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Hands on the Stars is a long-term project developed by the IAU Commission C1 Education and Development of Astronomy and its WG3 Astronomy for Equity and Inclusion with the goal of creating the first international comparative list of astronomical words in as many sign languages as possible.
The present paper aims at identifying and assessing indicators of the
effects of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in coral reef regions, based on a
bibliography review in ecology, economics and social sciences. First the
various effects studied within each of these domains and the variables used
to measure them were censused. Potential ecological indicators were assessed
through their link with the question used (here termed “relevance”) and
their “effectiveness” which encompasses the issues of precision, accuracy
and statistical power. Relevance and effectiveness were respectively
measured by the frequency of use of each indicator and the proportion of
significant results in the reviewed articles. For social and economic
effects, the approach was not possible due to the low number of references;
we thus discussed the issue of finding appropriate indicators for those
fields. Results indicate: 1- the unbalance in literature between
disciplines; 2- the need for protocols and methodologies which include
controls in order to assess MPA effects; 3- an important proportion of
ecological indicators with low effectiveness; 4- the large number of
ecological effects still not studied or not demonstrated at present.
The present report documents the successful outcome in three patients with a unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis managed with an intracordal injection of autologous fat who ultimately experienced a complete recovery of function. Such data demonstrates the safety of intracordal autologous fat injection in patients who ultimately recover function.
The evolution of voice and speech parameters following supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) has been evaluated in a prospective fashion over an 18-month period of time in three patients using the Computerized Speech Lab (from Kay Elemetrics). Preliminary results demonstrate the post-operative instability of voice parameters. Speech parameters remain stable with time. Our data stresses that voice is attained post-operatively even if one arytenoid cartilage is disarticulated at time of resection.
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