Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

10 - The Khrushchev period, 1953–1964

from Part I - Russia and the Soviet Union: The Story through Time

Summary

The year 1956 was pivotal in the Khrushchev period. Khrushchev was born on 15 April 1894 in the poor southern Russian village of Kalinovka, and his childhood there profoundly shaped his character. During the 1930s and 1940s, Khrushchev played a central role in Stalinism. His positive contributions included supervising construction of the Moscow metro, energising Ukrainian agriculture and industry after the Great Purges, and attempting to ameliorate the post-war famine which Joseph Stalin's draconian policies caused. Khrushchev's first priority was agriculture. Khrushchev's 1955 journey to Belgrade reflected a new, post-Stalinist formula for holding together the Soviet bloc: to tolerate a modicum of diversity and domestic autonomy, to emphasise ideological and political bonds and reinforce economic and political ties, and to weave all this together with Khrushchev's own personal involvement. Khrushchev's first major achievement was the Austrian State Treaty, signed in May 1955, under which Soviet occupation forces pulled out in return for an Austrian declaration of neutrality.
Adzhubei, Aleksei, Krushenie illiuzii (Moscow: Interbuk, 1991).
Greenstein, Fred I., Personality and Politics: Problems of Evidence, Inference and Conceptualization (London: Markham, 1969).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., N. S. Khrushchev (1894–1971): materialy nauchnoi konferentsii posviashchennoi 100-letiu so dnia rozhdeniia N. S. Khrushcheva (Moscow: Rossiiskii gosudarstennyi universitet, 1994).
Kozlov, V. A., Massovye besporiadki v SSSR pri Khrushcheve i Brezhneve (1953–nachalo 1980) (Novosibirsk: Sibirskii khronograf, 1999).
Leonov, S. V., Rozhdenie sovetskoi imperii: Gosudarstvo i ideologiia, 1917–1922 gg. (Moscow: Dialog MGU, 1997).
Malenkov, cited in Zubok, Vladislav and Pleshakov, Constantine, Inside the Kremlin’s Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev (London: Harvard University Press, 1996).
Malia, Martin, The Soviet Tragedy: A History of Socialism in Russia, 1917–1991 (New York: Free Press, 1994).
Mićunović, Veljko, Moscow Diary, trans. Floyd, David (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980).
Mikoian, Anastas, Tak bylo: Razmyshleniia o minuvshem (London: Vagrius, 1999).
Neizvestnyi, Ernst, ‘Moi dialog s Khrushchevym’, Vremia i my 4 (May 1979).
Semichastnyi, Vladimir, ‘Ia by spravilsia s liuboi rabotoi’, interview by Svetitskii, K. and Sokolov, S., Ogonek 24 (1989).
Tatu, Michel, Power in the Kremlin: From Khrushchev to Kosygin, trans. Katel, Helen (New York: Viking, 1969).
Taubman, William, Khrushchev, Sergei N., and Gleason, Abbott (eds.), Nikita Khrushchev (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000).
Troianovskii, Oleg, Cherez gody i rasstoianiia (Moscow: Vagrius, 1997).
Ulam, Adam B., Expansion and Coexistence: Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917–1973 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974).
Whitney, Thomas F. (ed.), Khrushchev Speaks (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963).