Skip to main content Accessibility help
Editorial board
Editor in Chief

Mr Bruno DemeyereThe International Committee of the Red Cross, Switzerland

Managing Editor

Jillian RaffertyThe International Committee of the Red Cross, Switzerland

Associate Editors

Nour Zeynab AssafThe International Committee of the Red Cross, Switzerland

Lea Mehari RedaeThe International Committee of the Red Cross, Switzerland

Editorial Board
Ammar photo

Monia Ammar, Magistrate Counselor at the Cassation Court, Tunisia

Mrs. Monia Ammar is a Tunisian judge. Currently, Magistrate Counselor at the Cassation Court, she is a Human rights & IHL’s teacher at the Higher Institute of the Judiciary. She is the head of the Arab Center for International law "ACIL" based in Tunisia. She was appointed as the Regional IHL Coordinator of the MENA region at the ICRC regional office in Cairo / Egypt (2014/2016). In 2010, she was elected as the head of the Arab Women IHL committee in the Arab Woman Organization. She was also elected In 2007 as a Chair of the Human Rights Arab Independent Experts’ Commission in the LAS. As an expert in international laws especially, IHRL, and IHL, Ms. Monia Ammar is a trainer in several related disciplines. Monia Ammar is a writer of many articles and Co-writer of books on human rights, women’s rights etc.

Anderson photo

Lorraine AndersonChief of Staff to Canada’s Ambassador for Women Peace and Security

Lorraine Anderson is an international lawyer with over twenty years of experience providing strategic legal and policy advice and services to governments, NGOs and intergovernmental organizations. She is currently the Chief of Staff to Canada’s Ambassador for Women Peace and Security. Prior to this position, she was the Legal Advisor to Canada’s Permanent Mission to the UN in Geneva and has held legal and policy positions in the legal bureau and human rights division of Global Affairs Canada. Before joining the federal government, she worked for the United Nations Country Teams in Liberia and Guyana providing legal, coordination, policy, and programming services and support. Lorraine earned her law degree at Osgoode Hall Law School and has a LLM from Columbia University School of Law, with an IHL focus. She has a Specialized Honours Bachelors of Arts Degree in Public Policy and Administration from York University

Aptel photo

Cécile AptelDeputy Director of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research, Switzerland

Cécile Aptel is the Deputy Director of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research. Previously, she was chief in the UN Human Rights’ Office work, and before that, director and acting under-secretary general for partnerships at the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Beforehand, she led the establishment of the UN Mechanism on Syria (IIIM) and was the senior advisor to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Earlier in her career, she worked in Africa, the Balkans, the Middle-East and North America, providing strategic legal and policy advice notably at the UN International Criminal Tribunals, the International Center for Transitional Justice, the International Commission for Lebanon, UNICEF and NGOs. A professor of international law, Dr Aptel has taught at the Fletcher School, Harvard and the Centre for Human Rights in Pretoria. Her recent research and writing focuses on international and transitional justice and child rights.

Dal-Maso photo

Tarciso Dal MasoLegislative Adviser of Brazilian Senate for International Relations and National Defense affairs

Tarciso Dal Maso Jardim. Legislative Adviser of Brazilian Senate for International Relations and National Defense affairs. Professor of international law at the University Center of Brasília. Member of the National Commission of International Humanitarian Law of Brazil. Former advisor to the President of the Supreme Court of Brazil. Former Adviser to the National Human Rights Council (Brazil). He participated in the negotiations for the establishment of the International Criminal Court in Rome, New York and Uganda. He received the Sérgio Vieira de Mello Medal from the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for his work with immigration. Member of the peer review group of Commentary On The Geneva Conventions. He produced a book of translations of international humanitarian law treaties into Portuguese, with an essay on the application of IHL in Brazil, and he wrote several studies on the forced disappearance of people, the right to reparations, transitional justice and international jurisdictions.

