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This research aimed to study the short-term seizure outcomes following treatment with 8 mg/kg/day prednisolone in children with infantile spasms (IS) refractory to vigabatrin. We hypothesized that high-dose prednisolone may result in similar rates of electroclinical remission when compared to published ACTH rates.
All consecutive children with hypsarrhythmia or hypsarrhythmia variant on EEG with/without IS, who had been treated with vigabatrin as first-line anti-seizure medication (ASM) followed by high-dose oral prednisolone (8 mg/kg/day; maximum 60 mg/day) in cases who did not respond to vigabatrin, were included. Clinical and electroclinical response (ECR) at 2 weeks following initiation of treatment and adverse effects were assessed.
Sixty-five children were included. A genetic etiology was seen in 38.5% cases. Complete ECR was seen in 30.8% (20/65) of the patients 2 weeks after vigabatrin. Complete ECR was noted in 77.8% (35/45) of the patients, 2 weeks after prednisolone initiation in children who failed vigabatrin, and this was sustained at 6 weeks in 66.7% (30/45) patients. Prednisolone was generally well tolerated.
High-dose (8 mg/kg/day) oral prednisolone resulted in sustained complete ECR (at 6 weeks) in two-thirds of the children with hypsarrhythmia or hypsarrhythmia variant on EEG with/without parentally reported IS. It was generally well tolerated and found to be safe.
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