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Artificial Intelligence and Race: a Systematic Review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 September 2020


This paper examines peer-reviewed publications to learn about the relationships between artificial intelligence (AI) and the human race. For this systematic review, papers were collected from three academic databases: Scopus, Web of Science, and Academic Search Complete. From 1,222 papers reviewed, 36 papers were included. The findings indicate that there are four relationships between AI and race (i). AI causes unequal opportunities for people from certain racial groups, (ii). AI helps to detect racial discrimination, (iii). AI is applied to study health conditions of specific racial population groups, and (iv). AI is used to study demographics and facial images of people from different racial backgrounds. To widen the knowledge related to AI and race, all four finding categories in this review included supplementary studies as lessons learned for legal information management research. The authors, Channarong Intahchomphoo and Odd Erik Gundersen, use these findings to discuss how AI could impact libraries and how legal information management professionals might have to cope with the problem of biased AI.

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Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Published by British and Irish Association of Law Librarians

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Included Studies Responding to the Review Question

Buist, Henry., Linneman, Peter D., & Megbolugbe, Isaac F. (1999) Residential-mortgage lending discrimination and lender-risk-compensating policies. Real Estate Economics (27:4), 695717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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