Published online by Cambridge University Press: 04 April 2018
Millimeter-wave (mm-wave) beam-steering antennas are preferred for reducing the disruptive effects, such as those caused by high atmospheric debilitation in wireless communications systems. In this work, a compact broadband antenna array with a low loss feed network design is introduced. To overcome the short-range effects on mm-wave frequencies, a feed network – with a modified Butler matrix and a compact zeroth-order resonance antenna element – has been designed. Furthermore, the aperture feed technique has been utilized to provide a broadside stable pattern and improve the delivered gain. A Fabry-Perot layer without the height of the air layer is used. Taking advantage of this novel design, a broadband and compact beam-steering array antenna – capable of covering impedance bandwidths (from 33.84 to 36.59 GHz) and scanning a solid angle of about ~94°, with a peak gain of 17.6 dBi – is attained.