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The Cambridge Companion to American Science Fiction
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Book description

The Cambridge Companion to American Science Fiction explores the relationship between the ideas and themes of American science fiction and their roots in the American cultural experience. Science fiction in America has long served to reflect the country's hopes, desires, ambitions, and fears. The ideas and conventions associated with science fiction are pervasive throughout American film and television, comics and visual arts, games and gaming, and fandom, as well as across the culture writ large. Through essays that address not only the history of science fiction in America but also the influence and significance of American science fiction throughout media and fan culture, this companion serves as a key resource for scholars, teachers, students, and fans of science fiction.

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Contents

Further Reading

Journals

  • Extrapolation (1959+)

  • Locus (1968+)

  • Foundation (1972+)

  • Science Fiction Studies (1973+)

  • The New York Review of Science Fiction (1988+)

  • Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts (1990+)

  • Paradoxa (1995+)

  • Femspec (1999+)

  • Science Fiction Film and Television (2008+)

General Reference Works

Ash, Brian, ed. The Visual Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Pan Books, 1977.
Barron, Neil, ed. Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Guide to Science Fiction. Fifth edition. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2004.
Bleiler, Everett F.The Checklist of Science-Fiction and Supernatural Fiction. Glen Rock, NJ: Firebell, 1978.
Bleiler, Everett F.Science-Fiction: The Early Years. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1990.
Bleiler, Everett F.Science-Fiction: The Gernsback Years. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1998.
Bleiler, Everett F. Ed. Science Fiction Writers: Critical Studies of the Major Authors from the Early Nineteenth Century to the Present Day. New York: Scribner’s, 1982.
Booker, M. Keith, and Anne-Marie Thomas. The Science Fiction Handbook. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Clareson, Thomas D.Science Fiction in America, 1870s–1930s: An Annotated Bibliography of Primary Sources. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984.
Clute, John, and Peter Nicholls, eds. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Second edition. London: Orbit, 1993. [Note: a third edition is currently in progress and is accessible as a fully online resource.]
Currey, Lloyd W., ed. Science Fiction and Fantasy Authors: A Bibliography of First Printings of Their Fiction and Selected Nonfiction. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1979.
Day, Donald B.Index to the Science Fiction Magazines, 1926–1950. Revised edition. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1982.
Fischer, Dennis. Science Fiction Film Directors 1895–1998. New York: McFarland, 2000.
Garber, Eric, and Lyn Paleo. Uranian Worlds: A Guide to Alternative Sexuality in Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror. Second edition. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1990.
Gunn, James, ed. The New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: Viking, 1988.
Hardy, Phil, ed. The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction. Second edition. New York: Overlook, 1995.
Magill, Frank N., ed. Survey of Science Fiction Literature. Five volumes. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem, 1979.
Mann, George, ed. The Mammoth Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2001.
Nicholls, Peter. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Granada, 1979.
Pederson, Jay P., ed. St. James Guide to Science Fiction Writers. Detroit, MI: St. James Press, 1995.
Prucher, Jeff, ed. Brave New Words: The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Stableford, Brian. Historical Dictionary of Science Fiction Literature. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2004.
Stableford, BrianScience Fact and Science Fiction. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Tuck, Donald H., ed. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Three volumes. Chicago, IL: Advent, 1974, 1978, and 1982.
Tymn, Marshall B., and Mike Ashley, eds. Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Weird Magazines. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
Warren, Bill. Keep Watching the Skies! American Science Fiction Movies of the Fifties. Jefferson, MO: McFarland, 1997.
Watson, Noelle, and Paul E. Schellinger, eds. Twentieth-Century Science-Fiction Writers. Third edition. Chicago, IL: St James, 1991.
Westfahl, Gary. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy: Themes, Works, and Wonders. Three volumes. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2005.
Wolfe, Gary K.Critical Terms for Science Fiction and Fantasy: A Glossary and Guide to Scholarship. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.

