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‘The Undiscover'd Country’ an Exploration – ‘The Life Everlasting’*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 January 2009

D. W. D. Shaw
St Mary's CollegeSt Andrews, Fife


In memory of Alan Lewis, student, colleague and above all friend, at whose ordination as a minister of the Church of Scotland the author was privileged to preach, Kirkliston Parish Church, Midlothian, 4th December, 1977.

Research Article
Copyright © Scottish Journal of Theology Ltd 1994

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1 Copyright The Scotsman Publications Ltd., 20 North Bridge, Edinburgh EH1 1YT (PO Box 56, tel 031–225–2468 Telex 72255, Facs. 031–225–7303).

2 Critique of Pure Reason, London (1934), p. 457.Google Scholar

3 Letter addressed to Presidents of Episcopal Conferences ‘on certain matters concerning eschatology’, published 17th May 1979, quoted in Tugwell, S., Human Immortality and the Redemption of Death, (1989), Darton, Longman & Todd, London, p. 175.Google Scholar

4 Synodus Episcoporum, Bulletin Nr. 34, 14th December, 1991, Holy See Press Office, p. 4 (unofficial translation).

5 Book of Common Order of the Church of Scotland, (1940) O. U. P., London, p. 177.

6 Book of Common Order (1979), St Andrew Press, Edinburgh, p. 94.

7 Phaedo, 107C, quoted in Hick, J., Death and Everlasting Life, (1976) Collins, London, p. 73Google Scholar ‘If the soul is immortal it demands our care not only for that part of time which we call life, but for all time; and indeed, it would seem now that it would be extremely dangerous to neglect it. If death were a release from everything, it would be a boon for the wicked, because in dying they would be released not only from the body but also from their own wickedness together with the soul; but as it is, since the soul is clearly immortal, it can have no escape or security from evil except by becoming as good and as wise as it possibly can. For it takes nothing with it to the next world but its education and training…’

8 See Tugwell, Simon, op. cit., p. 113.

9 See Badham, P., Christian Beliefs about Life after Death, (1976) Macmillan, London. cf. 1979CrossRefGoogle Scholar Letter from Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith: ‘The Church affirms the subsistence, and continuation after death of a spiritual substance, endowed with consciousness and will, in such a way that the human “I” subsists, though for the moment lacking its body.’

10 e.g. Lewis, H. D., The Elusive Mind, (1969) Allen Unwin, LondonGoogle Scholar; also The Self and Immortality, (1973) Macmillan, London.Google Scholar

11 e.g. The Evolution of the Soul (1986) Clarendon, Oxford.Google Scholar

12 See Lewis, H. D. ed., Persons and Life after Death, (1978) Macmillan, London, pp. 131ff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

13 Hutchinson, London.

14 e.g. Williams, Bernard and Flew, Antony in Lewis, H. D., ed., Persons and Life After Death, (1978), Macmillan, London, esp. pp. 49ff. and 94ff.Google Scholar

15 ‘Survival and the Idea of Another World’ in Smythies, J. R., ed., Brain and Mind, (1968), Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.Google Scholar

16 Ramsey, I. T., Freedom and Immortality, (1957), SMC Press, London.Google Scholar

17 Badham, P., op. dit., p. 38.

18 1 Cor. 15:44.

19 Summa Theologiae II.ii.a. 11 ob. 5, quoted in Tugwell, c, op. cit., p. 122.

20 ‘Life after Death. A Discussion’ in Lewis, H. D., ed., Persons and Life after Death, pp. 49ff.Google Scholar

21 e.g. Buber, Martin, I and Thou, E.T. (1970), T&T Clark, Edinburgh.Google Scholar

22 op. cit., pp. 43ff.

23 Quoted in Phillips, D. Z., Death and Immortality (1970), Macmillan, London, p. 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

24 op. cit., p. 45.

25 op. cit., p. 54.

26 op. cit., p. 50.

27 op. cit., p. 66.

28 e.g. by Mitchell, Basil in Philosophy of Religion, (1971), O.U.P. pp. 6ff.Google Scholar

29 See Resurrection of the Body or Immortality of the Soul? (1958) Epworth Press, London.Google Scholar

30 Human Immortality and the Redemption of Death (1990) Darton, Longman & Todd, London.Google Scholar

31 Death: the Riddle and the Mystery, (1976) St Andrew Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar

32 op. cit., p. 74.

33 op. cit., p. 89.

34 op. cit., p. 75.

35 op. cit., p. 60.

36 op. cit., p. 84.

37 op. cit., p. 108.

38 op. cit., p. 120.

39 ‘Time, Death and Everlasting Life’ in The Logic of Perfection and Other Essays, (1962) Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, Illinois.Google Scholar

40 Particularly in ‘The Last Things’ in a Process Perspective (1970), Epworth Press, LondonGoogle Scholar; also After Death Life in God (1980) SCM Press, London.Google Scholar

41 ‘The Last Things’, op. cit. p. 49.

42 Quoted in Pittenger, N, op. cit., pp. 49f.

44 See Christ in a Pluralistic Age, (1975) Westminster Press, Philadelphia.Google Scholar

45 op. cit., p. 247f.

46 op. cit., p. 248.

47 op. cit., pp. 250ff.

48 Hick, John, Death and Eternal Life, op. cit., pp. 459ff.

49 See Jesus, God and Man, E. T. (1968) SCM Press, London.Google Scholar

50 Romans 8:39.

51 See McIntyre, J., On the Love of God, (1962) Collins, London.Google Scholar

52 e.g. I Cor. 15:18; II Cor. 5:11–19.

53 e.g. Thomas, D.M., The White Hotel, (1981) Victor Gollancz, with its extraordinary last chapter.Google Scholar