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Certified Crop Advisors’ Perceptions of Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) Distribution, Herbicide Resistance, and Management in the Corn Belt

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Emilie E. Regnier
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
S. Kent Harrison
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
Mark M. Loux
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
Christopher Holloman
Affiliation:
Statistical Consulting Service, Department of Statistics, Ohio State University, 1958 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210
Ramarao Venkatesh
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
Florian Diekmann
Affiliation:
Ohio State University Libraries, 2120 Fyffe Road, Columbus, OH 43210
Robin Taylor
Affiliation:
Texas A&M AgriLife Research & Extension Center, 720 E. Blackland Road, Temple, TX 76502
Robert A. Ford
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
David E. Stoltenberg
Affiliation:
Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706
Robert G. Hartzler
Affiliation:
Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, 2104 Agronomy Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011
Adam S. Davis
Affiliation:
U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, Urbana, IL 61801
Brian J. Schutte
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology, and Weed Science, New Mexico State University, 945 College Ave, Las Cruces, NM 88011
John Cardina
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio Agricultural and Developmental Center, Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691
Kris J. Mahoney
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus, Ridgetown, Ontario N0P 2C0, Canada
William G. Johnson
Affiliation:
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, 915 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

Giant ragweed has been increasing as a major weed of row crops in the last 30 yr, but quantitative data regarding its pattern and mechanisms of spread in crop fields are lacking. To address this gap, we conducted a Web-based survey of certified crop advisors in the U.S. Corn Belt and Ontario, Canada. Participants were asked questions regarding giant ragweed and crop production practices for the county of their choice. Responses were mapped and correlation analyses were conducted among the responses to determine factors associated with giant ragweed populations. Respondents rated giant ragweed as the most or one of the most difficult weeds to manage in 45% of 421 U.S. counties responding, and 57% of responding counties reported giant ragweed populations with herbicide resistance to acetolactate synthase inhibitors, glyphosate, or both herbicides. Results suggest that giant ragweed is increasing in crop fields outward from the east-central U.S. Corn Belt in most directions. Crop production practices associated with giant ragweed populations included minimum tillage, continuous soybean, and multiple-application herbicide programs; ecological factors included giant ragweed presence in noncrop edge habitats, early and prolonged emergence, and presence of the seed-burying common earthworm in crop fields. Managing giant ragweed in noncrop areas could reduce giant ragweed migration from noncrop habitats into crop fields and slow its spread. Where giant ragweed is already established in crop fields, including a more diverse combination of crop species, tillage practices, and herbicide sites of action will be critical to reduce populations, disrupt emergence patterns, and select against herbicide-resistant giant ragweed genotypes. Incorporation of a cereal grain into the crop rotation may help suppress early giant ragweed emergence and provide chemical or mechanical control options for late-emerging giant ragweed.

Type
Special Topics
Copyright
Copyright © Weed Science Society of America 

Footnotes

Associate Editor for this paper: Theodore Webster, USDA-ARS.

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Certified Crop Advisors’ Perceptions of Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) Distribution, Herbicide Resistance, and Management in the Corn Belt
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