Histories and General Studies

Aldiss, Brian W., and David Wingrove. Trillion Year Spree: The History of Science Fiction. London: Gollancz, 1986.
Alkon, Paul K.Science Fiction before 1900: Imagination Discovers Technology. Boston, MA: Twayne, 1994.
Amis, Kingsley. New Maps of Hell: A Survey of Science Fiction. London: Gollancz, 1960.
Armytage, W. G. H.Yesterday’s Tomorrows: A Historical Survey of Future Societies. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968.
Ashley, Mike. The History of the Science Fiction Magazines. Four volumes. London: New English Library, 1974–8.
Ashley, MikeThe Time Machines: The Story of Science-Fiction Pulp Magazines from the Beginning to 1950. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000.
Atheling, William, Jr. [James Blish]. The Issue at Hand: Studies in Contemporary Magazine Science Fiction. Chicago, IL: Advent, 1973.
Berger, Albert. The Magic That Works: John W. Campbell and the American Response to Technology. San Bernardino, CA: Borgo, 1993.
Bould, Mark, ed. The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Bretnor, Reginald, ed. Modern Science Fiction: Its Meaning and Its Future. New York: Coward McCann, 1953.
Carter, Paul A.The Creation of Tomorrow: Fifty Years of Magazine Science Fiction. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.
Clareson, Thomas D, ed. Many Futures, Many Worlds: Theme and Form in Science Fiction. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1977.
Clareson, Thomas D.Some Kind of Paradise: The Emergence of American Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.
Clareson, Thomas D.Understanding American Science Fiction: The Formative Period, 1926–1970. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1990.
Csicsery-Ronay, Istvan. The Seven Beauties of Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan Press, 2008.
Delany, Samuel R.The Jewel-Hinged Jaw: Notes on the Language of Science Fiction. Revised edition. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan Press, 2009.
Delany, Samuel R.Starboard Wine: More Notes on the Language of Science Fiction. Pleasantville, NY: Dragon Press, 1984.
Del Rey, Lester. The World of Science Fiction: The History of a Subculture. New York: Del Rey, 1977.
Disch, Thomas M.The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of: How Science Fiction Conquered the World. New York: Free Press, 1998.
Gunn, James. Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated History of Science Fiction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975.
Hartwell, David G.Age of Wonders: Exploring the World of Science Fiction. Second edition. New York: Tor, 1996.
James, Edward. Science Fiction in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
James, Edward, and Farah Mendlesohn, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Knight, Damon. In Search of Wonder. Second edition. Chicago, IL: Advent, 1967.
Knight, DamonThe Futurians: The Story of the Science Fiction “Family” of the ’30s That Produced Today’s Top SF Writers and Editors. New York: John Day, 1977.
Kuhn, Annette, ed. Alien Zone: Cultural Theory and Contemporary Science Fiction Cinema. London: Verso, 1990.
Landon, Brooks. Science Fiction after 1900: From the Steam Man to the Stars. New York: Twayne, 1997.
Latham, Rob, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Science Fiction. New York: Oxford, 2014.
Lem, Stanislaw. Microworlds: Writings on Science Fiction and Fantasy. New York: Harcourt, 1985.
Luckhurst, Roger. Science Fiction. London: Polity, 2005.
Malzberg, Barry. The Engines of the Night: Science Fiction in the Eighties. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982.
Manlove, Colin. Science Fiction: Ten Explorations. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1986.
Moskowitz, Sam. Strange Horizons: The Spectrum of Science Fiction. New York: Scribner, 1976.
Panshin, Alexei, and Cory Panshin. The World beyond the Hill: Science Fiction and the Quest for Transcendence. Los Angeles, CA: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1989.
Penley, Constance, et al., eds. Close Encounters: Film, Feminism and Science Fiction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991.
Pohl, Frederik. The Way the Future Was: A Memoir. New York: Ballantine, 1978.
Rickman, Gregg, ed. The Science Fiction Film Reader. New York: Limelight Editions, 2004.
Roberts, Adam. The History of Science Fiction. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007.
Roberts, AdamScience Fiction. Second edition. London: Routledge, 2006.
Sawyer, Andy, and Peter Wright, eds. Teaching Science Fiction. New York: Palgrave, 2011.
Seed, David. Science Fiction: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Sobchak, Vivian. Screening Space: The American Science Fiction Film. New York: Ungar, 1987.
Stableford, Brian M.The Sociology of Science Fiction. San Bernardino, CA: Borgo, 1987.
Telotte, J. P.A Distant Technology: Science Fiction Film and the Machine Age. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan Press, 1999.
Telotte, J. P.Science Fiction Film. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Vint, Sherryl. Science Fiction: A Guide for the Perplexed. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.
Warner, Harry, Jr. All Our Yesterdays: An Informal History of Science Fiction Fandom in the Forties. Chicago, IL: Advent, 1969.
Warner, Harry, Jr. A Wealth of Fable: The History of Science Fiction Fandom in the 1950s. New York: Fanhistorica, 1976.
Wesfahl, Gary. The Mechanics of Wonder: The Creation of the Idea of Science Fiction. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1998.

