Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-gvh9x Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-22T02:16:49.826Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Thermal spray coating of aluminum nitride utilizing the detonation spray technique

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

L. Rama Krishna
Affiliation:
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur P.O., Hyderabad-500005, India
D. Sen
Affiliation:
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur P.O., Hyderabad-500005, India
Y. Srinivasa Rao
Affiliation:
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur P.O., Hyderabad-500005, India
G. V. Narasimha Rao
Affiliation:
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur P.O., Hyderabad-500005, India
G. Sundararajan
Affiliation:
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur P.O., Hyderabad-500005, India
Get access

Abstract

The main objective of this work is to examine the feasibility of depositing aluminum nitride (AlN) powders, synthesized using self-propagating high-temperature synthesis, on a mild steel substrate using the detonation spray coating technique. Thick coatings produced by utilizing the AlN powder were obtained at four different oxygen–acetylene ratios and analyzed for microstructure, microhardness, porosity, indentation fracture toughness, and phase distribution. The AlN powder particles were found to be undergoing oxidation during the deposition process. The interrelationship between the spray parameters and the extent of oxidation of AlN during the coating process was investigated. Tribological performance of the coatings was evaluated using a dry sand abrasion test and a pin-on-disc sliding wear test. The mechanical and tribological properties of the above four coatings were compared with pure alumina (Al2O3) coatings. The correlation between the structure of the coatings and their tribological performance was also established.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2002

