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Easy preparation of SnO2@carbon composite nanofibers with improved lithium ion storage properties

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Zunxian Yang
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia; and Institute of Micro/Nano-Sensors & Solar Energy Cells, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, People's Republic of China
Guodong Du
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Zaiping Guo*
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, and School of Mechanical, Materials and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Xuebin Yu
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia; and Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China
Zhixin Chen
School of Mechanical, Materials and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia
Peng Zhang
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Guonan Chen
Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection Technology for Food Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, People's Republic of China
Huakun Liu
Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
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SnO2@carbon nanofibers were synthesized by a combination of electrospinning and subsequent thermal treatments in air and then in argon to demonstrate their potential use as an anode material in lithium ion battery applications. The as-prepared SnO2@carbon nanofibers consist of SnO2 nanoparticles/nanocrystals encapsulated in a carbon matrix and contain many mesopores. Because of the charge pathways, both for the electrons and the lithium ions, and the buffering function provided by both the carbon encapsulating the SnO2 nanoparticles and the mesopores, which tends to alleviate the volumetric effects during the charge/discharge cycles, the nanofibers display a greatly improved reversible capacity of 420 mAh/g after 100 cycles at a constant current of 100 mA/g, and a sharply enhanced reversible capacity at higher rates (0.5, 1, and 2 C) compared with pure SnO2 nanofibers, which makes it a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries.


Copyright © Materials Research Society 2010

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