Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Print publication year: 2007
  • Online publication date: March 2008

15 - The Hellenistic Near East

from Part IV - The Hellenistic States

Summary

In the Hellenistic period, Greek and Near Eastern traditions came into closer contact than before, increasing the cohabitation of Greeks and non-Greeks. This chapter focuses on the Seleucid empire, since it was the main heir of the earlier Persian empire. The empire contained high civilizations with their own ancient histories: Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Phoenicians, Jews, and half-Hellenized states in Asia Minor. The chapter examines how the Seleucid economy performed relative to earlier and later periods. Everywhere in antiquity, agriculture was the main means of subsistence. Agricultural conditions, however, varied greatly. Industrial production was linked to agriculture, and many items including textiles, were produced at home. Some regions developed specialties: Phoenicia was famous for purple dyes, glass, and ships, and Babylonia for woolen and linen textiles, salt, and bitumen. As a result of the empire's urbanization policies, many Macedonians and Greeks emigrated to the east; new cities were founded, often on more or less vacant territories.
Adams, J. (1987) “Trade and payments as instituted process: the institutional theory of the external sector,” Journal of Economic Issues 21: 1.
Blavatskaja, T. V., Golubcova, E. S., Pavlovskaja, A. I. (1972) Die Sklaverei in hellenistischen Staaten im 3. – 1. Jh. v. Chr. Wiesbaden.
Cocquerillat, D. (1968) Palmeraies et cultures de l’Eanna d’Uruk (559–520). Berlin.
De Callataÿ, F. (1989a) “L’or perse et l’histoire grecque,” REA 91.
Debord, P. (1982) Aspects sociaux et économiques de la vie religieuse dans l’Anatolie gréco-romaine. Leiden.
Downey, S. (1988) Mesopotamian Religious Architecture: Alexander through the Parthians. Princeton.
Duyrat, F. (2005) “La circulation monétaire dans l’Orient séleucide (Syrie, Phénicie, Mésopotamie, Iran),” in Chankowsky, and Duyrat, , eds. (2005).
Finkbeiner, U. (1982) “Seleukidische und parthische Gräber in Uruk,” Baghdader Mitteilungen 13.
Geller, M. J. and Maehler, H., eds. (1995) Legal Documents of the Hellenistic World. London.
Goudriaan, K. (1988) Ethnicity in Ptolemaic Egypt. Amsterdam.
Hodges, H. (1970) Technology in the Ancient World. London.
Invernizzi, A. (1993) “Seleucia on the Tigris: centre and periphery in Seleucid Asia,” in Bilde, P., ed., Centre and Periphery in the Hellenistic World.Aarhus.
Jacobsen, T. (1982) Salinity and Irrigation Agriculture in Antiquity. Diyala Basin Archaeological Projects: Report on Essential Results, 1957–58. Malibu.
Kreissig, H. (1978) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im Seleukidenreich. Berlin.
Kuhrt, A. (1990) “Alexander and Babylon,” in Sancisi-Weerdenburg, H.andDrijvers, J. W., eds., Achaemenid History 5. The Roots of the European Tradition. Leiden.
Morris, I. (2005) “Archaeology, standards of living, and Greek economic history,” in Manning, and Morris, , eds. (2005).
Oppenheim, A. L. (1967) “An essay on overland trade in the first millennium,” Journal of Cuneiform Studies 21.
Reade, J. (1986) “A hoard of silver currency from Achaemenid Babylon,” Iran 24.
Roueché, C. and Sherwin-White, S. (1985) “Some aspects of the Seleucid empire: the Greek inscriptions from Failaka in the Arabian Gulf,” Chiron 15.
Seyrig, H. (1970) “Seleucus I et la fondation de la monarchie syrienne,” Syria 47.
Sherwin-White, S. and Kuhrt, A. (1993) From Samarkhand to Sardis. A New Approach to the Seleucid Empire. London.
Slotsky, A. L. (1997) The Bourse of Babylon. Market Quotations in the Astronomical Diaries of Babylonia. Bethesda, MD.
Thompson, D. J. (1984) “Hellenistic science: its application in peace and war. 9c. agriculture,” in Walbank, et al., eds. (1984).
Vargyas, P. (1997) “Les prix des denrées alimentaires de première nécessité en Babylonie à l’époque achéménide et hellénistique,” in Andreau, et al., eds. (1997).