Fully dense and net-shaped silicon carbide monoliths were produced by liquid silicon infiltration of carbon preforms with engineered bulk density, median pore diameter, and chemical reactivity derived from carbonization of crystalline cellulose and phenolic resin blends. The ideal carbon bulk density and minimum median pore diameter for successful formation of fully dense silicon carbide by liquid silicon infiltration are 0.964 g cm−3 and approximately 1 μm. By blending crystalline cellulose and phenolic resin in various mass ratios as carbon precursors, we were able to adjust the bulk density, median pore diameter, and overall chemical reactivity of the carbon preforms produced. The liquid silicon infiltration reactions were performed in a graphite element furnace at temperatures between 1414 and 1900 °C and under argon pressures of 1550, 760, and 0.5 Torr for periods of 10, 15, 30, 60, 120, and 300 min. Examination of the results indicated that the ideal carbon preform was produced from the crystalline cellulose and phenolic resin blend of 6:4 mass ratio. This carbon preform has a bulk density of 0.7910 g cm−3, an actual density of 2.1911 g cm−3, median pore diameter of 1.45 μm, and specific surface area of 644.75 m2 g−1. The ideal liquid silicon infiltration reaction conditions were identified as 1800 °C, 0.5 Torr, and 120 min. The optimum reaction product has a bulk density of 2.9566 g cm−3, greater than 91% of that of pure β–SiC, with a β–SiC volume fraction of approximately 82.5%.