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On acquiring true stress–strain curves for sheet specimens using tensile test and FE analysis based on a local necking criterion

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 March 2014

Hong Chul Hyun
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea
Minsoo Kim*
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea
Sungsik Bang
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea
Hyungyil Lee
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
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In this study, we obtain true stress–strain (SS) curves for a sheet specimen under consideration of local necking and material anisotropy. We first extract the SS curve up to the diffuse necking point from the tensile test load–displacement data. The curve's part after the onset of diffuse necking is extrapolated by the weighted-average method proposed by Ling [Y. Ling, AMP J. Technol. 5, 37–48 (1996)]. Initiation of local necking is predicted by means of the minor-to-major strain ratio in the specimen's center. We propose a criterion to determine the strain ratio at the onset of local necking and the major strain corresponding to the strain ratio at local necking. We complete the true SS curve by cutting off the SS curve at the major strains corresponding to the local necking or apparent fracture point. Finally, the effects of material anisotropy on SS curves are discussed.

Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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