Dieng photo

Adama DiengFormer Under Secretary General, UN Secretary General Special Adviser Prevention of Genocide, Senegal

From July 2012 to July 2020, Adama Dieng served as the United Nations Secretary General Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide with the rank of Under Secretary General. Before this appointment, he served as the Registrar of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for nearly twelve years. He began his professional career at the national level in Senegal and served as Registrar of the Regional Court  of Tambacounda and later Registrar of the Supreme Court of Senegal. In July 1982, he started his international career by joining the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) in Geneva as legal adviser. In October 1990 he became the Secretary General of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) till 2000. As an international lawyer and well acclaimed human rights expert he played a key role in the establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights as well as the drafting of the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption. Previously, he served in various capacities including but not limited to: United Nations Independent Expert on Haiti; Chairperson of the Editorial Group to assist the International Panel of Eminent Personalities to investigate the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda and Surrounding Events (IPEP); Former Envoy of the United Nations Secretary General to Malawi for mediation between the Government and the Opposition. He has also served as Trial Observer and Head of numerous human rights fact-finding missions around the world. He is an Honorary Chair of the World Justice Forum, former President of the Martin Ennals Foundation. He has received many honorific distinctions and awards for his contribution and achievements in the field of human rights and humanitarian law. He authored many publications on various subjects including human rights, international criminal law, refugees law. He has a long standing relationship with the ICRC dated back since 1980. Currently he serves as a member of the United Nations Internal Justice Council and of the Zayed Award of Human Fraternity.

Gaggioli photo

Gloria GaggioliDirector of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

Gloria Gaggioli is the Director of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights and an Associate Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Geneva. She is also member of the board of Geneva Call. She has researched and taught in several Universities in Denmark, France, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States and published in various fields of public international law. She is currently leading a research project funded by the SNSF on ‘Preventing and Combating Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Towards a Legal-Empirical Approach’. Her work has focused notably on issues related to the interplay between international humanitarian law and international human rights law, the right to life and the use of force, including the conduct of hostilities, law enforcement and self-defence. Prior to joining the University of Geneva, she served as Legal Adviser in the legal division of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Gillard photo

Emanuela-Chiara GillardSenior Fellow at the Institute for Ethics Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford

Emanuela-Chiara Gillard is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Ethics Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford, and a Consulting Associate Fellow of the International Law Programme at Chatham House.  Her most recent work has focused on the law, policy and practice of humanitarian relief operations, including the rules regulating such operations, and the tensions raised by sanctions and counter-terrorism measures.  Emanuela regularly provides advice and training to states, UN agencies and non-governmental organisations.  From 2007 to 2012 Emanuela was Chief of the Protection of Civilians Section in the Policy Branch of the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and for seven years before that she was a Legal Adviser at the International Committee of the Red Cross. She holds a B. A. in law and an LL. M. from the University of Cambridge.

Lopez photo

Juana Acosta LópezAssociate Professor, Director Public Interest/Human Rights Clinic, University La Sabana Colombia

Associate Professor, Director of the Public Interest and Human Rights Legal Clinic, co-director of the International Law Research Group and member of the Academic Committee of the International Law Master’s at University of La Sabana (Colombia). She coordinates the Observatory of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. Holds a law degree from Javeriana University (Colombia); a Master in Human Rights from Externado University (Colombia); an LL.M. in International Legal Studies from NYU and is pursuing her Ph.D. at UNAM (Mexico). She has advised and extensively published in matters of international law and transitional justice for more than 15 years. She has represented Colombia and Bolivia before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in more than 10 cases. As part of the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace, she participated in the Colombian peace process. She presided the Colombian Academy of International Law and is a professor at prestigious national and foreign universities.

Park photo

Jihyun ParkProfessor of International Law at the Faculty of Law of Youngsan University, Busan, the Republic of Korea

Jihyun Park is a Professor of International Law at the Faculty of Law of Youngsan University, Busan, Korea. She is a licensed attorney in New York and worked in California, U.S.A. Her current positions are Director of Global Center; Director of Korean Language Center of Youngsan University and Director of King Sejong Institute in Bandung, Indonesia under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Korea. She also participates as Advisory International Editorial Boards in several journals in the field of law in Indonesia. She has extensively studied the use of the Red Cross Emblem, Refugees, Displaced Persons, PMCs in International Humanitarian Law. Trade-related issues are the field she provides her insightful experience of practice. Her recent publications include an issue of Vienna Convention Art. 44-Separability of Treaty Provisions. She has published more than 60 articles and several books. She holds a LL.D from Yonsei University, Korea, and a LL.M from the University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Patel photo