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

1.Edgar, J.H., Carosella, C.A., Eddy, C.R. Jr., and Smith, D.T., J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 7, 247 (1996).Google Scholar
2.Slack, G.A., J. Phy. Chem. Solids 34, 321 (1973).Google Scholar
3.Landolt Bornstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, edited by Hellwege, K.H. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1982), 17, p. 58.Google Scholar
4.Handbook of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides, edited by Pierson, H.O. (Noyes Publ., Park Ridge, NJ, 1996).Google Scholar
5.The Physics and Chemistry of Carbides, Nitrides and Borides, edited by Freer, R., Series E: Applied Sciences (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1989), p. 185.Google Scholar
6.Carbide, Nitride and Boride Materials Synthesis and Processing, edited by Weimer, A.W. (Chapman & Hall, London, U.K., 1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7.Martin, P., Netterfield, R., Kinder, T., and , Bendavid, Appl. Opt. 31, 6734 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8.Morz, T.J., Ceram. Bull. 170, 848 (1991).Google Scholar
9.Boch, P., Glandus, J.C., Jarrige, J., Lecompte, J.P., and Mexmain, J., Ceram. Int. 8, 34 (1982).Google Scholar
10.Kuramoto, N., Taniguchi, N., and Aso, I., Ceram. Bull. 68, 883 (1989).Google Scholar
11.Thevenot, F., Ind. Ceram. 853, 681 (1990).Google Scholar
12.Sheppart, L.M., Ceram. Bull, 69, 1801 (1990).Google Scholar
13.Hybrid Microelectronic Handbook, edited by Jensen, R.S. (Mc-Graw Hill, New York, 1995), p. 2.Google Scholar
14.Kuromitsu, Y., Nagase, T., Yoshida, H., and Morinaga, K., J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 12, 105 (1998).Google Scholar
15.Reicher, R., Smetana, W., Gruber, E.U., and Schuster, J.C., J. Mat. Sci: Mater. Electron. 9, 429 (1998).Google Scholar
16.Sundararajan, G., Prasad, K.U.M., Rao, D.S., and Joshi, S.V., J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 7, 343 (1998).Google Scholar
17.Roy, M., Rao, C.V.S., Rao, D.S., and Sundararajan, G., Surf. Eng. 15, 129 (1999).Google Scholar
18.Sundararajan, G., Somaraju, K.R.C., and Rao, D. Srinivasa, in Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies, edited by Sudarshan, T.S., Khor, K.A., and Jeandin, M. (ASM International, Singapore, 1996), p. 369.Google Scholar
19.Niemi, K., Vuoristo, P., Mantyla, T., Lugscheider, E., Knuuttila, J., and Jungklaus, H., Proceedings of the 8th National Thermal Spray Conference (ASM International, Houston, TX, 1995).Google Scholar
20.Wang, Y., Kettunen, P., Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference & Exposition (ASM International, Orlando, FL, 1992).Google Scholar
21.Pawlowski, L., The Science and Engineering of Thermal Spray Coatings, (John Wiley, Chichester, U.K., 1995).Google Scholar
22.Wang, Y., Wear 161, 69 (1993).Google Scholar
23.Barbezat, G., Nicoll, A., and Sickinger, A., Wear 162–164, 529 (1993).Google Scholar
24.Sivakumar, G., Ramakrishna, L., Jain, Vipin, Srinivasarao, D., and Sundararajan, G., in Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference (ITSC 2001), edited by Berndt, C.C., Khor, K.A., and Lugscheider, E.F. (ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 2001), p. 1031.Google Scholar
25.Tucker, R.C., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 11, 725 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
26.Kadyrov, V., Margarita, Y., Sen, D., Rao, D. Srinivasa, Rao, K.P., and Saibaba, A.V., Transactions of the Powder Metallurgy Association of India, edited by Ramakrishnan, P. (Powder Metallurgy Association of India, 1993), Vol. 20, p. 1.Google Scholar
27.Kharlamov, Y.A., in Material Science and Engineering, edited by Khor, K.A. and Jeandin, M. (The Institute of Materials, London, U.K., 1997), p. 93.Google Scholar
28.Tucker, R.C., in Advances in Coatings Technologies for Corrosion and Wear Resistant Coatings, edited by Srivatsava, A.R., Clayton, C.R., and Hirronen, J.K. (TMS, Warrendale, PA, 1995), p. 89.Google Scholar
29.Duchesne, D.J., Hipps, K.W., Grasher, B.A., and Norton, W.G., J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 877 (1999).Google Scholar
30.Osborne, E.W. and Norton, M.G., J. Mater. Sci. 33, 3859 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
31.Tseng, W.J., Tsai, C-J., and Fu, S-L., J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 11, 131 (2000).Google Scholar
32.Sato, T., Haryu, K., Endo, T., and Shimada, M., J. Mater. Res. 22, 2277 (1987).Google Scholar
33.Bellosi, A., Landi, E., and Tampiori, A., J. Mater. Res. 8, 565 (1993).Google Scholar
34.Gengl, Y. and Grant, M. Norton, J. Mater. Res. 14, 2708 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
35.Watanabe, Y., Hara, Y., Tokuda, T., Kitazawa, N., and Nakamura, Y., Surf. Eng. 16, 211 (2000).Google Scholar
36.Kleer, G., Kassner, R., Meyer, E.M., Schinker, M.G., and Doell, W., Surf. Coat. Technol. 167, 54 (1992).Google Scholar
37.Lii, D.F., Surf. Eng. 305, 14 (1998).Google Scholar
38.Kawata, K., Sugimura, H., and Takai, O., Thin Solid Films 271, 386 (2001).Google Scholar
39.Munteanu, D. and Munteanu, A., J. Mech. Behav. Mater. 457, 11 (2000).Google Scholar
40.Evans, A.G. and Charles, E.A., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 59, 371 (1976).Google Scholar
41.Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, edited by Lampman, S.R. and Zorc, T.B. (ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 1998), p. 993.Google Scholar
42.Palo, S. De, Mohanty, M., Marc-Charles, H., and Dorfman, M., in Proceedings of the 1st International Thermal Spray Conference, edited by Berndt, C.C. (ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 2000), p. 245.Google Scholar
43.Bertenev, S.S., Fedko, Y.P., and Grigorov, A.I., in Detonation Coatings in Machine Construction, edited by Goldfain, V.N. (Leningrad Machine Construction, Leningrad, 1982), p. 128 (in Russian).Google Scholar
44.Gogotsi, Y.G., Desmaison, J., Andrievski, R.A., Baxter, D.J., and Desmaison, M., Key Eng. Mater. 132–136, 1600 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
45.Norton, M.G., Steele, B.C.H., and Leach, C.A., in Science of Ceramics, edited by Taylor, D. (The Institute of Ceramics, Stoke-on-Trent, U.K., 1988), Vol. 14, p. 545.Google Scholar
46.Panasyuk, A.D. and Belykh, A.B., Ogneupory 11, 18 (1985), (in Russian).Google Scholar
47.Marchant, D.D. and Nemeck, T.E., in Advances in Ceramics: Ceramic Substrates and Packages for Electronic Applications, edited by Yan, M.F., Niwa, K., O’Brien, H.M., and Young, W.S. (AcerS, Inc., Westerville, OH, 1989), Vol. 26, p. 19.Google Scholar
48.Rao, D.S., Sen, D., Somaraju, K.R.C., Ravikumar, S., Ravi, N., and Sundararajan, G., Proceedings of the 15th International Thermal Spray Conference, edited by Coddet, C. (ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 1998), p. 385.Google Scholar