Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
The Cambridge Companion to Modern American Poetry
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The Cambridge Companion to Modern American Poetry comprises original essays by eighteen distinguished scholars. It offers a critical overview of major and emerging American poets of the twentieth century, in addition to critical accounts of the representative schools, movements, regional settings, archival resources, and critical reception that define modern American poetry. The Companion stretches the narrow term of 'literary modernism' - which encompasses works published from approximately 1890 to 1945 - to include a more capacious and usable account of American poetry's evolution from the twentieth century to the present. The essays collected here seek to account for modern American verse against the contexts of broad political, social, and cultural fields and forces. This volume gathers together major voices that represent the best in contemporary critical approaches and methods.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Guide to Further Reading

The Emergence of “The New Poetry”

Cahill, Daniel J. 1973. Harriet Monroe. New York: Twayne Publishers.
Carlin, T. Kindilien. 1956. American Poetry in the Eighteen Nineties: A Study of American Verse, 1890–1899. Brown University Studies, vol. xx. Providence, RI: Brown University Press.
Duffey, Bernard I. 1978. Poetry in America: Expression and Its Values in the Times of Bryant, Whitman, and Pound. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Egan, Ken, Jr. 1995. “The Machine in the Poem: Nineteenth-Century American Poetry and Technology.” Weber Studies: An Interdisciplinary Humanities Journal 12.1: 70–81.
Hagenbüchle, Roland, ed. 1984. American Poetry Between Tradition and Modernism, 1865–1914. Regensburg: Pustet.
Lee, Maurice. 2002. “Re-Canonizing Nineteenth-Century American Poetry.” Minnesota Review 55–7: 327–30.
Monroe, Harriet. 1938. A Poet’s Life: Seventy Years in a Changing World. New York: Macmillan.
Monroe, Harriet and Alice Corbin Henderson, eds. 1917. The New Poetry: An Anthology. New York: Macmillan.
Rubin, Joan Shelley. 2007. Songs of Ourselves: The Uses of Poetry. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sorby, Angela. 2005. Schoolroom Poets: Childhood, Performance, and the Place of American Poetry, 1865–1917. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.
Tomsich, John. 1971. A Genteel Endeavor: American Politics and Culture in the Gilded Age. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Waggoner, Hyatt H. 1968. American Poets from the Puritans to the Present. Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co.
Williams, Ellen. 1977. Harriet Monroe and the Poetry of the Renaissance: The First Ten Years of Poetry, 1912–22. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Modern American Archives and Scrapbook Modernism

Andrews, Bruce. 1996. Paradise and Method: Poetics and Praxis. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Benjamin, Walter. 1999. “Unpacking My Library: A Talk About Collecting.” Trans. Harry Zohn. Selected Writings. Vol. 2, 1927–34. Eds. Michael W. Jennings, Howard Eiland, and Gary Smith, 486–93. Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press.
Benjamin, Walter 1999. “The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility.” Trans. Edmund Jephcott and Harry Zohn. In Selected Writings. Vol. 3, 1935–8. Eds. Howard Eiland and Michael W. Jennings, 101–33. Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press.
Bornstein, George. 2001. Material Modernism: The Politics of the Page. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1990. The Logic of Practice. Trans. Richard Nice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Braddock, Jeremy. 2012. Collecting as Modernist Practice. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Brinkman, Bartholomew. 2011. “Scrapping Modernism: Marianne Moore and the Making of the Modern Collage Poem.” Modernism/modernity 18.1: 43–66.
Chasar, Mike. 2012. Everyday Reading: Poetry and Popular Culture in Modern America. New York: Columbia University Press.
Derrida, Jacques. 1998. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Trans. Eric Prenowitz. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Garvey, Ellen Gruber. 2013. Writing with Scissors: American Scrapbooks from the Civil War to the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Oxford University Press.
Helfand, Jessica. 2008. Scrapbooks: An American History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Morrison, Mark. 2001. The Public Face of Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception, 1905–1920. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Munich, Adrienne and Melissa Bradshaw, eds. 2004. Amy Lowell, American Modern. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Schreiber, Maeera and Keith Tuma, eds. 1998. Mina Loy: Woman and Poet. Orono, ME: National Poetry Foundation.
Teitelbaum, Matthew, ed. 1992. Montage and Modern Life 1919–1942. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Experimental Modernisms

