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  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: May 2015

18 - State formation and empire building

from Part V - State formations

Summary

This chapter focuses on states and empires, and more precisely on imperial trends and turns in processes of state formation. It explains the political developments that lend support to the idea that the mid-first to mid-second millennium was a distinct period. The chapter focuses on the Eurasian macro-region, including the southern shores of the Mediterranean. Interaction between inner and outer parts of Eurasia was of particular importance for the history of states and empires during the Middle Millennium. The chapter highlights the twin monopolies of violence and taxation as links between the strategic and structural levels in state formation. The western Eurasian periphery, in civilizational terms, Western Christendom, limited to expansion on separate and narrowly circumscribed frontiers. A closer analysis should link developments on the Indian subcontinent to the record of insular and continental Southeast Asia.

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Finer, S. E. The History of Government from the Earliest Times, vol. ii: The Intermediate Ages. Oxford University Press, 1997.
Fried, Johannes and Hehl, Ernst-Dieter, eds. WBG-Weltgeschichte, vol. iii: Weltdeutungen und Weltreligionen, 600 bis 1500. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2010.
McNeill, William H. The Rise of the West, especially ʻEurasian cultural balanceʼ, 247562. University of Chicago Press, 1963.
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Beckwith, Christopher. Empires of the Silk Road: History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton University Press, 2011.
Di Cosmo, Nicola. ‘State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History’, Journal of World History 10:1 (1999): 140.
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Morgan, David O. The Mongols. 2nd edn. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007.
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Cambridge History of China, 13 vols. Cambridge University Press, 1979–2009, vol. iii: Sui and T'ang China, 589–906 CE, pt. 1, ed. Denis C. Twitchett; vol. v: The Sung Dynasty and its Precursors, 907–1279, pt. 1, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Paul Jakov Smith; vol. vi: Alien Regimes and Border States, 710–1368, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Herbert Franke; vol. vii: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, pt. 1, eds. Frederick W. Mote and Denis C. Twitchett; vol. viii: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, pt. 2, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Frederick W. Mote.
Lewis, Mark Edward. China's Cosmopolitan Empire: The Tang Dynasty. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2012.
Mote, Frederick W. Imperial China 900–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Smith, Paul Jakov and von Glahn, Richard, eds. The Song–Yuan–Ming Transition in Chinese History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Wong, R.. China Transformed. Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000.
Kulke, Hermann. Kings and Cults: State Formation and Legitimation in India and South-East Asia. Delhi: Manohar, 2008.
Kulke, Hermann. ed. The State in India 1000–1700. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Ricklefs, M. C., Lockhart, Bruce, Lau, Albert, Reyes, Portia and Aung-Thwin, Maitrii. A New History of Southeast Asia. New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010.
Singh, Upinder, ed. Rethinking Early Medieval India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Wink, André. Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, vol. i: Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam, 7th–11th Centuries; vol. ii: The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest, 11th–13th Centuries; vol. iii: Indo–Islamic Society, 14th–15th Centuries. Leiden: Brill, 1991–2003.
Crone, Patricia. Slaves on Horses: The Evolution of the Islamic Polity. Cambridge University Press, 1980.
Feldbauer, Peter. Die islamische Welt 600–1250: Ein Frühfall von Unterentwicklung? Vienna: Promedia, 1995.
Garcin, Jean-Claude, et al. États, sociétés et cultures du monde musulman médiéval, vols. i–iii. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1998–2000.
Hodgson, Marshall G. S. The Venture of Islam, vols. i–iii. University of Chicago Press, 1974.
Kennedy, Hugh. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates: The Islamic Near East from the 6th to the 11th Century. London: Routledge, 2004.
Lapidus, Ira M. Islamic Societies to the Nineteenth Century: A Global History. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Lapidus, Ira M.State and Religion in Islamic Societies’, Past & Present 151 (1996): 327.
Dagron, Gilbert. Emperor and Priest: The Imperial Office in Byzantium. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Shepard, Jonathan, ed. The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c. 500–1492. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Treadgold, Warren. A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press, 1997.
