Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-7bjf6 Total loading time: 0.205 Render date: 2021-07-31T20:07:50.775Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Article contents

Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Asia Minor Bluegrass (Polypogon fugax)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Xian Wu
Affiliation:
College of Plant Protection, Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China, Nanjing Agricultural University, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
Jun Li
Affiliation:
College of Plant Protection, Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China, Nanjing Agricultural University, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
Hongle Xu
Affiliation:
College of Plant Protection, Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China, Nanjing Agricultural University, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
Liyao Dong
Affiliation:
College of Plant Protection, Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in East China, Nanjing Agricultural University, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Little published information is available related to seed germination and seedling establishment of Asia Minor bluegrass, a problematic grass weed in some regions of China. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different environmental factors on Asia Minor bluegrass seed germination. The optimum temperature for germination was around 10 to 20 C, and more than 90% of seeds germinated under 20/10 and 25/15 C temperature regimes. Also, light and pH did not appear to have any effect on seed germination. Asia Minor bluegrass was sensitive to osmotic stress, but tolerant of NaCl. No seedlings emerged when seeds were buried 4 cm deep. The result suggested that Asia Minor bluegrass has the potential to spread into a large area in China. To prevent its spreading, measures such as soil cultivation can be used to limit seed germination from increased burial depth and/or nonselective herbicides can be applied to kill early-germinating weed seedlings in late summer.

Type
Weed Biology and Ecology
Copyright
Copyright © Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Amber, V, Douglas, C, Laura, L, Douglas, W (2013) Manipulation of soil temperatures to influence brood emergence in the alkali bee (Nomia melanderi). Apidologie. 44:286294 Google Scholar
Atia, A, Smaoui, A, Barhoumi, Z, Abdelly, C, Debez, A (2011) Differential response to salinity and water deficit stress in Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf. provenances during germination. Plant Biol. 13:541545 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ba, FC, Zhao, Y (1997) Soil resources of tideland in China. Chin J Soil Sci. 28:4951 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Baskin, CC (1998) Seed: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. New York Academic. Pp 1213 Google Scholar
Benvenuti, S, Macchia, M (1997) Germination ecophysiology of bur beggarticks (Bidens tripartita) as affected by light and oxygen. Weed Sci. 45:696700 Google Scholar
Chauhan, BS, Gill, G, Preston, C (2006a) Factors affecting seed germination of annual sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) in southern Australia. Weed Sci. 54:854860 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chauhan, BS, Gill, G, Preston, C (2006b) Influence of environmental factors on seed germination and seedling emergence of rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum). Weed Sci. 54:10041012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008a) Germination ecology of goosegrass (Eleusine indica): an important grass weed of rainfed rice. Weed Sci. 56:699706 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008b) Germination ecology of Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis) in the Philippines. Weed Sci. 56:820825 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dai, WH, Huang, Y, Wu, L, Yu, J (2009) Relationship between soil organic matter and pH in China. Acta Pedol Sin. 46:851861 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Deng, H, Ye, ZH, Wong, MH (2009) Lead, zinc and iron (Fe2+) tolerances in wetland plants and relation to root anatomy and spatial pattern of ROL. Environ Exp Bot. 65:353362 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ding, B, Gu, XY, Miao, QL (2006) Characteristics in the variation of temperature over the Yangtze River Valley over last 50 years. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin. 15:531536 Google Scholar
