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The Falerii Novi Project represents a newly formed archaeological initiative to explore the Roman city of Falerii Novi. The project forms a collaboration of the British School at Rome with a multinational team of partner institutions. Thanks to a rich legacy of geophysical work on both the site and its territory, Falerii Novi presents an exceptional opportunity to advance understanding of urbanism in ancient and medieval Italy. The Falerii Novi Project employs a range of methodologies, integrating continued site-scale survey with new campaigns of stratigraphic excavation, archival research and environmental archaeology. The project aims to present a more expansive and holistic urban history of this key Tiber Valley settlement by focusing on long-run socio-economic processes both within Falerii Novi and as they linked the city to its wider landscape.
Much has been written about guilty pleas and plea bargaining in common law countries and German confession bargaining,1 yet there has been relatively little comparative analysis of cooperation agreements, a form of negotiated resolution of mainly serious criminal cases, which, unlike plea bargaining, has as its goal the securing of investigative help and trial testimony theoretically aimed at bringing leading players in organised crime to justice.
This study aimed to explore the relationships between situational and psychological factors and Hong Kong citizens’ plastic waste management (PWM) intentions based on an extended theory of planned behaviour model with situational factors. A total of 996 Hong Kong permanent residents were surveyed, and data were analysed using structural equation modelling. The results revealed that situational factors had a direct and positive effect on PWM intention, but also affected PWM intention indirectly through their significant effects on attitude and perceived behavioural control regarding PWM. The implications for environmental education and policy are discussed.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: The purpose of this study is to identify and quantitatively describe environmental barriers to community engagement and activity participation for adults with stroke and low income. Repeated electronic surveys collected in real time will reduce recall bias and improve characterization of barriers. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: 20-30 community-dwelling adults with stroke and low income will be recruited for this pilot study. Inclusion criteria: > 1 month post stroke and evidence that they have the vision, literacy, and cognitive capacities to answer survey questions on a smart device. Exclusion criteria: severe aphasia, severe mental illness or substance abuse within 3 months, and ataxia. Participants will complete standardized assessments of daily activities, engagement in and perceptions about community activities, social support, and perceived environmental barriers. Participants then complete four surveys per day for 14 days using an app on an iPod Touch, reporting activities attempted and barriers encountered. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: This is the first study of this kind and is a work in progress. We anticipate that the environmental barriers reported will include physical (e.g. built structures, climate, and natural terrain), social (e.g. support or lack thereof; stigma), political (e.g. access to transportation; healthcare services), and technological barriers (e.g. difficulties with personal equipment and/or technologies such as elevators, ticket kiosks, etc.). DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: An increased understanding of the barriers facing community-dwelling adults with stroke and low income will facilitate the development of culturally-appropriate and more accessible self-management programs to help this population re-engage in their communities and return to pre-stroke activities.