To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
In this work, we succeeded in synthesis of spinel LiMn2O4 via a facile self-template method. The product displays a micro-/nanohybrid structure. Nanoparticles/plates act as the primary nanoblocks to build the secondary microarchitecture. There is the open space between the nanoblocks and the void space between the secondary structures. Electrochemical tests demonstrate that the as-synthesized sample exhibits superior rate capability and high-rate cycleability when contrasted with its solid counterpart. The initial discharge capacity is 126 mAh/g at 0.1 C, 110 mAh/g at 10 C, and 84 mAh/g at 20 C. The discharge capacity retention of about 80% is obtained after 800 cycles at 10 C. The high capacity and excellent cycling life of the material shows its potential for application as high-power batteries. The improved rate capability and cycleability can be attributed to its secondary structure that can facilitate fast Li-insertion/extraction and buffer the volume expansion/contraction upon cycling.
A TiO2/carbon nanotubes (TiO2/CNTs) composite was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method with in situ growth of CNTs using hydrothermally treated TiO2 as the starting material. The nanocomposite was characterized by powder x-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectrum, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms and was investigated as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The underlying mechanism for the improvement was analyzed by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The in situ synthesized composite showed better electrochemical performance than the pristine TiO2. The in situ formed CNTs not only supply an efficient conductive network but also keep the structural stability of the TiO2 particles, leading to improved electrochemical performance.
The Y-doped (Hf0.6Zr0.4)1-xYxNiSn (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.1, and 0.2) half-Heusler alloys have been prepared by levitation melting and spark plasma sintering. The effect of Y doping on thermoelectric properties of the alloys was investigated in the temperature range of 300–900 K. Y-doped samples had the lower electrical conductivity compared with the parent compound without Y doping. The thermal conductivity had weak dependence on Y doping content. The absolute values of Seebeck coefficient decreased significantly when x < 0.04. The sign of Seebeck coefficient turned from negative to positive at room temperature for x = 0.04 and 0.1, which means that the hole carriers became dominant in these alloys. However, the alloys changed to n-type conduction again at high temperatures. The maximum figure of merit value of about 0.45 was obtained at 780 K for the undoped sample.
Three-dimensional (3D) grain sizes and size distribution functions
(SDFs) are generally obtained by converting the 2D or ID grain sizes to 3D
with the methods based on a spherical grain shape model (S-model), which
can produce large systematic errors. In this report, a new polyhedral
grain model (P-model) is developed and experimentally checked with the
directly measured 3D grain sizes. The results show that the systematic
error originating from the S-model can be corrected by using the new
polyhedral grain model.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.