Burke, Carolyn. 1985. “Without Commas: Gertrude Stein and Mina Loy.” In Coming to Light: American Women Poets in the Twentieth Century. Eds. Diane Wood Middlebrook and Marilyn Yalom, 37–57. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Bürger, Peter. 1984. Theory of the Avant-Garde. Trans. Michael Shaw. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Churchill, Suzanne W. 2006. The Little Magazine Others and the Renovation of Modern American Poetry. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Crunden, Robert M. 1993. American Salons: Encounters with European Modernism, 1885–1917. New York: Oxford University Press.
DeKoven, Marianne. 1983. A Different Language: Gertrude Stein’s Experimental Writing. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Diepeveen, Leonard. 2003. The Difficulties of Modernism. New York: Routledge.
Dijkstra, Bram. 1969. The Hieroglyphics of a New Speech: Cubism, Stieglitz and the Early Poetry of William Carlos Williams. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau. 2001. Genders, Races, and Religious Culture in Modern American Poetry, 1908–1934. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Pound, Ezra. 1934. ABC of Reading. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Krauss, Rosalind. 1985. The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Rainey, Lawrence. 1998. Institutions of Modernism: Literary Elites and Public Culture. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Schwartz, Sanford. 1985. The Matrix of Modernism: Pound, Eliot and Early Twentieth-Century Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Smith, Terry. 1993. Making the Modern: Industry, Art, and Design in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stein, Gertrude. 1935. Lectures in America. New York: Modern Library.

The Legacy of New York

Churchill, Allen. 1959. The Improper Bohemians: A Recreation of Greenwich Village in Its Heyday. New York: Dutton.
Dickie, Margaret and Thomas Travisano. 1996. Gendered Modernisms: American Women Poets and Their Readers. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Douglas, Ann. 1995. Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Kantor, Sybil Gordon. 2002. Alfred H. Barr, Jr. and the Intellectual Origins of the Museum of Modern Art. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kushner, Marilyn Satin and Kimberly Orcutt, eds. 2013. The Armory Show at 100: Modernism and Revolution. New York: Giles.
Miller, Christanne. 2005. Cultures of Modernism: Marianne Moore, Mina Loy, and Else Lasker-Schüler: Gender and Community in New York and Berlin. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Naumann, Francis M. with Beth Venn. 1996. Making Mischief: Dada Invades New York. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art.
Nelson, Cary. 2001. Revolutionary Memory: Recovering the Poetry of the American Left. New York: Routledge.
Sawelson-Gorse, Naomi, ed. 1998. Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Stansell, Christine. 2000. American Moderns: Bohemian New York and the Creation of a New Century. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Tashjian, Dickran. 1975. Skyscraper Primitives: Dada and the American Avant-Garde 1910–1925. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

The Modern American Long Poem

Bakhtin, M. M. 1981. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Bernstein, Michael André. 1980. The Tale of the Tribe: Ezra Pound and the Modern Verse Epic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Davies, Catherine A. 2012. Whitman’s Queer Children: America’s Homosexual Epics. New York: Continuum.
Dickie, Margaret. 1986. On the Modernist Long Poem. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Gabriel, Daniel. 2007. Hart Crane and the Modernist Epic. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
McHale, Brian. 2004. The Obligation toward the Difficult Whole: Postmodernist Long Poems. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
McWilliams, John P., Jr. 1989. The American Epic: Transforming a Genre, 1770–1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenthal, M. L. and SallyM. Gall. 1983. The Modern Poetic Sequence: The Genius of Modern Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press.
Schweitzer, Bernard. 2006. Approaches to the Anglo and American Female Epic, 1621–1982. Aldershot: Ashgate.

American Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance

Baker, Houston A., Jr. 1987. Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brown, Sterling A. 1931. Outline for the Study of the Poetry of the American Negroes. New York: Harcourt Brace.
Brown, Sterling A. 1955. “The New Negro in Literature (1925–1955).” In The New Negro Thirty Years Afterward. Ed. Rayford L. Logan. 57–72. Washington, DC: Howard University Press.
Brown, Sterling A. 1990. Jean Toomer’s Years with Gurdjieff: Portrait of an Artist, 1923–1936. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Calo, Mary Ann. 2007. Distinction and Denial: Race, Nation, and the Critical Construction of the African American Artist, 1920–40. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Cruden, Robert M. 2000. Body and Soul: The Making of American Modernism. New York: Basic Books.
De Long, James. 1990. Vicious Modernism: Black Harlem and the Literary Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
DuBois, W. E. B. 1989. The Souls of Black Folk. New York: Penguin Books.
Gabbin, Joanne V. 1985. Sterling Brown: Building the Black Aesthetic Tradition. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Goeser, Carolyn. 2007. Picturing the New Negro: Harlem Renaissance Print Culture and Modern Black Identity. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
Hutchinson, George. 1995. The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White. Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press.
Johnson, James Weldon. 1991. Black Manhattan. New York: Da Capo Press, 1991.
Levine, Lawrence W. 1977. Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, David Levering. 1981. When Harlem Was in Vogue. New York: Oxford University Press.
Locke, Alain, ed. 1925. The New Negro: An Interpretation. New York: Albert and Charles Boni.
Maxwell, William J. 1999. New Negro, Old Left: African American Writing and Communism Between the Wars. New York: Columbia University Press.
Moses, Wilson. 1987. “The Lost World of the Negro, 1895–1919: Black Intellectual Life before the ‘Renaissance.’” Black American Literature Forum 21: 61–4.
Sanders, Mark A. 1999. Afro-Modernist Aesthetics and the Poetry of Sterling A. Brown. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Sollors, Werner. 2008. Ethnic Modernism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Objectivist Poetry and Poetics

Bremen, Brian A. 1993. William Carlos Williams and the Diagnostics of Culture. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dettmar, Kevin J. H. and Stephen Watt, eds. 1996. Marketing Modernisms: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau and Peter Quartermain, eds. 1999. The Objectivist Nexus: Essays in Cultural Poetics. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Hatlen, Burton, ed. 1981. George Oppen: Man and Poet. Orono, ME: National Poetry Foundation.
Quartermain, Peter. 1992. Disjunctive Poetics: From Gertrude Stein and Louis Zukofsky to Susan Howe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nicholls, Peter. 2007. George Oppen and the Fate of Modernism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Izenberg, Oren. 2010. Being Numerous: Poetry and the Ground of Social Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ridell, Joseph N. 1974. The Inverted Bell: Modernism and the Counterpoetics of William Carlos Williams. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Rifkin, Libbie. 2000. Career Moves: Olson, Creeley, Zukofsky, Berrigan, and the American Avant-Garde. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Scroggins, Mark. 1998. Louis Zukofsky and the Poetry of Knowledge. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Pres.

American Poetry and the Popular Front

Barnard, Rita. 1995. The Great Depression and the Culture of Abundance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Berke, Nancy. 2001. Women Poets on the Left: Lola Ridge, Genevieve Taggard, Margaret Walker. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Browder, Earl. 1938. The Popular Front. New York: International Publishers.
Conlin, Joseph R., ed. 1974. The American Radical Press 1880–1960. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Diggins, John P. 1973. The American Left in the Twentieth Century. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Fishbein, Leslie. 1982. Rebels in Bohemia: The Radicals of the Masses, 1911–1917. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Kalaidjian, Walter. 1993. American Culture Between the Wars: Revisionary Modernism and Postmodern Critique. New York: Columbia University Press.
Nelson, Cary. 1989. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Sinclair, Upton, ed. 1915. The Cry for Justice: An Anthology of the Literature of Social Protest. Philadelphia: John C. Winston.
Smethurst, James Edward. 1999. The New Red Negro: The Literary Left and African American Poetry, 1930–1946. New York: Oxford University Press.
Szalay, Michael. 2000. New Deal Modernism: American Literature and the Invention of the Welfare State. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Tracking the Fugitive Poets

Beck, Charlotte H., ed. 2001. The Fugitive Legacy: A Critical History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Conkin, Paul. 2001. The Southern Agrarians. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
Duncan, Christopher. 2000. Fugitive Theory: Political Theory, the Southern Agrarians, and America. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Malvasi, Mark G. 1997. The Unregenerate South: The Agrarian Thought of John Crowe Ransom, Allen Tate, and Donald Davidson. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Murphy, Paul V. 2001. The Rebuke of History: The Southern Agrarians and American Conservative Thought. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Jancovich, Mark. 1993. The Cultural Politics of the New Criticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pratt, William, ed. 1991. The Fugitive Poets: Modern Southern Poetry in Perspective. Nashville, TN: J. S. Sanders.
Twelve Southerners. 1930. I’ll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition. New York: Harper Brothers.

Mid-Century Modernism

Breslin, James. 1984. From Modern to Contemporary: American Poetry, 1945–1965. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Damon, Maria. 2011. Postliterary America: From Bagel Shop Jazz to Micropoetries. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Filreis, Alan. 2007. Counter-Revolution of the Word: The Conservative Attack on Modern Poetry, 1945–1960. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Gery, John. 1996. Nuclear Annihilation and Contemporary American Poetry. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Kalstone, David. 1989. Becoming a Poet: Elizabeth Bishop with Marianne Moore and Robert Lowell. Ed. Robert Hemenway. London: Hogarth Press.
Keller, Lynn. 2009. Re-making it New: Contemporary American Poetry and the Modernist Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kenner, Hugh. 1971. The Pound Era. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Longenbach, James. 1997. Modern Poetry after Modernism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wald, Alan M. 2001. Exiles from a Future Time: The Forging of the Mid-Twentieth Century Left. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Wasley, Aidan. 2011. The Age of Auden: Postwar Poetry and the American Scene. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Psychotherapy and Confessional Poetry

Breslin, Paul. 1987. The Psycho-Political Muse: American Poetry since the Fifties. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brunner, Edward. 2001. Cold War Poetry: The Social Text in the Fifties Poem. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Davidson, Michael. 2003. Guys Like Us: Citing Masculinity in Cold War Poetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gill, Jo, ed. 2006. Modern Confessional Writing: New Critical Essays. New York: Routledge Press.
Nelson, Deborah. 2002. Pursuing Privacy in Cold War America. New York: Columbia University Press.
Rosenthal, M. L. 1967. The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sherwin, Miranda. 2011. “Confessional” Writing and the Twentieth-Century Literary Imagination. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rose, Jacqueline. 1992. The Haunting of Sylvia Plath. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Vendler, Helen. 1995. The Given and the Made: Strategies of Poetic Redefinition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Black Mountain Poetry

Clark, Tom. 1991. Charles Olson: The Allegory of a Poet’s Life. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Clark, Tom 1993. Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Commonplace. New York: New Directions.
Conte, Joseph M. 1991. Unending Design: The Forms of Postmodern Poetry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Dawson, Fielding. 1991. The Black Mountain Book. Expanded and revised edition. Rocky Mount, NC: Wesleyan College Press.
Duberman, Martin. 1972. Black Mountain: An Exploration in Community. New York: Dutton.
Katz, Vincent, ed. 2003. Black Mountain College: An Experiment in Art. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Paul, Sherman. 1981. The Lost America of Love: Rereading Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan, and Ed Dorn. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Rodgers, Audrey T. 1993. Denise Levertov: The Poetry of Engagement. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson Press.
Seelye, Catherine, ed. 1975. Charles Olson & Ezra Pound: An Encounter at St. Elizabeth’s. New York: Grossman Publishers.

