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The M-type hexaferrite Sr1−xLaxFe11.75Co0.10Zn0.15O19 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) magnetic powders and magnets were synthesized by the ceramic process. The phase constituents of the magnetic powders were analyzed by x-ray diffraction. There is a single magnetoplumbite phase in the magnetic powders with La content (0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.4). For the magnetic powders containing La content (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) or (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 0.7), magnetic impurities coexist in the structure. The microstructures of the magnets were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy. The magnets consist of homogenously distributed ferrite particles with the hexagonal structures. The magnetic properties of the magnets were measured by a permanent magnetic measure equipment. The remanence, maximum energy product, and Hk/Hcj ratio of the magnets at x = 0.3 reach the maximum values. However, the intrinsic coercivity and magnetic induction coercivity of the magnets at x = 0.2 reach the maximum values.
In this work, we succeeded in synthesis of spinel LiMn2O4 via a facile self-template method. The product displays a micro-/nanohybrid structure. Nanoparticles/plates act as the primary nanoblocks to build the secondary microarchitecture. There is the open space between the nanoblocks and the void space between the secondary structures. Electrochemical tests demonstrate that the as-synthesized sample exhibits superior rate capability and high-rate cycleability when contrasted with its solid counterpart. The initial discharge capacity is 126 mAh/g at 0.1 C, 110 mAh/g at 10 C, and 84 mAh/g at 20 C. The discharge capacity retention of about 80% is obtained after 800 cycles at 10 C. The high capacity and excellent cycling life of the material shows its potential for application as high-power batteries. The improved rate capability and cycleability can be attributed to its secondary structure that can facilitate fast Li-insertion/extraction and buffer the volume expansion/contraction upon cycling.
A TiO2/carbon nanotubes (TiO2/CNTs) composite was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method with in situ growth of CNTs using hydrothermally treated TiO2 as the starting material. The nanocomposite was characterized by powder x-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectrum, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms and was investigated as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The underlying mechanism for the improvement was analyzed by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The in situ synthesized composite showed better electrochemical performance than the pristine TiO2. The in situ formed CNTs not only supply an efficient conductive network but also keep the structural stability of the TiO2 particles, leading to improved electrochemical performance.
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