Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2007
  • Online publication date: March 2008

21 - From Antioch to Arles: Lay devotion in context

from Part IV - Christian Beliefs and Practices


Linked to the paucity of written sources by lay Christians, there remains the challenge of locating lay Christians in an age better known for its ascetics. Place, particularly home, church and saint's tomb, can serve as a framework for examining lay devotion. With reference to these places, this chapter investigates what practices and dispositions constituted lay devotion. It also considers how places were more than a backdrop for practices, but even moulded those practices. Built space can reveal many features of piety, such as the typical size of a gathering, how bodies moved through space, and what perceptions shaped devotions in that space. Church leaders like Athanasius of Alexandria and Caesarius of Arles recommended that Christians dedicate the forty days prior to Easter to adopting an ascetic regime of prayers, vigils, sexual abstinence, fasting, devotional reading, charity and hospitality.
Pauline, Allen. ‘The homilist and the congregation: A case-study of Chrysostom’s Homilies on Hebrews’, Augustinianum 36 (1996).
Baldovin, John F. The urban character of Christian worship: The origins, development, and meaning of stational liturgy, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 228 (Rome, 1987).
David, Brakke. Athanasius and the politics of asceticism (Oxford, 1995).
Brock, Sebastian P.Some important baptismal themes in the Syriac tradition’, The harp 4 (1991).
Peter., Brown The cult of the saints: Its rise and function in Latin Christianity (Chicago, 1981).
Leslie, Brubaker. ‘Icons before iconoclasm?’ In Morfologie socialie culturali in Europa fra tarda antichità e alto medioevo (Spoleto, 1998), II.
Averil, Cameron. ‘The language of images: The rise of icons and Christian representation’, in Wood, Diana, ed., The church and the arts (Oxford, 1992).
Béatrice., CaseauChristian bodies: The senses and early Byzantine Christianity’, in James, Liz, ed., Desire and denial in Byzantium (Aldershot, 1999).
Henry, Chadwick. ‘Prayer at midnight’, in Fontaine, Jacques and Kannengiesser, Charles, eds., EPEKTASIS: Mélanges patristiques offerts au Cardinal Jean Daniélou (Paris, 1972).
Gillian, Clark. ‘Victricius of Rouen: Praising the saints ’, Journal of early Christian studies 7 (1999).
John, Crook. The architectural setting of the cult of saints in the early Christian West, c. 300–c. 1200 (Oxford, 2000).
Cunningham, Mary B. and Allen, Pauline, eds. Preacher and audience. Studies in early Christian and Byzantine homiletics (Leiden, 1998).
Davis, Stephen J. The cult of Saint Thecla: A tradition of women’s piety in late antiquity (Oxford, 2001).
Pauline, Donceel-Voûte. ‘Le rôle des reliquaires dans les pèlerinages’, in Akten des XII. Internationalen Kongresses für Christliche Archäologie, Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum, Ergänzungsbände, 20 (Münster, 1995), I.
Yvette, Duval. Auprès des saints corps et âme: L’inhumation ‘ad sanctos’ dans la chrétienté d’Orient et d’Occident du IIIe au VIIe siècle (Paris, 1988).
Egeria, . Travels. égérie, Journal de voyage (Sources chrétiennes 296); trans. Wilkinson, John, Egeria’s travels to the Holy Land (Warminster, 1999).
André-Jean, Festugière, trans. Sainte Thècle, Saints Côme et Damien, Saints Cyret Jean (extraits), et Saint Georges (Paris, 1971).
Finn, Thomas M.It happened one Saturday night: Ritual and conversion in Augustine’s North Africa’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion 58 (1990).
Georgia, Frank. ‘“Taste and see”: The eucharist and the eyes of faith in the fourth century’, Church history 70 (2001).
Georgia, Frank. The memory of the eyes: Pilgrims to living saints in Christian late antiquity (Berkeley, 2000).
David, Frankfurter, ed. Pilgrimage and holy space in late antique Egypt (Leiden, 1998).
Gamble, Harry Y. Books and readers in the early church: A history of early Christian texts (New Haven, 1995).
,Gregory of Tours. Glory of the martyrs, trans. Dam, Raymond. (Liverpool, 1988).
Christopher, Haas. Alexandria in late antiquity: Topography and social conflict (Baltimore, 1997).
Harvey, Susan Ashbrook. ‘Embodiment in time and eternity: A Syriac perspective’, St. Vladimir’s theological quarterly 43 (1999).
Heffernan, Thomas J. and Ann Matter, E., eds. The liturgy of the medieval church (Kalamazoo, 2001).
Itineraria et alia geographica. Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 175; translated selections in John Wilkinson, Jerusalem pilgrims before the crusades (Warminster, 2002).