Finer, S. E. The History of Government from the Earliest Times, vol. ii: The Intermediate Ages. Oxford University Press, 1997.
Fried, Johannes and Hehl, Ernst-Dieter, eds. WBG-Weltgeschichte, vol. iii: Weltdeutungen und Weltreligionen, 600 bis 1500. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2010.
McNeill, William H. The Rise of the West, especially ʻEurasian cultural balanceʼ, 247562. University of Chicago Press, 1963.
Allsen, Thomas T. Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Amitai-Preiss, Reuven and David, O. Morgan, eds. The Mongol Empire and its Legacy. Leiden: Brill, 2000.
Beckwith, Christopher. Empires of the Silk Road: History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton University Press, 2011.
Di Cosmo, Nicola. ‘State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History’, Journal of World History 10:1 (1999): 140.
Golden, Peter B. Central Asia in World History. Oxford University Press, 2011.
Morgan, David O. The Mongols. 2nd edn. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007.
Barber, Malcolm. The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. London: Routledge, 2004.
Bartlett, Robert. The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization, and Cultural Change 950–1350. London: Penguin, 1994.
Elias, Norbert. The Civilizing Process. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2000 [1939].
Jones, Philip. The Italian City-State: From Commune to Signoria. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.
Le Goff, Jacques. Medieval Civilization. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1990.
McKitterick, Rosamond. Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Seibt, Ferdinand. Glanz und Elend des Mittelalters. Hamburg and Munich: Orbis Verlag, 1999.
Wickham, Chris. The Inheritance of Rome: A History of Europe from 400 to 1000. London: Penguin, 2010.
Cambridge History of China, 13 vols. Cambridge University Press, 1979–2009, vol. iii: Sui and T'ang China, 589–906 CE, pt. 1, ed. Denis C. Twitchett; vol. v: The Sung Dynasty and its Precursors, 907–1279, pt. 1, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Paul Jakov Smith; vol. vi: Alien Regimes and Border States, 710–1368, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Herbert Franke; vol. vii: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, pt. 1, eds. Frederick W. Mote and Denis C. Twitchett; vol. viii: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, pt. 2, eds. Denis C. Twitchett and Frederick W. Mote.
Lewis, Mark Edward. China's Cosmopolitan Empire: The Tang Dynasty. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2012.
Mote, Frederick W. Imperial China 900–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Smith, Paul Jakov and von Glahn, Richard, eds. The Song–Yuan–Ming Transition in Chinese History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Wong, R.. China Transformed. Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000.
Kulke, Hermann. Kings and Cults: State Formation and Legitimation in India and South-East Asia. Delhi: Manohar, 2008.
Kulke, Hermann. ed. The State in India 1000–1700. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Ricklefs, M. C., Lockhart, Bruce, Lau, Albert, Reyes, Portia and Aung-Thwin, Maitrii. A New History of Southeast Asia. New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010.
Singh, Upinder, ed. Rethinking Early Medieval India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Wink, André. Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, vol. i: Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam, 7th–11th Centuries; vol. ii: The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest, 11th–13th Centuries; vol. iii: Indo–Islamic Society, 14th–15th Centuries. Leiden: Brill, 1991–2003.
Crone, Patricia. Slaves on Horses: The Evolution of the Islamic Polity. Cambridge University Press, 1980.
Feldbauer, Peter. Die islamische Welt 600–1250: Ein Frühfall von Unterentwicklung? Vienna: Promedia, 1995.
Garcin, Jean-Claude, et al. États, sociétés et cultures du monde musulman médiéval, vols. i–iii. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1998–2000.
Hodgson, Marshall G. S. The Venture of Islam, vols. i–iii. University of Chicago Press, 1974.
Kennedy, Hugh. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates: The Islamic Near East from the 6th to the 11th Century. London: Routledge, 2004.
Lapidus, Ira M. Islamic Societies to the Nineteenth Century: A Global History. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Lapidus, Ira M.State and Religion in Islamic Societies’, Past & Present 151 (1996): 327.
Dagron, Gilbert. Emperor and Priest: The Imperial Office in Byzantium. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Shepard, Jonathan, ed. The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c. 500–1492. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Treadgold, Warren. A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press, 1997.