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Diversity remains low among US colleges faculty, with only 3% identifying as Black or Hispanic. Moreover, underrepresented racial minority faculty often face unique challenges and are less likely than their white counterparts to earn higher academic rank, tenure, and funding, especially those who study health equity. We developed a novel program for health-equity focused pre-docs and junior faculty. The Disparities Researchers Equalizing Access for Minorities (DREAM) Scholars is a 24-month career development program led by the Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) that provides pilot and travel funding, career development seminars, mentoring, and writing retreats. We report the outcomes of the first Scholar cohort (N = 10), pre-docs n = 6; assistant professors, n = 4; seven were Black, one Hispanic, two White, one who identified as non-binary. At the end of the program, Scholars coauthored 34 manuscripts, 9 abstracts and 8 grants. Semi-structured interviews revealed seven major program strengths: funding, support and sense of community, accountability, exposure to translational science, network expansion, and exposure to multidisciplinary peers. Scholars provided feedback useful for subsequent cohorts. The DREAM program provided accountability and fostered a sense of community, expanded professional networks and enhanced scholarly productivity. The program serves as a model for implementation throughout the CCTSs.
A basic tenet of ecotourism is to enhance conservation. However, few studies have assessed its effectiveness in meeting conservation goals and whether the type of tourism activity affects outcomes. This study examines whether working in ecotourism changes the perceptions of and attitudes and behaviours of local people towards the focal species and its habitat and, if so, if tourism type affects those outcomes. We interviewed 114 respondents at four whale shark Rhincodon typus tourism sites in the Philippines to compare changes in perceptions of and attitudes and behaviours towards whale sharks and the wider marine environment. We found that the smaller scale tourism sites had greater social conservation outcomes than the mass or failed tourism sites, including changes in conservation ethics and perceptions of and attitudes and behaviours towards whale sharks and the ocean. Furthermore, of the three active tourism sites, the smallest site, with the lowest economic returns and the highest negative impacts on whale sharks prior to tourism activities, had the largest proportion of respondents who reported a positive change in perceptions of and attitudes and behaviours towards whale sharks and the ocean. Our results suggest that tourism type, and the associated incentives, can have a significant effect on conservation outcomes and ultimately on the ecological status of an Endangered species and its habitat.
Fourteenth Century England aims to publish high-quality refereed academic research on topics relating to England, its dominions and neighbours. This volume follows in the footsteps of the previous eight volumes in the series by showcasing a wide-ranging selection of studies reflecting the concerns and trends of current scholarship in the field. We make no attempt to ‘theme’ the volumes, preferring to present whatever is good and innovative in current research in the period, thereby acting as a channel for the dissemination of new ideas, trends and debates. In this volume there are two essays on politics, two on religion, two on chronicle writing and two on aspects of the law. We are also delighted to introduce a new ‘Notes and Documents’ format for shorter, source-focused discussion. Although we do not rely on the proceedings of a specific conference, the continuing vitality of fourteenth-century studies owes much to the sessions organised under the auspices of the Society for Fourteenth-Century Studies at the annual International Medieval Congress (IMC), Leeds, and the Society of the White Hart at the annual International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan. A number of essays in this volume received their first ‘public airing’ in one of these contexts, and the cosmopolitan nature of these conferences allows us constant access to a vibrant source of medieval research from around the globe.
This volume marks a change in both the team responsible for organising the sessions at IMC Leeds and in preparing the Fourteenth Century England (FCE) volumes for publication. We are delighted and honoured to have been asked to join the FCE team by its existing members – Chris Given-Wilson, Jeff Hamilton, Mark Ormrod and Nigel Saul. We would like to thank them for their assistance in the organisation of the sessions at Leeds as well as the assiduousness with which they, along with various external referees, read and commented on submissions to this volume. Additionally, Alison McHardy in particular should be thanked for her willingness to look over submissions in this regard. We would also like to extend our collective thanks to Caroline Palmer and the staff at Boydell & Brewer for their continuing support of the series, and for the expertise and patience they have shown in seeing this volume through to publication.
The wide-ranging studies collected here reflect the latest concerns of and trends in fourteenth-century research, including work on politics, the law, religion, and chronicle writing. The lively (andcontroversial) debate around the death of Edward II, and the brief but eventful career of John of Eltham, earl of Cornwall, receive detailed treatment, as does the theory and implementation of both the law of treason in England and high status execution in Ireland. There is an investigation of the often overlooked, yet ever present, lesser parish clergy of pre-Black Death England, along with the notable connections between Roman remains and craft guild piety in fourteenth-century York. There are also chapters shedding new light on fourteenth-century chronicles: one examines the St Albans chronicle through the prism of chivalric culture, another analyses the importance of the Chester Annals of 1385-8 in the writing culture of the Midlands. Introduced with this volume is a new section on "Notes and Documents"; re-examined here is an often-cited letter from the reign of Richard II and the problematic, yet crucial, issue of its authorship and dating.
James Bothwell is Lecturer in Later Medieval History at the University of Leicester; Gwilym Dodd is Associate Professor of Medieval History at the University of Nottingham
Contributors: Paul Dryburgh, ine Foley, Christopher Guyol, Andy King, Jessica Knowles, E. Amanda McVitty, D.A.L. Morgan, Philip Morgan, David Robinson.
This study investigates the expression of past temporal reference in a highly conservative variety of Acadian French spoken in the Baie Sainte-Marie region of Nova Scotia, Canada. Variationist analysis of data from a sociolinguistic corpus for the village of Grosses Coques reveals a split between narrative and conversational discourse, with variation mainly between use of the passé simple and the imparfait in the former and between the passé composé and the imparfait in the latter. The passé simple remains in robust use in this variety and is constrained in a manner similar to that found in 17th-century representations of colloquial speech involving narration.
This article is concerned with the role of media representations of language use in the promotion of language ideologies and in identity construction. It focuses on media representations of Chiac, a traditionally low-status variety of Acadian French. We consider performances of this variety in the adventures of an animated superhero, Acadieman, presented in a cable TV show running on Rogers TV from 2005 to 2009. We first contextualize Acadieman in terms of the linguistic and cultural contexts in which Chiac is spoken. We then consider how particular social meanings are created through contrasts between Chiac-speaking characters and speakers of other varieties. While the juxtaposition of varieties is at one level quite humorous, on another level it draws on complex indexicalities and valorizes the local variety and, by extension, its speakers. Finally, we argue that the Acadieman phenomenon provides a discursive space within which present-day Acadian identities can be negotiated.
This chapter presents the clinical history, examination, follow-up, treatment, diagnosis, and the results of the procedures performed on a 54-year-old man who reported that he had been having problems with his sleep for the previous 20 years. He said he had "bad dreams". A detailed neurological examination was completely normal. Cardiac and respiratory examinations were also normal. Overnight video-polysomnography (PSG) was planned. EEG showed occasional 1-second or so runs of moderate amplitude (2-5 Hz) slowing in either temporo-frontal region during early drowsiness. The episodes were thought to be frontal lobe seizures leading to a diagnosis of nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE). The diagnosis was NFLE with central sleep apnea (due to seizures). The differential diagnosis of these nocturnal events includes NREM-sleep-arousal parasomnias, REM-sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and psychogenic disorders. The video-PSG and the home study were very helpful in the diagnosis of this patient.
This chapter presents the clinical history, examination, and the results of the procedures performed on a patient who was a 14-year-old young woman who, according to her parents, has had problems sleeping for several years. The results of the studies showed that the patient had a total of 144 sleep-related respiratory events, with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 22.47 per hour. There were 140 central apneas and four hypopneas, with 126 events occurring in NREM sleep. The diagnosis was Chiari 1 malformation with associated central sleep apnea. The patient also had a syrinx from C3 through the thoracic cord. Treatment of Chiari 1 malformation involves suboccipital decompression (posterior fossa craniectomy), with or without upper cervical laminectomy. In this case too, the patient underwent suboccipital decompression, and remained in the hospital for 4 days, with some immediate post-operative sleep-related apneas but subsequent significant improvement of sleep.