European Community Directive 2002∕95∕EC restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. In particular, restrictions are placed on lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, and bromine (in polybrominated biphenyls or polybrominated diphenyl ethers). XRF is a convenient method for detecting the presence and measuring the amounts of these elements. Reliably quantifying all of these elements in plastics typically requires a large number of standards that are not yet readily available. Because of the light element matrix, using a “standardless” fundamental parameters method requires some reliance on the primary beam scatter, complicating the analysis algorithm and increasing the uncertainty. We have tested a simplified fundamental parameters method that determines the matrix via difference, requiring only one standard. The method was tested on a series of reference materials containing all of the regulated elements in a variety of plastic resins. One multi-element reference standard was used. It was necessary to include all of the additives in the specimens to achieve good quantitative accuracy. In addition, the scattered primary intensity was used in one set of tests to compensate for variations in specimen thickness. This thickness compensation was necessary to get acceptable results for Cd. Results were very promising, with average relative errors and relative standard deviations of about 10%.