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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: October 2014

Chapter 31 - Spinal manipulation, osteopathic manipulative treatment, and spasticity

from Section 3 - Musculoskeletal Pain

References

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10. Rubinstein SM, van Middelkoop M, Assendelft WJ, de Boer MR, van Tulder MW. Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low back pain: an update of a Cochrane review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36(13):E825–846. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182197fe1.
11. Rubinstein SM, Terwee CB, Assendelft WJ, de Boer MR, van Tulder MW. Spinal manipulative therapy for acute low back pain: an update of the Cochrane review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38(3):E158–177. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31827dd89d.
12. Lance JW. Symposium synopsis. In Feldman RG, Young RR, Koella WP, eds. Spasticity: Disordered Motor Control. Chicago: Year Book Medical. 1980: pp. 485–494.
13. Bohannon RW, Smith MB. Interrater reliability of a modified Ashworth scale of muscle spasticity. Phys Ther. 1987;67(2):206–207.
14. Braddom RL, Chan L, Harrast MA. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 4th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier. 2011.
15. Cuccurullo SJ. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Board Review, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Demos Medical Publishing. 2009.