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Plate-like β-FeSi2 bulk crystals with size of 10×10 mm2 and thickness of 1 mm were fabricated by annealing CVT (chemical vapor transport)-grown plate-like α-Fe2Si5 at 800°C in Ar atmosphere. Before annealing, α-Fe2Si5 crystals were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to be single crystals with flat surfaces. XRD measurements of β-FeSi2 crystals subjected to annealing showed that they had a po lycrystalline structure. The mean Fe/Si co mposit ion rat io of β-FeSi2 crystal measured by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) was 31/69 and it was the same as that of α-Fe2Si5 bulk crystal before annealing. SEM, Raman scattering and electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) measurements identified that there existed small Si precipitates mixed in the matrix of β-FeSi2 crystals. At annealing temperature of 800°C, the plate-like β-FeSi2 bulk was obtained even the annealing duration time was as short as 5 hours.
The structure of Ag nanoparticles, embedded in crystalline SiO2 by high-dose implantation, was investigated. It was found that single crystal is favored over multiple-twinned particles. In addition, the contracted (111) lattice spacing of the Ag nanocrystals was measured by x-ray diffraction.
We deposited diamond-like carbon (DLC) films, using frozen acetylene and acetone as the target of laser ablation. The frozen gases were dissociated by an ArF laser and a KrF laser. The DLC films were deposited on quartz substrates below 300°C. We measured the Raman spectra to identify the deposited films as DLC. The films showed the broad Raman peak at 1540 cm-1. The number of particles mixed into the deposits was controlled by laser power densities. By using the ArF laser for frozen acetylene we could reduce the hydrogen concentration in the films, which showed a high degree of dissociation of the source gas. The oxygen content was kept at the same level in the films deposited from frozen acetone as from frozen acetylene. The present results suggested the importance of energetic and charged species ejected from the frozen gas target.
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