Eslami, SV (2011) Comparative germination and emergence ecology of two populations of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) from Iran and Denmark. Weed Sci. 59:9097 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evert, S, Staggenborg, S, Olson, BLS (2009) Soil temperature and planting depth effects on tef emergence. J Agron Crop Sci. 195:232236 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fandrich, L, Mallory-Smith, CA (2006) Factors affecting germination of jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica) seed. Weed Sci. 54:677684 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Geissler, N, Hussin, S, Koyro, HW (2009) Interactive effects of NaCl salinity and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on growth, photosynthesis, water relations and chemical composition of the potential cash crop halophyte Aster tripolium L. Environ Exp Bot. 65:220231 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ghaderian, SM, Ravandi, A (2012) Accumulation of copper and other heavy metals by plants growing on Sarcheshmeh copper mining area, Iran. J Geochem Explor. 123:2532 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
He, YF, Lu, DQ, Ye, ZH, Zhang, WF, Jiang, J, Feng, XS, Zeng, M, Su, RH (2009) Weeds investigation of untilled oilseed rape field with rice stubble in Guizhou. Guizhou Agric Sci. 37:6567 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
[ISTA] International Seed Testing Association (1985) International rules for seed testing. Seed Sci Technol. 13:307513 Google Scholar
Jakhar, GS, Abro, SA, Maher, AQ, Qureshi, R (2005) Weed communities of wheat crop under diverse edaphogropghy of district Khairpur, Pakistan. Pakistan J Bot. 37:709714 Google Scholar
Kabeer, K, Nair, VJ (2007) Polypogon nilgiricus—a new species of Poaceae from India. Nord J Bot. 25:911 Google Scholar
Keshavarzi, M, Akhavan, F, Seifali, M (2007) Morphological variations of genus polypogon in Iran. Iranian Journal of Weed Science. 3:118128 Google Scholar
Li, RH, Qiang, S (2009) Composition of floating weed seeds in lowland rice fields in China and the effects of irrigation frequency and previous crops. Weed Res. 49:417427 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marcos, JO, Jason, KN (2006) Pitted morningglory (Ipomoea lacunosa) germination and emergence as affected by environmental factors and seeding depth. Weed Sci. 54:910916 Google Scholar
Qureshi, R, Waheed, A, Arshad, M (2009) Weed communities of wheat crop in District Toba Tek Singh, Pakistan. Pakistan J Bot. 41:239245 Google Scholar
Rao, N, Dong, LY, Li, J, Zhang, HJ (2008) Influence of environmental factors on seed germination and seedling emergence of American sloughgrass (Beckmannia syzigachne). Weed Sci. 56:529533 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singh, M, Ramirez, A, Sharma, SD, Jhala, AJ (2012) Factors affecting the germination of tall morningglory (Ipomoea purpurea). Weed Sci. 60:6468 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tang, W, Zhou, FY, Chen, J, Zhou, XG (2014) Resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides in an Asia minor bluegrass (Asia Minor bluegrass) population in China. Pest Biochem Physiol. 4:1620 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waheed, A, Qureshi, R, Jakhar, GS, Tareen, H (2009) Weed community dynamics in wheat crop of District Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan. Pakistan J Bot. 41:247254 Google Scholar
Wang, HC (2009) Factors affecting the germination of bluegrass (Poa annua L.). Jiangsu J Agric. 4:138140 Google Scholar
Zhang, CB, Ma, B, Qiang, S (2012) Analyses of species composition and diversity of weed seed bank of main crop fields in Jiangsu Province and its correlation with environmental factors. J Plant Resour Environ. 21:113 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Zhang, HJ (1993) Effects of Polypogon fugax on the wheat yield and its economic thresholds. Weed Sci. 108:1517 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Zheng, JY, Yin, YH, Li, BY (2010) A new scheme for climate regionalization in China. Acta Geogr Sin. 65:312 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Zhou, XG, Liu, XL, Chen, QH, Zhu, JY (2009) Study on investigation and chemical control of urban green space in Chengdu. Southwest Chin J Agric Sci. 22:972977 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
Zhu, WD, Wei, SH, Zhang, CX (2008) Species composition and characterization of weed community in oilseed rape fields in Hubei Province. Chin J Oil Crop Sci. 30:100105 [In Chinese]Google Scholar
14
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Asia Minor Bluegrass (Polypogon fugax)
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Asia Minor Bluegrass (Polypogon fugax)
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Asia Minor Bluegrass (Polypogon fugax)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *