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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a devastating rare disease that affects individuals regardless of ethnicity, gender, and age. The first-approved disease-modifying therapy for SMA, nusinursen, was approved by Health Canada, as well as by American and European regulatory agencies following positive clinical trial outcomes. The trials were conducted in a narrow pediatric population defined by age, severity, and genotype. Broad approval of therapy necessitates close follow-up of potential rare adverse events and effectiveness in the larger real-world population.
The Canadian Neuromuscular Disease Registry (CNDR) undertook an iterative multi-stakeholder process to expand the existing SMA dataset to capture items relevant to patient outcomes in a post-marketing environment. The CNDR SMA expanded registry is a longitudinal, prospective, observational study of patients with SMA in Canada designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of novel therapies and provide practical information unattainable in trials.
The consensus expanded dataset includes items that address therapy effectiveness and safety and is collected in a multicenter, prospective, observational study, including SMA patients regardless of therapeutic status. The expanded dataset is aligned with global datasets to facilitate collaboration. Additionally, consensus dataset development aimed to standardize appropriate outcome measures across the network and broader Canadian community. Prospective outcome studies, data use, and analyses are independent of the funding partner.
Prospective outcome data collected will provide results on safety and effectiveness in a post-therapy approval era. These data are essential to inform improvements in care and access to therapy for all SMA patients.
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by late onset proximal muscle involvement associated with cardiac complications such as atrioventricular conduction blocks, dilated cardiomyopathy, and sudden death.
Define the full phenotypic spectrum of a new mutation in the LMNA gene causing limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B.
We identified a large French Canadian family with the LGMD 1B phenotype and a cardiac conduction disease phenotype that carried a new mutation in the LMNA gene and sought to define its full phenotypic spectrum by performing complete neurological and cardiac evaluations, muscle biopsy, RNA and DNA studies.
The proband and 12 living at risk relatives were tested. In total, we identified seven carriers of a new (IVS9-3C>G) LMNA gene mutation. Of the three symptomatic patients, all had cardiac involvement, but only two presented proximal limb weakness. The one available muscle biopsy demonstrated a normally expressed lamin A/C protein, localized at the nuclear envelope. RNA study revealed a loss of exon 10 transcription caused by the IVS9-3C to G splicing mutation.
We have identified a new mutations in the LMNA gene in a French-Canadian family. This diagnosis has important implications for affected patients and their siblings since they may eventually require pacemaker implantation.
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