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56. , , , . Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Anesth Analg. 2003;97:1514–1517.
57. , , . Use of a nerve stimulator does not improve the efficacy of ultrasound-guided supraclavicular nerve blocks. J Clin Anesth. 2006;18:580–584.
58. , , , , , , . Ultrasound guidance speeds execution and improves the quality of supraclavicular block. Anesth Analg. 2003;97:1518–1523.
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72. , , . Ultrasonographic findings of the axillary part of the brachial plexus. Anesthes Analg. 2001;92:1271–1275.
73. , , . Ultrasound guidance improves the success rate of perivascular axillary plexus block. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2006;50:678–684.
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77. , , . Perivascular axillary block VI: the distribution of gelatine solutions injected into the axillary neurovascular sheath of cadavers. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1986;30:18–22.
78. , . The use of peripheral nerve blocks at the elbow for carpal tunnel release. J Clin Anesth. 2005;17:621–623.
79. , . Blocks at the wrist provide effective anesthesia for carpal tunnel release. Can J Anaesth. 2001;48:656–660.
80. , , . Distal nerve blocks at the wrist for outpatient carpal tunnel surgery offer intraoperative cardiovascular stability and reduce discharge time. Anesth Analg. 2002;95:351–355.
81. , , , , . Nerve blocks at the wrist for carpal tunnel release revisited: the use of sensory nerve and motor nerve stimulation techniques. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005;30:536–540.
82. , , , . The division of the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa: anatomical implications for popliteal nerve blockade. Anesth Analg. 2001;92:215–217.
83. , ., , . Plexus blocks for lower extremity surgery. Anesthesiol Rev. 1974;1:1–621.
84. , , . The psoas compartment block. Anesthesiology. 1976;45:95–99.
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88. , , . A comparison of psoas compartment block and spinal and general anesthesia for outpatient knee arthroscopy. Anesth Analg. 97:1003–1009.
89. , , , , . A comparison of patient-controlled analgesia and continuous lumbar plexus block after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy. 1993;9:87–90.
90. , , . Patient satisfaction and effectiveness of lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve block for total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2001;16:17–21.
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93. , , , . Effect of a continous peripheral nerve block on the inflammatory response in knee arthroplasty. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2008;33:17–23.
94. , , , , , . Combined lumbar and sacral plexus block compared with plain bupivacaine spinal anesthesia for hip fractures in the elderly. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2000;25:158–162.
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96. , , , , . Lumbar plexus block reduces pain and blood loss associated with total hip arthroplasty. Anesthesiology. 2000;93:115–121.
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99. , 3rd, , . Lumbar plexus block with perineural catheter and sciatic nerve block for total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2002;17:499–502.
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102. , , , , , . Continuous lumbar plexus block for acute postoperative pain management after open reduction and internal fixation of acetabular fractures. J Orthopaed Trauma. 2003;17:362–367.
103. , , , , : Continuous psoas compartment block for anesthesia and perioperative analgesia in patients with hip fractures. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 1999;24:563–568.
104. , , . Lumbar plexus in children: a sonographic study and its relevance to pediatric regional anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:445–450.
105. , , , , . Colour Doppler imaging of the interspinous and epidural space. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2001;18:706–712.
106. , , . Ultrasound-guided lumbar facet nerve block: accuracy of a new technique confirmed by computed tomography. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:1195–1200.
107. , , . Ultrasound-guided lumbar facet nerve block: a sonoanatomic study of a new methodologic approach. Anesthesiology. 2004;100:1242–1248.
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127. , , . Addition of femoral 3-in-1 blockade to intra-articular ropivacaine 0.2% does not reduce analgesic requirements following arthroscopic knee surgery. Can J Anaesth. 1999;46:741–747.
128. , , , , , . The efficacy of femoral nerve block in pain reduction for outpatient hamstring anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a double-blind, prospective, randomized trial. Arthroscopy. 2000;16:243–248.
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130. , , . The efficacy of regional anesthesia for outpatient anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy. 1997;13:699–703.
131. , , . Economics of nerve block pain management after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: potential hospital cost savings via associated postanesthesia care unit bypass and same-day discharge. Anesthesiology. 2004;100:697–706.
132. , , , , . Intraoperative single-shot “3-in-1” femoral nerve block with ropivacaine 0.25%, ropivacaine 0.5% or bupivacaine 0.25% provides comparable 48-hr analgesia after unilateral total knee replacement. Can J Anaesth. 2001;48:1102–1108.
133. , . Continuous low-dose 3-in-1 nerve blockade for postoperative pain relief after total knee replacement. Anesth Analg. 1992;75:265–267.
