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Microwave sintering of hydroxyapatite ceramics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2011

Yi Fang
Affiliation:
Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4801
Dinesh K. Agrawal
Affiliation:
Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4801
Della M. Roy
Affiliation:
Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4801
Rustum Roy
Affiliation:
Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4801
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Abstract

Hydroxyapatite ceramics have been fabricated by microwave sintering in a 500 W microwave oven. Circular-plate specimens of various green densities were sintered in the oven at 1200 and 1300 °C, for 5, 10, and 20 min, respectively. Ceramics with density up to 97% of the theoretical were obtained. Density, grain size, microstructure, and strength of the ceramics sintered by microwave and by conventional methods were compared. The results show that microwave sintering of hydroxyapatite is not only highly efficient in saving time and energy, but can also improve the microstructure and thus enhance mechanical strength of the ceramics.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 1994

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References

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