Critical Studies

Allen, Kathryn. Disability in Science Fiction: Representations of Technology as Cure. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Armitt, Lucie, ed. Where No Man Has Gone Before: Women and Science Fiction. London: Routledge, 1991.
Attebery, Brian. Decoding Gender in Science Fiction. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
Attebery, Brian and Veronica Hollinger. Parabolas of Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2013.
Bacon-Smith, Camille. Science Fiction Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.
Balsamo, Anne. Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg Women. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996.
Barr, Marleen S.Alien to Femininity: Speculative Fiction and Feminist Theory. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987.
Barr, Marleen S.Feminist Fabulation: Space/Postmodern Fiction. Iowa City: Iowa University Press, 1992.
Barr, Marleen S.Future Females: A Critical Anthology. Popular Press, 1981.
Barr, Marleen S., ed. Future Females, The Next Generation: New Voices and Velocities in Feminist Science Fiction Criticism. Boulder, CO: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.
Ben-Tov, Sharona. The Artificial Paradise: Science Fiction and American Reality. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Booker, Keith. Monsters, Mushroom Clouds, and the Cold War: American Science Fiction and the Roots of Postmodernism, 1946–1964. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001.
Bould, Mark, and China Miéville, eds. Red Planets: Marxism and Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2009.
Broderick, Damien. Reading by Starlight: Postmodern Science Fiction. London: Routledge, 1995.
Bukatman, Scott. Terminal Identity: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993.
Burwell, Jennifer. Notes on Nowhere: Feminism, Utopian Logic, and Social Transformation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Butler, Andrew M.Cyberpunk. Harpenden: Pocket Essentials, 2000.
Canavan, Gerry, and Kim Stanley Robinson, eds. Green Planets: Ecology and Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2014.
Cheng, John. Astounding Wonder: Imagining Science and Science Fiction in Interwar America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
Chu, Seo-Young. Do Metaphors Dream of Literal Sleep? A Science-Fictional Theory of Representation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
Cioffi, Frank. Formula Fiction? An Anatomy of American Science Fiction, 1930–1940. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.
Clark, Stephen R. L.How to Live Forever: Science Fiction and Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1995.
Clute, John. Pardon This Intrusion: Fantastika in the World Storm. Harold Wood, UK: Beccon Publications, 2011.
Costello, Matthew. Comic Books and the Unmasking of Cold War America. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2009.
Donawerth, Jane L.Frankenstein’s Daughters: Women Writing Science Fiction. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1997.
Donawerth, Jane L., and Carol A. Kolmerten, eds. Utopian and Science Fiction by Women: Worlds of Difference. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994.
Dunn, Thomas P., and Richard D. Erlich, eds. The Mechanical God: Machines in Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.
Ferns, Chris. Narrating Utopia: Ideology, Gender, Form in Utopian Literature. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1999.
Franklin, H. Bruce. Robert A. Heinlein. America as Science Fiction. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Franklin, H. BruceWar Stars: The Superweapon and the American Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Freedman, Carl. Critical Theory and Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2000.
Gunn, James, ed. Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005.
Guthke, Karl S.The Last Frontier: Imagining Other Worlds from the Copernican Revolution to Modern Science Fiction. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Haraway, Donna. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Hassler, Donald M.Comic Tones in Science Fiction: The Art of Compromise with Nature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.
Hassler, Donald M., and Clyde Wilcox, eds. Political Science Fiction. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
Hassler-Forest, Dan. Capitalist Superheroes: Caped Crusaders in the Neoliberal Age. Washington: Zero Books: 2012.
Hellekson, Karen. The Alternate History: Refiguring Historical Time. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2001.
