Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-xfwgj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-16T21:49:15.740Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Two Beaker Burials from Chilbolton, Hampshire

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 February 2014

Andrew D. Russel
Affiliation:
63 Highfield Cresc., Southampton SO2 1SG
W. A. Boismier
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge
A. Foxon
Affiliation:
Town Docks Museum, Queen Victoria Sq., Hull HU1 3DX
F. J. Green
Affiliation:
Test Valley Archaeological Trust, Orchard House, Orchard Lane, Romsey, Hampshire SO51 8DP
Anne Stirland
Affiliation:
Institute of Archaeology, 31–34 Gordon Sq., London WC1
Diane Williams
Affiliation:
School of History and Archaeology, University of Wales College of Cardiff, PO Box 909, Cardiff CF1 3XU

Abstract

The stripping, for commercial purposes, of an area of chalk downland near Leckford, Hants., led to the excavation of a small ring ditch containing the remains of two male inhumations. The earlier, 3740±80 BP uncal., buried in a mortuary chamber, was accompanied by a bell-shaped beaker of early type (with European or Wessex/Middle Rhine affinities), an antler spatula, two pairs of gold earrings, a gold tubular bead, 55 stone beads, a copper dagger, a flint strike-a-light, a marcasite nodule and a number of flint tools and flakes. The second burial, 3780±80 BP uncal., interred shortly after the first in the same grave, was accompanied by a finger-nail decorated beaker and two flint flakes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Prehistoric Society 1990

