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The development of predictive medicine for dentistry is very promising but there are potential abuses as well. Given that genetic testing is at the forefront of predictive medicine, legislation has been established governing activity related to genetics that is both open to the advances that genetic testing can provide and, at the same time, respectful of the fundamental rights of patients and in particular of the rights of minors.
Flow around a cavity is characterized by a self-sustained mechanism in which the shear layer impinges on the downstream edge of the cavity resulting in a feedback mechanism. Direct Numerical Simulations of the flow at low Reynolds number has been carried out to get pressure and velocity fluctuations, for the case of un-actuated and multi frequency actuation. A Reduced Order Model for the isentropic compressible equations based on the method of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition has been constructed. The model has been extended to include the effect of control. The Reduced Order dynamical system shows a divergence in time integration. A method of calibration based on the minimization of a linear functional of error, to the sensitivity of the modes, is proposed. The calibrated low order model is used to design a feedback control of cavity flows based on an observer design. For the experimental implementation of the controller, a state estimate based on the observed pressure measurements is obtained through a linear stochastic estimation. Finally the obtained control is introduced into the Direct Numerical Simulation to obtain a decrease in spectra of the cavity acoustic mode.
This work reports for the first time the synthesis of γ-(Al1-xFex)2O3 solid solutions with a high specific surface area (200-230 m2/g) by the decomposition of metal oxinate [(Al1-xFex)(C9H6ON)3] and investigated the potential of these materials as catalysts for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition using methane or ethylene as carbon the source. The nanocomposite powders prepared by reduction in H2-CH4 contain carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which are mostly double-walled but also contain a fair amount of undesirable carbon nanofibers, hollow carbon particles, and metal particles covered by carbon layers. Moreover, abundant metallic particles are observed to cover the surfaces of the matrix grains. By contrast, the nanocomposite powders prepared by reduction in N2-C2H4 are not fully reduced, and the CNTs are much more abundant and homogeneous. However, they are multiwalled CNTs with a significant proportion of defects. The powders were studied by several techniques including Mössbauer spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
During the last ten years, we have developed an efficient growth process of nitrides on silicon substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. In collaboration with partners AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on Si having promising performances have been fabricated. Focusing on the growth aspect and underlying some of the key issues, we present in this paper an overview of our contribution in the field of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on Si substrates.
This paper deals with the diffusion limit of a kinetic equation where the
collisions are modeled by a Lorentz type operator. The main aim is to construct a
discrete scheme to approximate this equation which gives for any value of the
Knudsen number, and in particular at the diffusive limit, the right discrete
diffusion equation with the same value of the diffusion coefficient as in the
continuous case. We are also naturally interested with a discretization which
can be used with few velocity discretization points, in order to reduce the cost of
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