Bimal N. PatelVice-Chancellor and Professor of Public International Law, Rashtriya Raksha University, India

Bimal N. Patel, PhD (Leiden); PhD (Jaipur); LLM (Leiden); MA (Amsterdam), BSc (Anand); Vice-Chancellor and Professor of Public International Law, Rashtriya Raksha University (; Member, National Security Advisory Board, National Security Council of India; Lead Academic Adviser for India’s tenure at the UN Security Council (2021-22); Director / Vice-Chancellor, Gujarat National Law University (2008-2019); Member 21st Law Commission of India; Independent Director, Gujarat State Petronet Limited; Central Depository Services Limited; Member, Governing Board, National Maritime Foundation; Adviser/Member Government, University Commissions / Committees; author / editor of works in international law, law of the sea, international courts and tribunals, state practice and international law, National Security of India and International Law; India and International Law; World Court Reference Guide (Volume 1922-2000) and (Volume II - 2000-2010); Responsibility of International Organisations; Law of the Sea - ITLOS Jurisprudence; International Litigation by and against India; Human Rights in Commonwealth Countries; Sustainable Development and India, among others.

Salazar photo

Mariana SalazarProfessor of International Humanitarian Law, Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City, Mexico

Mariana Salazar Albornoz is Professor of International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law and Public International Law at Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City. She is a Member of the Inter-American Juridical Committee of the OAS (2019-2022) and Academics Programs Associate at the Auschwitz Institute for the Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities (since 2019). From 2005 to 2018 she worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, where she was Coordinator of Public International Law and, previously, Director of International Humanitarian and Criminal Law and of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. She was the Technical Secretary of Mexico’s Inter-Ministerial Committee on International Humanitarian Law (2010-2016) and Mexico’s Focal Point to the Latin American Network on Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (2012-2018) and to the Global Network for Responsibility to Protect (2018). A former practitioner in law firms in Mexico City, Ms. Salazar holds a Law Degree from Universidad Iberoamericana (2001) and a Master’s Degree in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva (2004). She writes on issues of international law, atrocity prevention, armed conflict and human rights and is a member of the International Law Association and of the Mexican Council on Foreign Relations.

Santos-Jr photo

Soliman M. Santos Jr.Judge of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Naga City in the Bicol region of the Philippines

Soliman M. Santos Jr. is presently a Judge of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Naga City in the Bicol region of the Philippines. He is one of the few Filipino lawyers with an expertise in IHL and is a leading contributor to a new field here of peace lawyering and lex pacificatoria or ‘law of the peace makers.’ It is both as a peace advocate and as a legal scholar that he had developed familiarity with, including through actually engaging on a landmine ban and other IHL norms, the two main Moro liberation fronts in Muslim Mindanao, Southern Philippines. As a consultant to the then Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) IHL National Committee, he was the main drafter of Republic Act No. 9851, the ‘Philippine Act on Crimes Against International Humanitarian Law, Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity.’ He is the author and editor of a number of books.

Schmitt photo

Michael SchmittProfessor of International Law at the University of Reading, UK

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom.  He is also the Francis Lieber Distinguished Scholar at the United States Military Academy (West Point), Stockton Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence and emeritus professor at the United States Naval War College, Distinguished Scholar of the University of Texas’ Strauss Center, and a Senior Fellow of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. Professor Schmitt serves as Executive Editor of International Law Studies and the general Editor of the Lieber Studies (OUP) He is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Fellow of the Royal Society of the Arts.

Sivakumaran photo

Sandesh SivakumaranUniversity Reader International Law, co-Deputy Director, Lauterpacht Centre, University of Cambridge, UK

Sandesh Sivakumaran is University Reader in International Law, co-Deputy Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law and Fellow of St Edmund’s College, University of Cambridge. Prior to his Cambridge appointment, he was Professor of Public International Law at the University of Nottingham. He is the author of several prize-winning works on international law.