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Allen, D. 1981. The excavation of a beaker burial monument at Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire, in 1978. Archaeological Journal 138, 71117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Annable, F. K. and Simpson, D. D. A. 1964. Guide Catalogue of the Neolithic and Bronze Age Collections in Devizes Museum. Devizes: Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society.Google Scholar
Ashbee, P. 1960. The Bronze Age Round Barrow in Britain. London: Phoenix House.Google Scholar
Ashbee, P. 1976. Amesbury Barrow 51: Excavations, 1960. Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine 70/71, 160.Google Scholar
Bradley, R. 1984. The Social Foundations of Prehistoric Britain. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Bradley, R., Chambers, R. and Halpin, C. E. 1984. Barrow Hills, Radley, 1983–4 Excavations: An Interim Report. Oxford: Blackwells.Google Scholar
Brailsford, J. W. 1953. Later Prehistoric Antiquities of the British Isles. London: British Museum.Google Scholar
Brothwell, D. R. 1981. Digging up Bones. Oxford: British Museum.Google Scholar
Burgess, C. 1980. The Age of Stonehenge. London: Dent.Google Scholar
Butler, J. J. 1956. The Late Neolithic Gold Ornament from Bennekom. Palaeohistoria 5, 5969.Google Scholar
Butler, J. J. 1963. Bronze Age connections across the North Sea. Palaeohistoria 9, 1286.Google Scholar
Butler, J. J. and Van der Waals, J. 1966. Bell Beakers and early metalworking in the Netherlands. Palaeohistoria 12, 41139.Google Scholar
Cameron, R. A. D. 1972. The distribution of Helicodonta obvoluta in Britain. Journal of Conchology 27, 363–69.Google Scholar
Cameron, R. A. D. 1973. Some woodland mollusc faunas from southern England. Malacologia 14, 355–70.Google Scholar
Case, H. J. 1953. The Mere, Roundway and Winterslow Beaker culture knives. Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 55, 135–38.Google Scholar
Case, H. J. 1966. Were Beaker-people the first metallurgists in Ireland? Palaeohistoria 12, 141–77.Google Scholar
Case, H. J. 1977a. The Beaker culture in Britain and Ireland. In Mercer, R. (ed.), Beakers in Britain and Europe: Four Studies, 71101. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series 26.Google Scholar
Case, H. J. 1977b. An early accession to the Ashmolean Museum. In Markotić, V. (ed.), Ancient Europe and The Mediterranean: Essays Presented in Honour of Hugh Hencken, 1834. Warminster: Aris and Phillips.Google Scholar
Case, H. J. In preparation. The Beaker Culture in Britain and Ireland.Google Scholar
Champion, T., Gamble, C., Shennan, S. and Whittle, A. 1984. Prehistoric Europe. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Clarke, D. L. 1970. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Donaldson, P. 1977. The excavation of a multiple round barrow at Barnack, Cambridgeshire. Antiquaries Journal 57, 197231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eluère, C. 1977. Les premiers Ors en France. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 74, Etudes et Travaux, fasc. 1, 390419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fox, A. 1973. South West England. Newton Abbot: David and Charles.Google Scholar
Gerloff, S. 1975. The Early Bronze Age Daggers in Great Britain and a Reconsideration of the Wessex Culture. Pràhistorische Bronzefunde, 6.2. Munich: Beck.Google Scholar
Glasbergen, W. 1954. Barrow excavations in the Eight Beatitudes. Palaeohistoria 3, 1204.Google Scholar
Green, F. J. 1979. Medieval Plant Remains: Methods and Results of Archaeological Analysis from Excavations in Southern England with Especial Reference to Winchester and Urban Settlements of the 10th to 15th centuries. Unpublished M.Phil, thesis, Southampton University.Google Scholar
Hamlin, A. and Case, H. 1963. Excavation of ring-ditches and other sites at Stanton Harcourt; notes on the finds. Oxoniensia 28, 152.Google Scholar
Harbison, P. 1969. The Daggers and Halberds of the Early Bronze Age in Ireland. Prähistorische Bronzefunde, 6.1. Munich: Beck.Google Scholar
Hartmann, A. 1970. Prähistorische Goldfunde aus Europa. Studien zu den Anfängen der Metallurgie 3. Berlin.Google Scholar
Hartmann, A. 1982. Prähistorische Goldfunde aus Europa. Studien zu den Anfängen der Metallurgie 5. Berlin.Google Scholar
Inventaria Archaeologica 1958. The Migdale hoard (GB26). In Piggott, S. and Stewart, M. (eds), Early and Middle Bronze Age Grave-Groups and Hoards from Scotland. London: Garraway.Google Scholar
Junghans, S., Sangmeister, E. and Schröder, M. 1968. Kupfer und Bronze in der frühen Metallzeit Europas. Studien zu den Anfängen der Metallurgie, 2.2. Berlin.Google Scholar
Kerney, M. P. 1976. Atlas of the Non-Marine Mollusca of the British Isles. Cambridge: Institute of Terrestrial Ecology.Google Scholar
Kinnes, I. A. 1976. The Standlow dagger. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 42, 319–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kinnes, I. 1979. Round Barrows and Ring-ditches in the British Neolithic. London: British Museum.Google Scholar
Kinnes, I. 1985. Beaker and Early Bronze Age Grave Groups. London: British Museum.Google Scholar
La Farge, O. 1963. Pictorial History of the American Indian. London: Spring Books.Google Scholar
Lanting, J. N. and van der Waals, J. D. 1976. Beaker culture relations in the Lower Rhine Basin. In Lanting, J. N. and Waals, J. D. van der (eds), Glockenbecher Symposion: Oberreid 1974, 180. Bussum: Fibula-van Dishoeck.Google Scholar
Leeds, E. T. 1938. Beakers of the Upper Thames district. Oxoniensia 3, 3140.Google Scholar
Martin, E. A. 1977. The excavation of two tumuli on Water hall Farm, Chippenham, Cambridgeshire, 1973. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 66, 113.Google Scholar
McCracken, H. 1959. George Catlin and the Old Frontier. New York: Dial Press.Google Scholar
Riley, D. N. 1982. Radley 15, a Late Beaker ring-ditch. In Case, H. and Whittle, A. W. R. (eds), Settlement Patterns in the Oxford Region, 7680. London: Council for British Archaeology.Google Scholar
Sales, K. D., Oduwole, D., Convert, J. C. and Robins, G. V. 1987. The provenancing of jet with electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Archaeometry 29, 103109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shennan, S. J. 1976. Bell beakers and their context in central Europe. In Lanting, J. N. and van der Waals, J. D. (eds), Glockenbecher Symposion, Oberreid 1974, 217–29. Bussum: Fibula-van Dishoeck.Google Scholar
Sherratt, A. 1986. The Radley ‘earrings’ revisited. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 5 (1), 6166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sherratt, A. 1987. ‘Earrings’ again. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 6 (1), 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, I. F. and Simpson, D. D. A. 1966. Excavation of a round barrow on Overton Hill, north Wiltshire, England. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 32, 122–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, J. J. 1974. The Gold Box from ‘La Motta’, Lannion. Palaeohistoria 16, 152–63.Google Scholar
Taylor, J. J. 1980. Bronze Age Goldwork. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Thurnam, J. 1871. On ancient British Barrows, especially those of Wiltshire and the adjoining Counties (Part II, Round Barrows). Archaeologia 43, 285552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tringham, R., Cooper, G., Odell, G., Voytek, B. and Whitman, A. 1974. Experimentation in the formation of edge damage: a new approach to lithic analysis. Journal of Field Archaeology 1, 171–96.Google Scholar
Vermeule, E. 1972. Greece in the Bronze Age. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
Vladar, J. 1975. Zur Problematik der Glockenbecherkultur in Mitteldonauraum. In Lanting, J. N. and van der Waals, J. D. (eds), Glockenbecher Symposion, Oberried 1974, 217–29. Bussum: Fibula-van Dishoeck.Google Scholar
Wall, J. 1987. The role of daggers in Early Bronze Age Britain: the evidence of wear analysis. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 6, 115–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, A. 1948. Excavations in Barrow Hills Field, Radley, Berkshire, 1944. Oxoniensia 13, 117.Google Scholar