134. , , , , . Effects of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with morphine, continuous epidural analgesia, and continuous three-in-one block on postoperative pain and knee rehabilitation after unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Anesth Analg. 1998;87:88–92.
135. , , , , , . Effects of perioperative analgesic technique on the surgical outcome and duration of rehabilitation after major knee surgery. Anesthesiology. 1999;91:8–15.
136. , , . Comparison of lumbar plexus block versus conventional opioid analgesia after total knee replacement. Anaesthesia. 1991;46:275–277.
137. , , , . Comparison of intrathecal morphine and continuous femoral 3-in-1 block for pain after major knee surgery under spinal anaesthesia. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 1998;15:6–9.
138. , , , , , . Postoperative pain treatment after open knee surgery: continuous lumbar plexus block with bupivacaine versus epidural morphine. Reg Anesth. 1991;16:34–37.
139. , , , , . Femoral nerve block: single injection versus continuous infusion for total knee arthroplasty. Reg Anesth. 1996;21:292–297.
140. , , . Comparing the effects of femoral nerve block versus femoral and sciatic nerve block on pain and opiate consumption after total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2003;18:583–586.
141. , , , . Sciatic nerve block and the improvement of femoral nerve block analgesia after total knee replacement. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2002;19:834–836.
142. , , . Analgesia after total knee arthroplasty: is continuous sciatic blockade needed in addition to continuous femoral blockade? Anesth Analg. 98:747–749.
143. , , . Continuous femoral blocks improve recovery and outcome of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2001;16:436–445.
144. , , . Total knee replacement: a comparison of ropivacaine and bupivacaine in combined femoral and sciatic block. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2001;45:477–481.
145. , , . Postoperative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty: a study comparing spinal anesthesia and combined sciatic femoral 3-in-1 block. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 1998;23:142–146.
146. , , , , , . Ultrasonographic guidance reduces the amount of local anesthetic for 3-in-1 blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 1998;23:584–588.
147. , , , , . The ultrasonographic appearance of the femoral nerve and cases of iatrogenic impairment. J Ultrasound Med. 2003;22:163–172.
148. , , . The importance of transducer angle to ultrasound visibility of the femoral nerve. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2005;30:505.
149. , , , . Deep venous thrombosis revealed during ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block. Br J Anaesth. 2005;94:247–248.
150. , , . French Study Group on Continuous Peripheral Nerve B: continuous peripheral nerve blocks in hospital wards after orthopedic surgery: a multicenter prospective analysis of the quality of postoperative analgesia and complications in 1,416 patients. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:1035–1045.
151. , , , , . Falls associated with lower-extremity-nerve blocks: a pilot investigation of mechanisms. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007;32:67–72.
152. , , , , . Complications and adverse effects associated with continuous peripheral nerve blocks in orthopedic patients. Anesth Analg. 104:1578–1582.
153. , , , , , . Ultrasound examination and localization of the sciatic nerve: a volunteer study. Anesthesiology. 104:309–314.
154. , . Ultrasound-guided subgluteal sciatic nerve blocks with stimulating catheters in children: a descriptive study. Anesth Analg. 103:328–333. [see comment]
155. , , . Ultrasound guidance for a lateral approach to the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Anaesthesia. 2004;59:1023–1025.
156. , , , . Ultrasound guidance for difficult lateral popliteal catheter insertion in a patient with peripheral vascular disease. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2004;29:368–370.
157. , , , , , . Bloqueo popliteo posterior guiado por ecografia. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2004;51:604–607.
158. , , , , . Ultrasound-assisted conversion of toxic beta-asarone into nontoxic bioactive phenylpropanoid: isoacoramone, a metabolite of Piper marginatum and Acorus tararinowii. Nat Prod Res. 2004;18:219–223.
159. , , . Serious complications related to regional anesthesia: results of a prospective survey in France. Anesthesiology. 1997;87:479–486.
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162. , , , , . Stereoselective block of a human cardiac potassium channel (Kv1.5) by bupivacaine enantiomers. Biophys J. 1995;69:418–427.
163. , , . Maximum recommended doses of local anesthetics: a multifactorial concept. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2004;29:564–575; discussion 524.
164. , . Nerve injury associated with regional anesthesia. Curr Top Med Chem. 2001;1:199–203.
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169. , , , , . Successful use of a 20% lipid emulsion to resuscitate a patient after a presumed bupivacaine-related cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:217–218.
170. , , , , . Injuries associated with regional anesthesia in the 1980s and 1990s: a closed claims analysis. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:143–152.
171. , . Evaluation of brachial plexus anesthesia for upper extremity surgery. Reg Anesth. 1994;19:175–182.