Beat Poetry: HeavenHell USA, 1946–1965

Belgrade, Daniel. 1998. The Culture of Spontaneity: Improvisation and the Arts in Postwar America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Davidson, Michael. 1989. The San Francisco Renaissance: Poetics and Community at Mid-Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. 1993. The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment. New York: Anchor.
Johnson, Ronna C. and Nancy M. Grace, eds. 2002. Girls Who Wore Black: Women Writing the Beat Generation. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Knight, Brenda, ed. 1996. Women of the Beat Generation: The Writers, Artists and Muses at the Heart of a Revolution. Berkeley, CA: Conari Press.
Meltzer, David. 2001. San Francisco Beat: Talking with the Poets. San Francisco: City Lights.
Parkinson, Thomas, ed. 1961. Casebook on the Beat. New York: Crowell.
Skerl, Jennie, ed. 2004. Reconstructing the Beats. New York: Palgrave/St. Martin’s Press.
Smith, Richard Candida. 1995. Utopia and Dissent: Art, Poetry, and Politics in California. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sternitt, David. 2013. The Beats: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

The Black Arts Movement and Black Aesthetics

Baker, Houston A. 1988. Afro-American Poetics: Revisions of Harlem and the Black Aesthetic. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Clarke, Cheryl. 2005. “After Mecca”: Women Poets and the Black Arts Movement. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Edwards, Brent Hayes. 2003. The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. 1986. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. 1987. Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the “Racial” Self. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gayle, Addison, ed. 1971. The Black Aesthetic. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Moten, Fred. 2003. In the Break: The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Nielson, Alden Lynn. 1988. Reading Race: White American Poets and the Racial Discourse of the Twentieth Century. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
North, Michael. 1994. The Dialect of Modernism: Race, Language, and Twentieth-Century Literature. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ongiri, Amy Abugo. 2010. Spectacular Blackness: The Cultural Politics of the Black Power Movement and the Search for a Black Aesthetic. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Smethurst, James Edward. 2005. The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Thomas, Lorenzo. 2000. Extraordinary Measures: Afrocentric Modernism and Twentieth-Century American Poetry. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Winkiel, Laura. 2008. Modernism, Race, and Manifestos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

New York School and American Surrealist Poetics

Ashbery, John. 1999. Reported Sightings: Art Chronicles 1957–1987. Ed. David Bergman. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ashbery, John 2000. Other Traditions. Charles Eliot Norton Lectures, 1989–90. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Breton, André. 1969. Manifestoes of Surrealism. Trans. Helen R. Land and Richard Seaver. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Diggory, Terence and Stephen Paul Miller, eds. 2001. The Scenes of My Selves: New Work on the New York School Poets. Orono, ME: National Poetry Foundation.
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau. 2006. “The Gendered Marvelous: Barbara Guest, Surrealism, and Feminist Reception.” In Blue Studios, 162–85. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Epstein, Andrew. 2006. Beautiful Enemies: Friendship and Postwar American Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press.
Guest, Barbara. 2003. Forces of Imagination: Writing on Writing. Berkeley, CA: Kelsey Street Press.
Lehman, David. 1998. The Last Avant-Garde: The Making of the New York School of Poets. New York: Doubleday.
O’Hara, Frank. 1975. Art Chronicles 1954–1966. New York: Braziller.
Nelson, Maggie. 2007. Women, the New York School, and Other True Abstractions. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Perloff, Marjorie. 1977. Frank O’Hara: Poet among Painters. New York: Braziller.
Sawin, Martica. 1995. Surrealism in Exile and the Beginning of the New York School. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Schuyler, James. 1998. Selected Art Writings. Ed. Simon Pettet. Santa Rosa, CA: Black Sparrow Press.
Watkin, William. 2001. In the Process of Poetry: The New York School and the Avant Garde. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press.