Jacobs, Andrew S. and Krawiec, Rebecca. ‘Fathers know best? Christian families in the age of asceticism’, Journal of early Christian studies II (2003).
Jensen, Robin Margaret. Understanding early Christian art (London, 2000).
Chrysostom, John. Selected works. Trans. Mayer, Wendy and Allen, Pauline, John Chrysostom (London, 2000).
Ernst, Kitzinger. ‘The cult of images in the age before iconoclasm’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 8 (1954).
Richard, Krautheimer. Early Christian and Byzantine architecture (New Haven, 1986).
Kruger, Michael J. P. Oxy. 840: Amulet or miniature codex?’, Journal of theological studies N.S. 53 (2002).
Johan, Leemans et al., trans. ‘Let us die that we may live’: Greek homilies on Christian martyrs from Asia Minor, Palestine and Syria (c. AD 350–AD 450) (London, 2003).
Blake, Leyerle. ‘Appealing to children’, Journal of early Christian studies 5 (1997).
Tulia, Linders and Nordquist, Güllog, eds. Gifts to the gods (Stockholm, 1987).
Eunice Dauterman, Maguire, , Henry P. Maguire and Duncan-Flowers, Maggie J.. Art and holy powers in the early Christian house (Urbana, 1989).
Cyril, Mango. The art of the Byzantine empire (Toronto, 1986).
Marlia Mundell, Mango. Silver from early Byzantium: The Kaper Koraon and related treasures (Baltimore, 1986).
Pierre, Maraval. Lieux saints et pèlerinages d’Orient: Histoire et géographie des origines à la conquête arabe (Paris, 1985).
Robert, Markus. ‘How on earth could places become holy? Origins of the Christian idea of holy places’, Journal of early Christian studies 2 (1994).
Mathews, Thomas F.“Private” Liturgy in Byzantine architecture: Towarda re-appraisal’, Cahiers archéologiques 30 (1982); reprinted in Mathews, Thomas F., Art and architecture in Byzantium and Armenia: Liturgical and exegetical approaches (Aldershot, 1995).
Mathews, Thomas F. The early churches of Constantinople: Architecture and liturgy (University Park, PA, 1971).
Miller, Patricia Cox. The poetry of thought in late antiquity: Essays in imagination and religion (Aldershot, 2001).
Dominic, Montserrat. ‘Pilgrimage to the shrine of SS Cyrus and John at Menouthis in late antiquity’, in Frankfurter, David, ed., Pilgrimage and holy space in late antique Egypt (Leiden, 1998).
Robert, Ousterhout, ed. The blessings of pilgrimage (Urbana, 1990).
Arietta, Papaconstantinou. Le culte des saints en égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides. L’apport des sources papyrologiques et épigraphiques grecques et coptes (Paris, 2001).
Arietta, Papaconstantinou. Le culte des saints en égypte des byzantins aux abbassides: L’apport des inscriptions et des papyrus grecs et coptes (Paris, 2001).
Lucia, Papini. ‘Fragments of the Sortes Sanctorum from the Shrine of St. Colluthus’, in Frankfurter, David, ed., Pilgrimage and holy space in late antique Egypt (Leiden, 1998).
Ramsey, , Boniface, O.P.Almsgiving in the Latin church: The late fourth and early fifth centuries’, Theological studies 43 (1982).
,Romanos the Melodist. Hymns. Sancti Romani Melodi cantica: Cantica genuina, eds. Maas, Paul and Trypanis, C. A. (Oxford, 1963); trans. Lash, Ephrem, St. Romanos the Melodist, Kontakia: On the life of Christ (San Francisco, 1995).
Taft, , Robert, F.Byzantine communion spoons: A review of the evidence’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 50 (1996).
Taft, , Robert, F.Women at church in Byzantium’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 52 (1998).
Taft, , Robert, F. The liturgy of the hours in East and West: The origins of the divine office and its meaning for today (Collegeville, MN, 1986).
Alice-Mary, Talbot, ed. Holy women of Byzantium (Washington, DC, 1996).
van den Hoek, Annewies and Herrmann, John J. Jr., ‘Paulinus of Nola, courtyards, and canthari’, Harvard theological review 93 (2000).
Venit, , Susan, Marjorie. Monumental tombs of ancient Alexandria: The theater of the dead (Cambridge, 2002).
Vie et miracles de Sainte Thècle, ed. and trans. Dagron, Gilbert, Subsidia Hagiographica 62 (Brussels, 1978).
Gary, Vikan. Byzantine pilgrimage art (Washington, DC, 1982).
Cyrille, Vogel. ‘Le banquet funéraire paléochrétien: Une fête du défunt et des survivants’, in Plongeron, B. and Pannet, R., eds., Le christianisme populaire: Les dossiers de l’histoire (Paris, 1976).
Wharton, Annabel Jane. Refiguring the post classical city: Dura Europos, Jerash, Jerusalem and Ravenna (Cambridge, 1995).
Yarnold, E. J.The fourth and fifth centuries’, in Jones, Cheslyn et al., eds., The study of liturgy (London, 1992).
Yarnold, E. J. The awe-inspiring rites of initiation (Collegeville, MN, 1994).
Yarnold, Edward SJ. The awe-inspiring rites of initiation: The origins of the R. C.I.A. (Edinburgh, 1994).