Hoagland, Ericka, and Reema Sarwal. Science Fiction, Imperialism and the Third World: Essays on Postcolonial Literature and Film. Jefferson, NC: MacFarland, 2010.
Hollinger, Veronica, and Joan Gordon, eds. Edging into the Future: Science Fiction and Contemporary Cultural Transformation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.
Jackson, Sandra, and Julie E. Moody-Freeman, eds. The Black Imagination: Science Fiction, Futurism, and the Speculative. New York: Peter Lang, 2011.
Jameson, Fredric. Archaeologies of the Future: The Desire Called Utopia and other Science Fictions. New York: Verso, 2005.
Jones, Gywneth. Deconstructing the Starships. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1999.
Kerslake, Patricia. Science Fiction and Empire. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007.
Ketterer, David. New Worlds for Old: The Apocalyptic Imagination, Science Fiction, and American Literature. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974.
Kilgore, De Witt Douglas. Astrofuturism: Science, Race, and Visions of Utopia in Space. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.
King, Betty. Women of the Future: The Female Main Character in Science Fiction. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1984.
Kirkup, Gill, et al., eds. The Gendered Cyborg: A Reader. London: Routledge, 2000.
Landon, Brooks. Aesthetics of Ambivalence: Rethinking Science Fiction Film in the Age of Electronic (Re)production. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Langer, Jessica. Postcolonialism and Science Fiction. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012.
Larbalestier, Justine. The Battle of the Sexes in Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2002.
Lavender, Isiah III. Race in American Science Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011.
Lawler, Donald L.Approaches to Science Fiction. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1978.
LeFanu, Sarah. In the Chinks of the World Machine: Feminism and Science Fiction. London: The Women’s Press, 1988.
LeGuin, Ursula K.The Language of the Night: Essays on Fantasy and Science Fiction. Revised edition. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.
Leonard, Elizabeth Anne, ed. Into Darkness Peering: Race and Color in the Fantastic. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.
Lerner, Frederick A.Modern Science Fiction and the American Literary Community. Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1985.
Lundwall, Sam J.Science Fiction: What It’s All About. New York: Ace, 1971.
Malmgren, Carl.Worlds Apart: Narratology of Science Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.
McGrath, James F., ed. Religion and Science Fiction. Eugene: Pickwick, 2011.
Meyers, Walter E.Aliens and Linguistics: Language Study and Science Fiction. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1980.
Miller, Fred D. Jr., and Nicholas D. Smith, eds. Thought Probes: Philosophy through Science Fiction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1981.
Mogen, David. Wilderness Visions: The Western Theme in Science Fiction Literature. Second edition. San Bernardino, CA: Borgo Press, 1993.
Moylan, Tom. Demand the Impossible: Science Fiction and the Utopian Imagination. London: Methuen, 1986.
Moylan, TomScraps of the Untainted Sky. Science Fiction, Utopia, Dystopia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.
Moylan, Tom, and Raffaella Baccolini, eds. Dark Horizons: Science Fiction and the Utopian Imagination. London: Routledge, 2003.
Murphy, Graham J., and Sherryl Vint. Beyond Cyperbunk: New Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2010.
Otto, Eric C.Green Speculations: Science Fiction and Transformative Environmentalism. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012.
Paik, Peter Y.From Utopia to Apocalypse: Science Fiction and the Politics of Catastrophe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Palumbo, Donald, ed. Erotic Universe: Sexuality and Fantastic Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.
Parrinder, Patrick, ed. Learning from Other Worlds: Estrangement, Cognition, and the Politics of Science Fiction. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.
Parrinder, Patrick, ed. Science Fiction. New York: Routledge, 1980.
Pierce, John J.Foundations of Science Fiction: A Study in Imagination and Evolution. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.
Porush, David. The Soft Machine: Cybernetic Fiction. New York: Methuen, 1985.
Reilly, Robert, ed. The Transcendent Adventure: Studies of Religion in Science Fiction/Fantasy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
Rieder, John. Colonialism and the Emergence of Science Fiction. Wesleyan, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2008.
