Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-r5zm4 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-24T03:46:37.721Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Structural Foundations of Social Resilience

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 February 2020

Hulya Dagdeviren
Business School, University of Hertfordshire E-mail:
Luis Capucha
Department of Political Science and Public Policy, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa E-mail:
Alexandre Calado
Department of Political Science and Public Policy, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa E-mail:
Matthew Donoghue
Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford E-mail:
Pedro Estêvão
Department of Political Science and Public Policy, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa E-mail:


This article aims to contribute to the theoretical development of the social resilience approach. Recognising the interface between resilience and poverty studies, it proposes a distinct role for resilience research from a critical perspective to understand the dynamics of hardship in exceptional times, such as times of socio-economic crises, rather than explaining the long-term trajectories of poverty. It then provides a conceptual framework on the structural foundations of social resilience, highlighting three components: rules, resources and power relations. The article uses the 2008 crisis and the ensuing period of austerity as a microcosm to place the discussion within a contemporary context.

© Cambridge University Press 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Adger, W.N. (2000) ‘Social and ecological resilience: are they related?’, Progress in Human Geography, 24, 3, 347–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alderman, L. (2018) ‘Portugal dared to cast aside austerity. It’s having a major revival’, New York Times, 22 July.Google Scholar
Aldrich, D. (2012) Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Archer, M. (2010) ‘Morphogenesis versus structuration: on combining structure and action’, The British Journal of Sociology, 61, S1, 225–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Arnall, A. (2015) ‘Resilience as transformative capacity: exploring the quadripartite cycle of structuration in a Mozambican resettlement programme’, Geoforum, 66, 2636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arrow, K. J. (1994) ‘Methodological individualism and social knowledge’, the American Economic Review, 84, 2, 19.Google Scholar
Atkinson, A., Picketty, T. and Saez, E. (2011) ‘Top incomes in the long run of history’, Journal of Economic Literature, 49, 1, 371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Backman, O. and Nilsson, A. (2011) ‘Pathways to social exclusion – a life-course study’, European Sociological Review, 27, 107–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balasuriya, J., Dagdeviren, H., Luz, S., Malik, A. and Shah, H. (2019) ‘Financialisation, welfare retrenchment and subsistence debt in Britain’, New Political Economy, Scholar
Basso, G., Dolls, M., Eichhorst, W., Leoni, T. and Peichl, A. (2012) The Effects of the Recent Economic Crisis on Social Protection and Labour Market Arrangements across Socio-Economic Groups, Institute of Labour Economics (IZA) Working Paper, IZA DP No. 6080.Google Scholar
Barba, A. and Pivetti, M. (2009) ‘Rising household debt: its causes and macroeconomic implications – a long-period analysis’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33, 1, 113–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batty, E. and Cole, I. (2010) ‘Resilience and the recession in six deprived communities?’, York: JRF Programme Paper: Poverty and Place Programme, [accessed 02.10.2019].Google Scholar
Béné, C., Frankenberger, T. and Nelson, S. (2015) ‘Design, monitoring and evaluation of resilience interventions’, Working Paper No. 459, Brighton: IDS, [accessed 02.10.2019].Google Scholar
Bercht, A. (2013) ‘Resilience in face of changing living conditions in Guangzou, China’, Erkunde, 67, 1, 6374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkes, F. and Folke, C. (1998) Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Berkes, F., Colding, J. and Folke, C. (eds) (2003) Navigating Social–Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Blanchflower, D. G. (2015), ‘As good as it gets? The UK labour market in recession and recovery’, National Institute Economic Review, 231: F7680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blyth, M (2013) Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Boorman, J. (2009) ‘The current financial crisis: its origins, its impact, and the needed policy response’, Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, 1, 2, 127–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruneau, M., Chang, S., Eguchi, R., Lee, G., O’Rourke, T., Reinhorn, A., Shinozuka, M., Tierney, K., Wallace, W. and von Winterfeldt, D. (2003) ‘A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities’, Earthquake Spectra, 19, 4, 733–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buchardt, T. and Huerta, M. (2008) ‘Introduction: resilience and social exclusion’, Social Policy and Society, 8, 5961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Canvin, K., Marttila, A., Burstrom, B. and Whitehead, M. (2009) ‘Tales of the unexpected? Hidden resilience in poor households in Britain’, Social Science and Medicine, 69, 2, 238–45.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Castel, R. (1995) Les Métamorphoses De La Question Social, Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
Chung, H. and Thewissen, S. (2011) ‘Falling back on old habits? A comparison of the social and unemployment crisis reactive policy strategies in Germany, the UK and Sweden’, Social Policy and Administration, 45, 4, 354–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crouch, C. (2017) ‘Membership density and trade union power’, Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, 23, 1, 4761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dagdeviren, H. and Donoghue, M. (2019) ‘Resilience, agency and coping with hardship: evidence from Europe during the Great Recession’, Journal of Social Policy, 48, 8, 547–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dagdeviren, H., Donoghue, M. and Wearmouth, A. (2019) ‘When rhetoric does not translate to reality: hardship, empowerment and the third sector under austerity localism’, The Sociological Review, 67, 1, 143–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dagdeviren, H., Donoghue, M. and Meier, L. (2017) ‘The narratives of hardship: the new and old poor in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis in Europe’, The Sociological Review 65, 2, 369–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dagdeviren, H., Donoghue, M. and Promberger, M (2016) ‘Resilience, hardship and social conditions’, Journal of Social Policy, 45, 1, 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dean, H. (2015) Social Rights and Human Welfare, London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drutman, L. (2015) The Business of America is Lobbying, New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dymski, G. (2010) Why the subprime crisis is different: a Minskyian approach, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 34, 2, 239–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Estêvão, P, Calado, A. and Capucha, L. (2017) ‘Resilience: moving from a ‘heroic’ notion to a sociological concept’, Sociologia Problemas e Práticas, 85, Lisboa: Editora Mundos Sociais, 9-15.Google Scholar
