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The electrochemical performance of SnSb/C nanofibers with different morphologies and underlying mechanism

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 January 2017

Xin Xia
Affiliation:
College of Textile and Clothing, Xinjiang University, Urumchi 830046, Xinjiang, China; and Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8301
Zhiyong Li
Affiliation:
College of Textile and Clothing, Xinjiang University, Urumchi 830046, Xinjiang, China
Leigang Xue
Affiliation:
Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8301
Yiping Qiu
Affiliation:
College of Textile and Clothing, Xinjiang University, Urumchi 830046, Xinjiang, China
Chuyang Zhang*
Affiliation:
College of Textile and Clothing, Xinjiang University, Urumchi 830046, Xinjiang, China
Xiangwu Zhang*
Affiliation:
Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8301
*Corresponding
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: xiangwu_zhang@ncsu.edu
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Abstract

SnSb nanoparticles are dispersed in carbon nanofibers by electrospinning technology and different SnSb precursors, including Sn0.92Sb0.08O2.04 nanoparticles, Sn(CH3COO)2/Sb(CH3COO)3, and SnCl4·5H2O/SbCl3, are used to tune the morphology of the resultant SnSb/C nanofibers. Porous SnSb/C nanofibers are formed during carbonization Sn0.92Sb0.08O2.04 nanoparticles and Sn(CH3COO)2/Sb(CH3COO)3 are used as precursors of SnSb, while solid nanofibers are observed with SnCl4·5H2O/SbCl3 as the precursor indicating the formation mechanism is closely related to the properties of SnSb precursors. Excellent cycling preference (99% capacity retention after 200 cycles) and high coulombic efficiency (above 99% after 10 cycles) are obtained for the SnSb/C nanofibers using Sn0.92Sb0.08O2.04 as precursor, due to its high surface area and stable SnSb/C structure. It is demonstrated that the uniquely designed composite nanofiber structure with excellent lithium storage performance can be realized simply by selecting precursors with appropriate dissolution and decomposition properties.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

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Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Xiaobo Chen

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