Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

M

Summary

Magisterium Derived from the Latin word for ‘teacher’, ‘magisterium’ is a term in Catholic theology for the teaching office of the Church, rooted in Christ and transmitted through apostolic succession to all bishops in communion with the papacy. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, because its task is to preserve the faithful from error (§85) through authoritative interpretation of Scripture and tradition, the magisterium possesses the charism of infallibility with respect to matters of faith and morals (§890). Yet, because this charism can be exercised in different ways, a distinction is drawn between the supreme and the ordinary magisterium. The former is exercised when the pope, either by himself or together with the college of bishops, proclaims a doctrine ‘by a definitive act … for belief as being divinely revealed’ (Cat., §891; cf. §88). By contrast, the ordinary magisterium refers to the process by which bishops (and especially the pope) propose ‘a teaching that leads to better understanding of Revelation’ through less formal means like preaching or catechesis (Cat., §892).

It is Catholic teaching that the magisterium, while not itself a source of revelation, nevertheless forms a functional unity with Scripture and tradition, such that ‘one of them cannot stand without the others’ (Cat., §95). This claim that proper interpretation of Scripture requires a teaching office is a central point of disagreement between Catholics and the Churches of the Reformation.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Bohlig, A., ‘Manichaismus’ in Theologische Realenzyklopädie, ed. Krause, G. and Müller, G., vol. XXII (W. de Gruyter, 1991), 1.
Lieu, S., Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and Medieval China: A Historical Survey (Manchester University Press, 1985).
Blackman, E., Marcion and His Influence (SPCK, 1948).
Harnack, A., Marcion: The Gospel of the Alien God (Labyrinth Press, 1990 [1921]).
Matteo, A. M., Marechal: Quest for the Absolute (Northern Illinois University Press, 1992).
Balthasar, H. U., Mary for Today (St Paul, 1989).
Beattie, T., God's Mother, Eve's Advocate: A Marian Narrative of Women's Salvation (Continuum, 2002).
Boss, S. J., Empress and Handmaid: On Nature and Gender in the Cult of the Virgin Mary (Cassell, 2000).
Graef, H., Mary: A History of Doctrine and Devotion (Sheed & Ward, 1994).
Johnson, E. A., Truly Our Sister: A Theology of Mary in the Communion of Saints (Continuum, 2003).
Rahner, K., Mary, Mother of the Lord: Theological Meditations (Catholic Book Club, 1963).
Evdokimov, P., The Sacrament of Love: The Nuptial Mystery in the Light of the Orthodox Tradition (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1985).
Mackin, T., What Is Marriage? Marriage in the Catholic Church (Paulist Press, 1982).
Schillebeeckx, E., Marriage: Human Reality, Saving Mystery (Sheed & Ward, 1965).
Scott, K. and Warren, M., eds., Perspectives on Marriage: A Reader, 2nd edn (Oxford University Press, 2000).
Thatcher, A., Marriage after Modernity: Christian Marriage in Postmodern Times (New York University Press, 1999).
Bruno, C.et al., The Book of Christian Martyrs (SCM, 1990).
Castelli, E. A., Martyrdom and Memory: Early Christian Culture Making (Columbia University Press, 2004).
Gregory, B. S., Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe (Harvard Univeristy Press, 1999).
Middleton, P., Radical Martyrdom and Cosmic Conflict in Early Christianity (T&T Clark, 2006).
, B.Botte, and Mohrmann, C., L'Ordinaire de la messe: texte critique, traduction et études (Cerf, 1953).
Jungmann, J. A., The Mass of the Roman Rite: Its Origins and Development (Benziger, 1951–5).
Mazza, E., The Eucharistic Prayers of the Roman Rite (Liturgical Press, 1986).
Louth, A., Maximus the Confessor (Routledge, 1996).
Thunberg, L., Microcosm and Mediator: The Theological Anthropology of Maximus the Confessor, 2nd edn (Open Court, 1995).
Tobin, F. J., Mechthild von Magdeburg: A Medieval Mystic in Modern Eyes (Camden House, 1995).
Finger, T. N., A Contemporary Anabaptist Theology (InterVarsity Press, 2004).
Nation, M. T., John Howard Yoder: Mennonite Patience, Evangelical Witness, Catholic Convictions (Eerdmans, 2006).
Snyder, C. A., Following in the Footsteps of Christ: The Anabaptist Tradition (Orbis, 2004).
Wenger, J. C., ed., The Complete Writings of Menno Simons (Herald Press, 1956).
Kilcourse, G., Ace of Freedoms: Thomas Merton's Christ (University of Notre Dame Press, 1993).
Mott, M., The Seven Mountains of Thomas Merton (Houghton Mifflin, 1984).
Medina, N., Mestizaje: (Re)Mapping ‘Race,’ Culture, and Faith in Latina/o Catholicism (Orbis, 2009).
Heidegger, M., Introduction to Metaphysics (Yale University Press, 2000 [1953]).
Kant, I., Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (Cambridge University Press, 2001 [1783]).
MacKinnon, D., The Problem of Metaphysics (Cambridge University Press, 1974).
Pannenberg, W., Metaphysics and the Idea of God (Eerdmans, 2001).
Inwagen, P. and Zimmerman, D.W., eds., Metaphysics: The Big Questions (Blackwell, 2008).
Campbell, T., Methodist Doctrine: The Essentials (Abingdon Press, 1999).
Langford, T., Methodist Theology (Epworth, 1998).
Maddox, R., Responsible Grace: John Wesley's Practical Theology (Kingswood Books, 1994).
Marsh, C.et al., Methodist Theology Today (Continuum, 2006).
Wainwright, G., Methodists in Dialog (Kingswood Books, 1995).
Wesley, J., The Works of John Wesley, ed. Baker, F. and Heitzenrater, R. (Abingdon Press, 1984–).
Gray, P. T. R., The Defense of Chalcedon in the East (451–553) (Brill, 1979).
Torrance, I. R., Christology after Chalcedon: Severus of Antioch and Sergius the Grammarian (Canterbury Press, 1988).
Schillebeeckx, E., Ministry: Leadership in the Community of Jesus Christ (Crossroad, 1981 [1980]).
Wood, S., ed., Ordering the Baptismal Priesthood: Theologies of Lay and Ordained Ministry (Liturgical Press, 2003).
Bosch, D., Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission (Orbis, 1991).
Hoekendijk, J. C., The Church Inside Out (SCM, 1966).
Kim, K., The Holy Spirit in the World: A Global Conversation (SPCK, 2008).
Myklebust, O. G., The Study of Missions in Theological Education, 2 vols. (Egede Instituttet, 1955, 1957).
Hutchison, W. R., The Modernist Impulse in American Protestantism (Duke University Press, 1992).
O'Connell, M., Critics on Trial: An Introduction to the Catholic Modernist Crisis (Catholic University of America Press, 1994).
Capps, W., The Monastic Impulse (Crossroad, 1983).
Chitty, D. J., The Desert a City: An Introduction to the Study of Egyptian and Palestian Monasticism Under the Christian Empire (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1997 [1966]).
Dunn, M., The Emergence of Monasticism: From the Desert Fathers to the Early Middle Ages (Blackwell, 2000).
K. S. Frank, O. F. M., With Greater Liberty: A Short History of Christian Monasticism and Religious Orders (Cistercian Publications, 1993 [1975]).
Merton, T., The Silent Life (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1957).
Bathrellos, D., The Byzantine Christ: Person, Nature, and Will in the Christology of St. Maximus the Confessor (Oxford University Press, 2004).
Copan, P., ‘God, Naturalism, and the Foundations of Morality’ in The Future of Atheism: Alister McGrath and Daniel Dennett in Dialogue, ed. Stewart, R.B. (Fortress Press, 2008), 14–62.
Hare, J. E., God and Morality: A Philosophical History (Blackwell, 2007).
Atkinson, D. and Field, D., The New Dictionary of Christian Ethics and Pastoral Theology (InterVarsity Press, 1995).
Biggar, N., ‘Ethics’ in The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Thought, ed. McGrath, A. (Blackwell, 1993), 164–83.
Hays, R., The Moral Vision of the New Testament (T&T Clark, 1996).
J. Mahoney, S. J., The Making of Moral Theology (Oxford University Press, 1987).
Meilaender, G. and Werpehowski, W., eds., The Oxford Handbook of Theological Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2005).
Nygren, A, Agape and Eros (University of Chicago Press, 1982 [1930–6]).
Isasi-Díaz, A. M., En la Lucha/In the Struggle: Elaborating a Mujerista Theology (Fortress Press, 1993).
Isasi-Díaz, A. M., Mujerista Theology: A Theology for the Twenty-First Century (Orbis, 1996).
Isasi-Díaz, A. M., La Lucha Continues: Mujerista Theology (Orbis, 2004).
Begbie, J. S., Theology, Music and Time (Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Jones, I. H., Music: A Joy For Ever (Epworth, 1989).
Saliers, D. E., Theology and Music (Abingdon Press, 2007).
Westermeyer, P., Te Deum: The Church and Music (Fortress Press, 1998).
Zager, D., ed., Music and Theology: Essays in Honor of Robin A. Leaver (Scarecrow Press, 2007).
Hügel, F., The Mystical Element of Religion as Studied in Catherine of Siena and Her Friends, 2nd edn, 2 vols. (James Clarke, 1923).
Lossky, V., The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church (SPCK, 1957).
Maréchal, J., Studies in the Psychology of the Mystics (Burnes, Oates & Washbourne, 1927).
McGinn, B., The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism, 4 vols. (Crossroad, 1991–).
McIntosh, M. A., Mystical Theology (Blackwell, 1998).
Stolz, A., The Doctrine of Spiritual Perfection (Crossroad, 2001).