Garthwaite, K. (2016) Hunger Pains: Life Inside Foodbank Britain, Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society, Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
Harrison, E. (2012) ‘Bouncing back? Recession, resilience and everyday lives’, Critical Social Policy, 33, 1, 97113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hickman, P. (2018) ‘A flawed construct? Understanding and unpicking the concept of resilience in the context of economic hardshipSocial Policy and Society, 17, 3, 409–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodgson, G.M. (2007) ‘Meanings of methodological individualism’, Journal of Economic Methodology, 14, 2, 211–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holling, C.S. (2001) ‘Understanding the complexity of economic: ecological, and social systems’, Ecosystems, 4, 5, 390405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keck, M. and Sakdapolrak, P. (2013) ‘What is social resilience?’, Erkunde, 67, 1, 519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keynes, J. M. (1937) ‘The general theory of employment’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 51, 2, 209–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krugman, P. (2012) End This Depression Now, W. W. Norton & CompanyGoogle Scholar
Lukes, S. (1968) ‘Methodological individualism reconsidered’, The British Journal of Sociology, 19, 2, 119–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahnkopf, B. (2012) ‘The euro crisis: German politics of blame and austerity - a neoliberal nightmare’, International Critical Thought, 2, 4, 472–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, R. and Sunley, P. (2012) ‘The place of path dependence in an evolutionary perspective on the economic landscape’, in Boschma, R. and Martin, R. (eds.), Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, Chichester: Edward Elgar, 6292.Google Scholar
Martin, R. and Sunley, P. (2015) ‘On the notion of regional economic resilience: conceptualization and explanation’, Journal of Economic Geography, 15, 1, 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milne, A. and Rankine, D. (2013) ‘Reality, resources, resilience: regeneration in a recession’, York: JRF Programme Paper, Scholar
Mohaupt, S. (2009) ‘Review article: resilience and social exclusion’, Social Policy and Society, 8, 1, 6371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mullin, W. J. and Arce, M. (2008) ‘Resilience of families living in poverty’, Journal of Family Social Work, 11, 4, 424–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nolan, B. and Whelan, C.T. (1996) Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty, Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
OBR (2016) October 2016 Welfare Trends Report, London: Office for Budget Responsibility.Google Scholar
Olsson, E. (2007) ‘The economic side of social relations: household poverty, adolescents’ own resources and peer relations’, European Sociological Review, 23, 4, 471–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piketty, T. (2013) Le Capital au XXIeme Siécle, Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
Rajan, R. (2010) Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Revilla, J. C., Martin, P. and de Castro, C. (2018) ‘The reconstruction of resilience as a social and collective phenomenon: poverty and coping capacity during the economic crisis’, European Societies, 20, 1, 89110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rose, A. (2007) ‘Economic resilience to natural and man-made disasters: multidisciplinary origins and contextual dimensions’, Environmental Hazards, 7, 4, 383–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rowntree, B. S. and Lavers, G. R. (1951) Poverty and the Welfare State, London: Longmans, Green & Co.Google Scholar
Saraceno, C. (2017) ‘Southern Europe welfare regimes: from differentiation to reconvergence?’, in Kennett, P. and Lendvai-Bainton, N. (eds), Handbook of European Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 218–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seccombe, K. (2002) ‘Beating the odds’ versus ‘changing the odds’: poverty, resilience, and family policy’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 2, 384–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, A. (1985) Commodities and Capabilities, Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
Sapountzaki, K. (2012) ‘Vulnerability management by means of resilience’, Natural Hazards, 60, 3, 1267–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stiglitz, J. (2012) The Price of Inequality, New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
The Economist (2017) ‘Ten years on: a decade after the crisis, how are the world’s banks doing?’, Special Report, 6 May.Google Scholar
Thompson, D. (2013) ‘Employment down, profits up: the aftermath of the financial crisis’, The Atlantic, 13 September.Google Scholar
Townsend, P. (1998) ‘Deprivation’, Journal of Social Policy, 16, 2, 125–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vandecasteele, L. (2011) ‘Life course risks or cumulative disadvantage? The structuring effect of social stratification and life course events on poverty transitions in Europe’, European Sociological Review, 27, 246–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, B., Carpenter, S., Anderies, J., Abel, N., Cumming, G., Janssen, M., Lebel, L., Norberg, J., Peterson, G.D. and Pritchard, R. (2002) ‘Resilience management in social-ecological systems’, Conservation Ecology, 6, 1, 1424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walsh-Dilley, M., Wolford, W. and McCarthy, J. (2016) ‘Rights for resilience: bringing power, rights and agency into the resilience framework’, Ecology and Society, 21, 1, 1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watson, D. and Maître, B. (2013) ‘Social transfers and poverty alleviation in Ireland: an analysis of the csoo survey on income and living conditions 2004-2011’, Social Inclusion Report No.4, Dublin: Department of Social Protection and Economic and Social Research Institute.Google Scholar
Watts, B., Fitzpatrick, S., Bramley, G. and Watkins, D. (2014) Welfare Sanctions and Conditionality in the UK, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
Welsh, M. (2014) ‘Resilience and responsibility: governing uncertainty in a complex world’, The Geographical Journal, 180, 1, 1526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Werner, E. E. (1995) ‘Resilience in development’, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 3, 81–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar