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Enhanced energy density and electric cycling reliability via MnO2 modification in sodium niobate-based relaxor dielectric capacitors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 October 2020

Letao Yang
Affiliation:
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, AIIM, University of Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
Xi Kong
Affiliation:
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, AIIM, University of Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
Zhenxiang Cheng
Affiliation:
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, AIIM, University of Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
Shujun Zhang*
Affiliation:
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, AIIM, University of Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
*Corresponding
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: shujun@uow.edu.au
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Abstract

Sodium niobate (NaNbO3)-based dielectrics have received much attention for energy storage applications due to their low-cost, lightweight, and nontoxic nature. The field-induced metastable ferroelectric phase in NaNbO3-based dielectrics, however, leads to a large hysteresis of the polarization–electric field (PE) loops and hence deteriorate the energy storage performance. In this study, the hysteresis was successfully reduced by introducing Bi3+ and Ti4+ into A-site and B-site of NaNbO3, respectively. MnO2 addition was added to further increase the ceramic density and enhance the cycling reliability. As a result, a high recoverable energy density of 4.3 J/cm3 and a high energy efficiency of 90% were simultaneously achieved in the ceramic capacitor at an applied electric field of 360 kV/cm. Of particular importance is that the ceramic capacitor exhibits a stable energy storage properties over a wide temperature range of −70 to 170 °C, with much improved electric cycling reliability up to 105 cycles.

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Article
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Copyright © The Author(s), 2020, published on behalf of Materials Research Society by Cambridge University Press

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Enhanced energy density and electric cycling reliability via MnO2 modification in sodium niobate-based relaxor dielectric capacitors
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