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Transport in Tropical Africa

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 November 2008

Patrick Moriarty
Affiliation:
Engineering School, Chisholm Institute of Technology, Melbourne
Clive S. Beed
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, University of Melbourne

Extract

This short article examines the present land transport situation in tropical Africa, and discusses the severe economic constraints facing continuation of even the present low levels of vehicular activity. In addition, some new approaches to both passengers and freight are suggested in line with existing difficulties.

As defined here, tropical Africa includes all the countries in the continent except Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt, as well as South Africa and Namibia. In 1984, the population was just over 400 million, but is expected to reach about 650 million by the year 2000.1 Overall, the region is characterised by low levels of income per head, a high proportion of the workforce employed in agriculture (over 50 per cent everywhere), and correspondingly low levels of urbanisation. Given the great differences between the region and the industralised countries, it is possinle that transport policies appropriate to the West may not be particularly relevent.

Type
Africana
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1989

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References

Page 125 note 1 World Bank, World Development Report, 1986 (New York, 1986).Google Scholar

Page 125 note 2 International Road Federation, World Road Statistics, 1981–1985 (Geneva, 1986).Google Scholar

Page 125 note 3 Africa South of the Sahara, 1987 (London, 1986), passim.Google Scholar

Page 125 note 4 A passenger-km is one kilometre travelled by one passenger.

Page 125 note 5 Ayres, Robert V., ‘Worldwide Transportation/Energy Demand Forecast’, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, 1978.Google Scholar

Page 126 note 1 Sources: United Nations, Statistical Yearbook, 1983–84 (New York, 1986); International Road Federation, op. cit.; Africa south of the Sahara, 1987; and Geoffrey Freeman-Allen (Compiler), Jane's World Railways, 1986–1987 (London, 1986).Google Scholar

Page 126 note 2 Eckholm, Erik, Foley, Gerald, Barnard, Geoffrey, and Timberlake, Lloyd, Fuelwood: the energy crisis that won't go away (London, 1984),Google Scholar and Furnell, D. C., ‘The Role of Small Service Centres in Regional and Rural Development: with special reference to Eastern Africa’, in Gilbert, Alan (ed.), Development Planning and Spatial Structure (New York, 1976), pp. 7395.Google Scholar

Page 126 note 3 Hillman, Mayer and Walley, Anne, Walking is Transport (Policy Studies Institute, London, 1979).Google Scholar

Page 127 note 1 Statistical Yearbook, 1983–84.

Page 127 note 2 Due, John F., ‘The Problems of Rail Transport in Tropical Africa’, in The Journal of Developing Areas (Macomb, III.), 13, 4, 1979, pp. 375–93.Google Scholar

Page 127 note 3 Due, loc. cit. and Mwase, Ngila, ‘Railway Pricing in Developing Countries’, in Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (London), 21, 2, 1987, pp. 189217.Google Scholar

Page 128 note 1 Statistical Yearbook, 1983–84, International Road Federation, op. cit., and Freeman-Allen, op. cit.

Page 128 note 2 ibid.

Page 128 note 3 International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook: revised projections by the Staff of the IMF (Washington, D.C., 10 1986).Google Scholar

Page 128 note 4 ‘Trans-Gabon Railway Nears Completion’, in World Construction (New York), 0304 1987, pp. 1012.Google Scholar

Page 129 note 1 World Development Report, 1986; and Callaghy, Thomas M., ‘Between Scylla and Charybdis: the foreign economic relations of sub-Saharan African states’, in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (Beverly Hills), 489, 01 1987, pp. 148–63.Google Scholar

Page 129 note 2 Callaghy, loc. cit.

Page 129 note 3 Laishley, Roy, ‘Battle Fatigue’, in The Banker (London), 09 1987.Google Scholar

Page 130 note 1 Furnell, loc. cit.

Page 130 note 2 Yang, Jun-Meng, ‘Bicycle Traffic in China’, in Transportation Quarterly (Westport, Conn.), 39, 1, 1985, pp. 93107.Google Scholar

Page 130 note 3 ibid.

Page 130 note 4 World Development Report, 1986.

Page 130 note 5 World Economic Outlook, October 1986.

Page 130 note 6 Mikesell, Raymond F., ‘The Changing Demand for Raw Materials’, in Economic Impact (Washington, D.C.), 64, 1988, pp. 41–7.Google Scholar

Page 130 note 7 Kamarck, Andrew M., ‘The Resources of Tropical Africa’, in Daedatus (Cambridge, Mass.,), Spring, 1982, pp. 149–63.Google Scholar

Page 131 note 1 Cook, C. C., ‘Evaluating Alternative Maintenance Strategies for Low-Volume Roads in Sub-Saharan Africa’, in Transportation Research Record (Washington, D.C.), 1106, 1987, pp. 1725.Google Scholar

Page 131 note 2 I. J. Barwell and J. D. G. F. Howe, ‘Appropriate Technology and Low Cost Transport’, in ibid. 702, 1979, pp. 22–30.

Page 131 note 3 Howe, John, ‘To Fetch and Carry’, in New Internationalist (Oxford), 92, 1980, pp. 1213.Google Scholar

Page 131 note 4 Yang, loc. cit.

Page 131 note 5 Rogers, Lee H., ‘Traditional Goods and Passenger Movements in Indonesia’, in Transportation Research Record, 898, 1983, pp. 1018.Google Scholar

Page 131 note 6 Barwell and Howe, loc. cit.

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