Preplanting, soil-incorporated treatments of fenac (2,3,6-trichlorophenylacetic acid sodium salt) at 1, 2, 4, and 8 lb/A, 2,3,6-TBA (2,3,6-trichlorobenzoic acid dimethylamine salt) at 8, 12, and 16 lb/A, and 2,4-D 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid amine salt) at 12 lb/A applied in 1960 to six soil types infested with witchweed (Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze) resulted in some control of witchweed as measured by visual observations and corn yield. Two or three additional postemergence applications of 2,4-D at 1 lb/A were required to prevent witchweed seed production for the growing season. Witchweed parasitism on corn was greatly reduced by a preplanting treatment of fenac at 2 lb/A plus 2,4-D as a postemergence treatment.
All rates of 2,3,6-TBA and fenac at 8 lb/A caused moderate to severe corn injury with the most severe injury occurring on soils with relatively high clay content in the subsoil. Soil residual studies and field observations indicated fenac and 2,3,6-TBA may be present in Coastal Plain soils for more than 18 months.