Research 9: 1–21.
Zohdy, A., Eaton, G., and Mabey, D.. 1974. Applications of Surface Geophysics to Groundwater Investigations: Techniques of Water Resources Investigations. Book 2, Chapter D1. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed