Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

A

Summary

Abba The biblical record indicates that abba, the Aramaic word for ‘father’, was the form of address used by Jesus for God (see, e.g., Matt. 11:25–6; 26:39, 42; Luke 23:34, 46; John 11:41; 12:27–8; 17:5, 11, 21, 24–5). This usage appears to have been regarded as significant enough that it is one of the few pieces of Aramaic that is preserved untranslated in the Gospels (Mark 14:36). Jesus commended the same form of address to his disciples (Matt. 6:9; Luke 11:2; cf. John 20:17), and, again, its significance was such that it appears to have been preserved even among Greek-speaking communities in its Aramaic form (Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6).

While scholars disagree over whether or not Jews customarily addressed God as ‘Father’ before Jesus' time (cf. Isa. 63:16; Jer. 3:19), there seems little question that Jesus' use of the term was regarded by his followers as distinctive. The canonical evangelists understand Jesus' use of ‘Father’ as correlative of his own status as ‘Son’ (Matt. 11:27; John 17:1; cf. Matt. 3:17; 17:5 and pars.). From this perspective, later developed explicitly in the doctrine of the Trinity, God's identity as ‘Father’ does not refer to a generic relationship between Creator and creature, but rather to a unique relationship with God's own co-eternal Word (John 1:1; see Logos), who, as ‘Son’, enjoys an intimacy with God that has no creaturely parallel (John 1:18).

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Baird, R. M. and Rosenbaum, S. E., eds., The Ethics of Abortion: Pro-Life Vs. Pro-Choice (Prometheus, 2001).
Johnston, G. F., Abortion from the Religious and Moral Perspective: An Annotated Bibliography (Praeger, 2003).
Knight, G. R., Reading Ellen White (Review and Herald, 1997).
Vyhmeister, N. J., ‘Who Are Seventh-Day Adventists?’ in Handbook of Seventh-Day Adventist Theology, ed. R. Dederen Commentary Reference Series 12 (Review and Herald, 2000), 1–21.
Hart, D. B., The Beauty of the Infinite: The Aesthetics of Christian Truth (Eerdmans, 2003).
Nichols, A., Redeeming Beauty: Soundings in Sacral Aesthetics (Ashgate, 2007).
Sherry, P., Spirit and Beauty: An Introduction to Theological Aesthetics (Clarendon Press, 1992).
Williams, R., Grace and Necessity: Reflections on Art and Love (Continuum, 2006).
Bediako, K., Christianity in Africa: The Renewal of a Non-Western Religion (Orbis, 1995).
Conradie, E. M., ed., African Christian Theologies in Transformation (EFSA, 2004).
Hansen, L., ed., Christian in Public: Aims, Methodologies and Issues in Public Theology (SUN Press, 2007).
Knighton, B., ‘Issues of African Theology at the Turn of the Millennium’, Transformation 21:3 (July 2004), 147–61.
Motlhabi, M. G., ‘Black or African Theology? Toward an Integral African Theology’, Journal of Black Theology in South Africa 8:2 (1994), 113–41.
Oduyoye, M. A., Introducing African Women's Theology (Sheffield Academic Press, 2001).
White, S. R., A Space for Unknowing: The Place of Agnosis in Faith (Columba Press, 2006).
Wiles, M., ‘Belief, Openness and Religious Commitment’, Theology 101:801 (May/June 1995), 163–71.
O'Keefe, J. and Reno, R., Sanctified Vision: An Introduction to Early Christian Interpretation of the Bible (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).
Anderson, G., The Genesis of Perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Imagination (John Knox Press, 2001).
Burrell, D., , C. S. C., Aquinas: God and Action (University of Notre Dame Press, 1979).
Clarke, W. N., , S. J., Explorations in Metaphysics: Being – God – Person (University of Notre Dame Press, 1994).
Jüngel, E., God As the Mystery of the World: On the Foundation of the Theology of the Crucified One in the Dispute between Theism and Atheism (T&T Clark, 1999 [1977]).
Jüngel, E., Natural Theology: Comprising ‘Nature and Grace’ by Professor Dr. Emil Brunner and the Reply ‘No!’ by Dr. Karl Barth (Wipf and Stock, 2002).
Rolnick, P. A., Analogical Possibilities: How Words Refer to God (Oxford University Press, 1993).
Morse, C., Not Every Spirit: A Dogmatics of Christian Disbelief (Trinity Press International, 1994).
Georgianna, L., The Solitary Self: Individuality in the Ancrene Wisse (Harvard University Press, 1981).
Daniélou, J., The Angels and Their Mission (Christian Classics Inc., 1982 [1957]).
Keck, D., Angels and Angelology in the Middle Ages (Oxford University Press, 1998).
Peterson, E., The Angels and the Liturgy, 2nd edn(Herder and Herder, 1964).
Chapman, M. D., Anglicanism: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Kaye, B., An Introduction to World Anglicanism (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Sykes, S., The Integrity of Anglicanism (Mowbray, 1978).
Ward, K., A History of Global Anglicanism (Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Williams, R., Anglican Identities (Darton, Longman and Todd, 2004).
Wingate, A., Ward, K., Pemberton, C., and Sitshebo, W., Anglicanism: A Global Communion (Mowbray, 1998).
Linzey, A., Animal Gospel (John Knox Press, 1998).
Webb, S. H., On God and Dogs: A Christian Theology of Compassion for Animals (Oxford University Press, 1998).
Fudge, E., The Fire That Consumes: A Biblical and Historical Study of Final Punishment (Verdict, 1982).
Haffner, P., The Sacramental Mystery (Gracewing, 1999).
Macquarrie, J., A Guide to the Sacraments (SCM, 1997).
Stuart, E., ‘The Sacrament of Unction’ in The Wounds that Heal: Theology, Imagination and Health, ed. Baxter, J. (SPCK, 2007), 197–214.
Davies, B. and Leftow, B., eds., The Cambridge Companion to Anselm (Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Hopkins, J., A Companion to the Study of St. Anselm (University of Minnesota Press, 1972).
Huyssteen, W., Alone in the World? Human Uniqueness in Science and Theology (Eerdmans, 2006).
Santmire, P., The Travail of Nature: The Ambiguous Ecological Promise of Christianity (Fortress, 1985).
Bozeman, T. D., The Precisianist Strain: Disciplinary Religion and Antinomian Backlash in Puritanism to 1638 (University of North Carolina Press, 2004).
Como, D. R., Blown by the Spirit: Puritanism and the Emergence of an Antinomian Underground in Pre-Civil-War England (Stanford University Press, 2004).
Collins, J. J., McGinn, B., and Stein, S., The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, 3 vols. (Continuum, 2000).
Rowland, C., The Open Heaven: A Study of Apocalyptic in Judaism and Early Christianity (SPCK, 1982).
Lossky, V., The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1997).
Papanikolaou, A., Being with God: Trinity, Apophaticism, and Divine–Human Communion (University of Notre Dame Press, 2006).
