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The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) on the decrease of depression and the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
This interventional study was carried out on 112 women (staff of a medical centre), 84 of whom were depressed and as current smokers, used on an average of 25 cigarettes per day. Some 78.6% of them were under psychiatric supervision for nine years. Finally, 28 smokers between the ages 25–55 were randomly selected and divided into two groups:
1) experimental, and
2) a control group.
The survey instruments were:
1) a questionnaire that contained personal, family, and smoking information, and
2) The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
Participants received six (6) week session of CBT.
Measured the effect of CBT through a pre-test and two post-tests. These results showed that there were significant decreases in depression with a reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
The results suggested that CBT provided some special benefits for women who smoke and suffer from depression.
The current study aims to test the hypothesis: Is suicide predictable? And try to classify the predictive factors in multiple suicide attempts.
A cross-sectional study was administered to 223 multiple attempters, women who came to a medical poison centre after a suicide attempt. The participants were young, poor, and single. A Regression Logistic Test was used to classify the predictive factors of suicide.
Women who had multiple suicide attempts exhibited a significant tendency to attempt suicide again. They had a history for more than two years of multiple suicide attempts, from three to as many as 18 times, plus mental illnesses such as depression and substance abuse. They also had a positive history of mental illnesses.
Results indicate that contributing factors for another suicide attempt include previous suicide attempts, mental illness (depression), or a positive history of mental illnesses in the family affecting them at a young age, and substance abuse.
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