Roberts, Robin. A New Species: Gender and Science in Science Fiction. Urbana: Illinois University Press, 1993.
Rose, Mark. Alien Encounters: Anatomy of Science Fiction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.
Rose, Mark ed. Science Fiction: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1976.
Russ, Joanna. To Write Like a Woman: Essays in Feminism and Science Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
Sandison, Alan, and Robert Dingley, eds. Histories of the Future: Studies in Fact, Fantasy, and Science Fiction. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Sawyer, Andy, and David Seed, eds. Speaking Science Fiction: Dialogues and Interpretations. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000.
Sayer, Karen, and John Moore, eds. Science Fiction, Critical Frontiers. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.
Schneider, Susan, ed. Science Fiction and Philosophy: From Time Travel to Superintelligence. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Scholes, Robert. Structural Fabulation: An Essay on Fiction of the Future. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 1975.
Scholes, Robert, and Eric Rabkin. Science Fiction: History, Science, Vision. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
Seed, David. American Science Fiction and the Cold War: Literature and Film. London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.
Seed, David ed. Imagining Apocalypse: Studies in Cultural Crisis. London: Macmillan, 2000.
Shaviro, Steven. Connected, or What It Means to Live in a Network Society. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
Shaviro, StevenPost-Cinematic Affect. Washington: Zero Books, 2010.
Shaw, Debra Benita. Women, Science and Fiction: The Frankenstein Inheritance. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Shippey, Tom, ed. Fictional Space: Essays on Contemporary Science Fiction. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.
Slusser, George, and Eric Rabkin, eds. Aliens: The Anthropology of Science Fiction. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1987.
Slusser, George, and Eric Rabkin, eds. Hard Science Fiction. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1986.
Slusser, George, and Tom Shippey, eds. Fiction 2000: Cyberpunk and the Future of Narrative. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.
Smith, Nicholas D., ed. Philosophers Look at Science Fiction. Chicago, IL: Nelson Hall, 1982.
Stockwell, Peter. The Poetics of Science Fiction. London: Longman, 2000.
Suvin, Darko. Metamorphoses of Science Fiction: On the Poetics and History of a Literary Genre. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1979.
Vint, Sherryl. Bodies of Tomorrow: Technology, Subjectivity, Science Fiction. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.
Wagar, W. Warren. Terminal Visions: The Literature of Last Things. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.
Warrick, Patricia S.The Cybernetic Imagination in Science Fiction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1980.
Westfahl, Gary. Cosmic Engineers: A Study of Hard Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Westfahl, Gary, and George Slusser, eds. Science Fiction, Canonization, Marginalization, and the Academy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Westfahl, Gary, and George Slusser and David Leiby, eds. Worlds Enough the Time: Explorations of Time in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Westfahl, Gary, and George Slusser and David Leiby, ed. Space and Beyond: The Frontier Theme in Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Williams, Evan Calder. Combined and Uneven Apocalypse. Hants, UK: Zero Books, 2010.
Wittenberg, David. Time Travel: The Popular Philosophy of Narrative. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.
Wolfe, Gary K., The Known and the Unknown: The Iconography of Science Fiction. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1979.
Wollheim, Donald A.The Universe Makers: Science Fiction Today. New York: Harper, 1971.
Wolmark, Jenny. Aliens and Others: Science Fiction, Feminism and Postmodernism. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1994.
Wolmark, Jenny ed. Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.
Womack, Ytasha L.Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 2013.
Yoke, Carl B.Phoenix from the Ashes: The Literature of the Remade World. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987.
Yoke, Carl B., and Donald M. Hassler, eds. Death and the Serpent: Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
Young, Elizabeth. Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor. New York: New York University Press, 2008.