To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Given the jump–decay citation patterns discussed in the previous chapter, are we forced to conclude that the papers we publish will be relevant for only a few years? We find that while aggregate citations follow a clear pattern, the trajectories of individual citations are remarkably variable. Yet, by analyzing individual citation histories, we are able to isolate three parameters – immediacy, longevity, and fitness – that dictate a paper’s future impact. In fact, all citation histories are governed by a single formula, a fact which speaks the universality of the dynamics that at first seemed quite variant. We end by discussing how a paper’s ultimate impact can be predicted using one factor alone: its relative fitness. We show how papers with the same fitness will acquire the same number of citations in the long run, regardless of which journals they are published in.
A ‘Sleeping beauty’ is a scientific article that becomes highly cited long after its publication.
To present this phenomenon, not limited to biomedical research.
Literature search on Google.
The most famous case of ‘Sleeping beauty’ was that of Gregor Mendel's seminal study on plant genetics that received widespread recognition 31 years after its publication.‘Sleeping beauties’ led to Nobel prizes (Herman Staudinger, Nobel in Chemistry 1953; Peyton Rous, Nobel in Chemistry 1966). They usually reflect premature discoveries that the scientific community was not ready to recognize when published. Some suppose that this has to do with most scientists’ tendency to adhere to their established paradigms. The article's authors may also be young and/or low in the hierarchy of science and their work is initially ignored. Perhaps the paper is not written in the right way for the right journal, il lacks clarity or is not adequately ‘promoted’ by its authors (e.g. in scientific meetings). Maybe the findings are difficult to be conceptually connected to the existing knowledge by a comprehensible and logical ‘bridge’. Sometimes a particular topic could be out of fashion only to see its popularity soar in future. ‘Sleeping beauties’ are thought to represent 100–1,000 articles out of nearly 1,000,000 papers published annually.
The public access granted to a lot of scientific articles makes difficult for a breakthrough paper to go unnoticed for long. However, just the quantity of today's publications could potentially ‘burry’ a great article.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.