Stern photo

Orly SternResearcher, consultant and lawyer focusing on armed conflict, gender and law, South Africa

Dr Orly Stern is a researcher, consultant and lawyer, focusing on armed conflict, gender and law. Orly has worked and researched in countries including Somalia, Iraq, northern Nigeria, South Sudan, Sierra Leone and Central African Republic. She had consulted for various international organizations, governments, research institutions and NGOs. Orly holds a PhD in international humanitarian law from London School of Economics, and a Masters in international human rights law from Harvard Law School. She is currently a visiting fellow of practice with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University. She has held a senior fellowship with the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and has taught international criminal law at the University of Cape Town. Her book, ‘Gender, Conflict and International Humanitarian Law: A Critique of the Principle of Distinction’, was awarded the International Committee of the Red Cross’ inaugural prize for best published work on international humanitarian law in Africa.

Tafita photo

Folake TafitaSenior Lecturer and Clinician, Faculty of Law, University of Ibadan (Nigeria)

A Senior Lecturer and Clinician, Faculty of Law, University of Ibadan (Nigeria) where she currently teaches international humanitarian law. A graduate of the University of Toronto, Canada and Fellow, MacArthur Fellowship in Reproductive and Sexual Health Law. Folake is a trained nurse. Prior to her legal education, she obtained a Diploma certificate in nursing. With over 20 years of experience, teaching both undergraduate and post graduate students, Folake Tafita has progressive experience in teaching and research in international humanitarian law, reproductive and sexual health law, medical law, health law and policy, research ethics, clinical legal education and the law of torts. Her research publications and teachings over the years, have covered contemporary issues in these areas. She has presented her research works at both local and international conferences, some of which have appeared in international journals. She is also a member of many learned societies.

Tuzmukhamedov photo

Bakhtiyar TuzmukhamedovProfessor of International Law, Vice-President of the Russian Association of International Law

Professor of International Law, Member of the Council of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Vice-President of the Russian Association of International Law, Member of the Committee against Torture, ad hoc judge at the ECHR in the case of Ukraine v. Russia. Formerly senior staff member of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, trial judge at the UN ICTR, appeals judge at the UN ICTR/ICTY, Civil Affairs Officer with the UN Peace Forces in the former Yugoslavia. He holds two degrees in international law from the Moscow State Institute of International Law and an LL.M from Harvard Law School. His professorial experience includes teaching at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague Academy of International Law, University of Virginia School of Law, other universities in Russia and elsewhere.

Zegenhagen photo

Yvette ZegenhagenHead of International Humanitarian Law, Australian Red Cross, Australia

Yvette joined the Australian Red Cross IHL program in 2011 and has been Head of the IHL department since 2014. In this role she leads a dedicated team of over 150 staff and volunteers who work closely with stakeholders that implement, apply and interpret IHL in Australia; and assist Australian organisations with operations in conflict zones to understand and utilise these laws and related humanitarian policy issues. Yvette has held the positions of Secretary and Chair of the Asia Pacific National Society Legal Adviser’s Network and has also been the ad-interim common law legal adviser for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Geneva. Prior to joining the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, Yvette worked as an Adjunct Teaching Fellow in the Bond University Law Faculty and as a commercial litigator in Melbourne. Yvette is admitted to practice as a Legal Practitioner to the Supreme Court of Victoria and High Court of Australia.

Zhu photo

Lijiang ZhuProfessor International Law, Vice Dean School of International Law, China University of Political Science and Law

Lijiang Zhu is Professor of International Law and Vice Dean of School of International Law, China University of Political Science and Law. He holds a Ph. D. from Law School, Peking University in China, LL. M. from Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund University in Sweden, and LL. B. from Law School, Peking University in China. He is currently the convenor of the interest group of international humanitarian law, Asian Society of International Law, Vice Secretary-general of the Chinese Society of International Law, member of the Board of Editors of Chinese Journal of International Law (published in English by OUP) and Vice Editor-in-Chief of Chinese Yearbook of International Law (published in Chinese in China). He has published many articles and books on international law including international humanitarian law.