The aim of this study was to explore multitasking skills in a Chinese
sample of 22 children with attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD) compared with 22 healthy controls matched by gender, age, and IQ.
All of the participants completed the children's version of the Six
Elements Test (C-SET) and neuropsychological tests that captured specific
domains of attention, memory, and executive function. Children with ADHD
performed significantly worse than the healthy controls in all domains
except the number of rules broken in the C-SET. The majority of the C-SET
domain scores correlated significantly with measures of executive
function. The ADHD group also demonstrated deficits in various
neurocognitive test performances compared with the healthy group. This
preliminary study suggests that the C-SET is sensitive to multitasking
behavior in Chinese children with ADHD. The main impairments of
multitasking behavior in this clinical group involve the inhibition of
goal-directed planning, flexible strategy generation, and self-monitoring.
(JINS, 2006, 12, 575–579.)