Turner, D., The Darkness of God: Negativity in Christian Mysticism (Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Williams, R., ‘Lossky, the Via negativa and the Foundations of Theology’, in Wrestling with Angels: Conversations in Modern Theology, ed. Higton, M. (Eerdmans, 2007), 1–24.
Johnson, L. T., The Creed: What Christians Believe and Why It Matters (Image, 2004).
Gres-Gayer, J. M., ‘The Unigenitus of Clement XI: A Fresh Look at the Issues’, Theological Studies 49 (1988), 259–82.
Radner, E., Spirit and Nature: The Saint-Médard Miracles in 18th-Century Jansenism (Crossroad, 2002).
Burrell, D., Aquinas: God and Action (University of Notre Dame Press, 1979).
Emery, G., , O. P., The Trinitarian Theology of Thomas Aquinas (Oxford University Press, 2007 [2004]).
Healy, N. M., Thomas Aquinas: Theologian of the Christian Life (Ashgate, 2003).
Preller, V., Divine Science and the Science of God: A Reformulation of Thomas Aquinas (Princeton University Press, 1967).
Ayres, L., Nicaea and Its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth Century Trinitarian Theology (Oxford University Press, 2004).
Hanson, R. P. C., The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God (T&T Clark, 1988).
Williams, R., Arius: Heresy and Tradition (Darton, Longman and Todd, 1988).
Bowlin, J., ‘Psychology and Theodicy in Aquinas’, Medieval Philosophy and Theology 7 (1998), 129–56.
Jordan, M., The Alleged Aristotelianism of Thomas Aquinas (Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1992).
Kent, B., Virtues of the Will (Catholic University of America Press, 1995).
MacIntyre, A., After Virtue (University of Notre Dame Press, 1981).
Aramian, M., ‘Yovhannēs Sarkawag's “Concerning the Symbol of Faith of the Three Hundred and Eighteen at the Council of Nicaea”’, St. Nersess Theological Review 4 (1999), 1–32.
Garsoïan, N. G., L'eglise arménienne et le grand schisme d'Orient (Peeters, 1999).
Bangs, C., Arminius: A Study in the Dutch Reformation (Abingdon Press, 1971).
Olson, R. E., Arminian Theology: Myths and Realities (InterVarsity Press, 2006).
Davies, J. G., He Ascended into Heaven: A Study in the History of Doctrine (Lutterworth Press, 1958).
Farrow, D., Ascension and Ecclesia (T&T Clark, 1999).
Farrow, D., Ascension Theology (T&T Clark, 2011).
Guéranger, P., The Liturgical Year: Pascal Time, vol. III (French edn, 1871; St Austin Press, 2000), 167–265.
Freiberger, O., ed., Asceticism and Its Critics: Historical Accounts and Comparative Perspectives (AAR, 2006).
Goehring, J. E., Ascetics, Society, and the Desert (Trinity Press International, 2002).
Harpham, G. G., The Ascetic Imperative in Culture and Criticism (University of Chicago Press, 1987).
Valantasis, R. and Wimbush, V. L., eds., Asceticism (Oxford University Press, 1995).
Lee, S. H., The Liminal Christian: An Asian American Theology (Augsburg Fortress, 2010).
Matsuoka, F., Out of Silence: Emerging Themes in Asian American Churches (United Church, 1995).
Shoemaker, S., Ancient Traditions of the Virgin Mary's Dormition and Assumption (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Beeke, J. R., Assurance of Faith: Calvin, English Puritanism, and the Dutch Second Reformation (Peter Lang, 1991).
Zachman, R. C., The Assurance of Faith: Conscience in the Theology of Martin Luther and John Calvin (John Knox Press, 2005).
Kelly, J. N. D., The Athanasian Creed (Harper & Row, 1964).
Anatolios, K., Athanasius: The Coherence of His Thought (Routledge, 1998).
Haught, J., God and the New Atheism: A Critical Response to Dawkins, Harris, and Hitchens (John Knox Press, 2008).
Westphal, M., Suspicion and Faith: The Religious Uses of Modern Atheism (Fordham University Press, 1998).
Sherrard, P., Athos: The Mountain of Silence (Oxford University Press, 1960).
Sophrony, Archimandrite, St. Silouan the Athonite (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1999).
Aulén, G., Christus Victor: A Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of the Atonement (Collier/Macmillan, 1969).
Baillie, D. M., God Was In Christ: An Essay on Incarnation and Atonement (Scribners, 1948).
Barth, K., Church Dogmatics (T&T Clark, 1956), IV/1, 157–357.
McIntyre, J., The Shape of Soteriology: Studies in the Doctrine of the Death of Christ (T&T Clark, 1992).
Torrance, T. F., The Trinitarian Faith (T&T Clark, 1995).
Barth, K., Church Dogmatics (T&T Clark, 1957), II/1.
Farley, E., Divine Empathy: A Theology of God (Fortress, 1996).
Gunton, C., Act and Being: Towards a Theology of the Divine Attributes (SCM, 2002).
Hoffman, J. and Rosenkrantz, G. S., The Divine Attributes (Blackwell, 2002).
Pannenberg, W., Systematic Theology, vol. I (T&T Clark, 1991).
Schwöbel, C., ‘Exploring the Logic of Divine Perfection: Divine Attributes and Divine Agency’ in God: Action and Revelation (Kok Pharos, 1992), 46–62.
Ayres, L., Augustine and the Trinity (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Brown, P., Augustine: A Biography (University of California Press, 2000).
Dodaro, R., ed., Augustine and his Critics (Routledge, 2000).
Harrison, C., Augustine: Christian Truth and Fractured Humanity (Oxford University Press, 2000).
Lancel, S., St. Augustine (SCM, 2002).