Land, Place, and Nation: Toward an Indigenous American Poetics

Armstrong, Jeannette, ed. 1993. Looking at the Words of Our People: First Nations Analysis of Literature. Penticton, Theytus Books.
Lincoln, Kenneth. 1983. Native American Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lundquist, Suzanne Eversten. 2004. Native American Literatures: An Introduction. New York: Continuum.
Nelson, Robert. 1993. Place and Vision: The Function of Landscape in Native American Fiction. New York: Peter Lang.
Pulitano, Elvira. 2003. Toward a Native American Critical Theory. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Rader, Dean and Janice Gould, eds. 2003. Speak to Me Words: Essays on Contemporary American Indian Poetry. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Swann, Brian and Arnold Krupat, eds. 1987. Recovering the Word: Essays on Native American Literature. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Velie, Allan R., ed. 1995. Native American Perspectives on Literature and History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Warrior, Robert Allen. 1994. Tribal Secrets: Recovering American Indian Traditions. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Weaver, Jace, Craig S. Womack, and Robert Warrior, eds. 2005. American Indian Nationalism. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Wiget, Andrew O., ed. 1985. Critical Essays on Native American Literature. New York: G. K. Hall.

Transpacific and Asian American Counterpoetics

Kern, Robert. 1996. Orientalism, Modernism, and the American Poem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, Joshua L. 2010. Accented America: The Cultural Politics of Multilingual Modernism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ong, Aihwa. 1999. Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Park, Josephine. 2008. Apparitions of Asia: Modernist Form and Asian American Poetics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Qian, Zhaoming. 1995. Orientalism and Modernism: The Legacy of China in Pound and Williams. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Ramazani, Jahan. 1994. A Transnational Poetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Yu, Timothy. 2009. Race and the Avant-Garde: Experimental and Asian American Poetry Since 1965. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Walkowitz, Rebecca. 2007. Cosmopolitan Style: Modernism Beyond the Nation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Language Writing

Andrews, Bruce and Charles Bernstein, eds. 1984. The L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E Book. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Davidson, Michael. 1997. Ghostlier Demarcations: Modern Poetry and the Material Word. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hartley, George. 1989. Textual Politics and the Language Poets. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Hejinian, Lyn. 2000. The Language of Inquiry. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ma, Ming-Qian. 2008. Poetry as Re-Reading: American Avant-Garde Poetry and the Poetics of Counter-Method. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
McGann, Jerome. 2007. The Point is to Change It: Poetry and Criticism in the Continuing Present. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Perelman, Bob. 1996. The Marginalization of Poetry: Language Writing and Literary History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Reinfeld, Linda. 1992. Language Poetry: Writing as Rescue. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Silliman, Ron, ed. 1986. In the American Tree: Language, Realism, Poetry. Orono, ME: National Poetry Foundation.

Poet-Critics and Bureaucratic Administration

Golding, Alan. 1995. From Outlaw to Classic: Canons in American Poetry. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Graff, Gerald. 1987. Professing Literature: An Institutional History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Graff, Gerald and Michael Warner, eds. 1989. The Origins of Literary Studies in America: A Documentary Anthology. New York: Routledge.
Guillory, John. 1993. Cultural Capital: The Problem of Literary Canon Formation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Jackson, Lawrence P. 2011. The Indignant Generation: A Narrative History of African American Writers and Critics, 1934–1960. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Lazer, Hank. 1996. Opposing Poetries: Volume One: Issues and Institutions. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
McGurl, Mark. 2009. The Program Era: Postwar Fiction and the Rise of Creative Writing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.