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Factors Affecting Seed Germination of Feather Fingergrass (Chloris virgata)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Nimesha Fernando*
Centre for Environmental Management, Faculty of Science and Technology, Federation University Australia, Mt. Helen, Victoria 3350, Australia
Talia Humphries
Centre for Environmental Management, Faculty of Science and Technology, Federation University Australia, Mt. Helen, Victoria 3350, Australia
Singarayer K. Florentine
Centre for Environmental Management, Faculty of Science and Technology, Federation University Australia, Mt. Helen, Victoria 3350, Australia
Bhagirath S. Chauhan
The Centre for Plant Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), The University of Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
Corresponding author's E-mail:


Laboratory experiments were carried out to determine the effect of several environmental factors on seed germination of feather fingergrass, one of the most significant emerging weeds in warm regions of the world. Seed germination occurred over a broad range of temperatures (17/7, 25/10, and 30/20 C), but germination being highest at alternating temperatures of 30/20 C under both 12 h light/12 h dark and 24 h dark conditions. Although seed germination was favored by light, some seeds were capable of germinating in the dark. Increasing salt stress decreased seed germination until complete inhibition was reached at 250-mM sodium chloride. Germination decreased from 64 to 0.7% as osmotic potential decreased from 0 to −0.4 MPa, and was completely inhibited at −0.6 MPa. Higher seed germination (> 73%) was observed in the range of pH 6.4 to 8 than the other tested pH levels. Heat shock had a significant effect on seed germination. Germination of seeds placed at 130 C for 5 min was completely inhibited for both dry and presoaked seeds. The results of this study will help to develop protocols for managing feather fingergrass, and to thus avoid its establishment as a troublesome weed in economically important cropping regions.

Weed Biology and Ecology
Copyright © 2016 by the Weed Science Society of America 

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Associate editor for this paper: Hilary Sandler, University of Massachusetts.


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